|Nerve||buccal branch of the facial nerve|
|Actions||draws back angle of mouth|
|Anatomical terms of muscle|
This article needs additional citations for verification. (May 2015)
The risorius muscle is a muscle of facial expression. It arises from the fascia over the parotid gland, and inserts into the angle of the mouth. It is supplied by the facial nerve (CN VII). It may be absent or asymmetrical in some people. It retracts the angle of the mouth during smiling.
The risorius muscle arises in the fascia over the parotid gland. Passing horizontally forward, superficial to the platysma muscle, it inserts onto the skin at the angle of the mouth. It is a narrow bundle of fibers, broadest at its origin, but varies much in its size and form. It is superficial to the masseter muscle, partially covering it.
Like all muscles of facial expression, the risorius is supplied by the facial nerve (CN VII). The specific branch is debated, with some sources giving marginal mandibular branch of the facial nerve and others giving buccal branch of the facial nerve.
The risorius muscle retracts the angle of the mouth to produce a smile, albeit an insincere-looking one that does not involve the skin around the eyes. Compare with a real smile, which raises the lips with the action of zygomaticus major and zygomaticus minor muscles and causes "crow's feet" around the eyes using the orbicularis oculi muscles.
- Bae, Jung-Hee; Choi, Da-Yae; Lee, Jae-Gi; Seo, Kyle K.; Tansatit, Tanvaa; Kim, Hee-Jin (December 2014). "The Risorius Muscle: Anatomic Considerations With Reference to Botulinum Neurotoxin Injection for Masseteric Hypertrophy". Dermatologic Surgery. 40 (12): 1334–1339. doi:10.1097/DSS.0000000000000223. ISSN 1076-0512.
- Page 288 in Diogo, R.; Wood, B. (2011). "Soft-tissue anatomy of the primates: Phylogenetic analyses based on the muscles of the head, neck, pectoral region and upper limb, with notes on the evolution of these muscles". Journal of Anatomy. 219 (3): 273–359. doi:10.1111/j.1469-7580.2011.01403.x. PMC 3171772. PMID 21689100.
- Waller, Bridget M.; Cray, James J.; Burrows, Anne M. (2008). "Selection for universal facial emotion". Emotion. 8 (3): 435–9. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.612.9868. doi:10.1037/1528-35184.108.40.2065. PMID 18540761.
- Wilson, P. D. (2014). "Anatomy of Muscle". Reference Module in Biomedical Sciences. Elsevier. doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-801238-3.00250-6. ISBN 978-0-12-801238-3.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Risorius.|