Risovača Cave

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Risovača Cave is situated at the very entrance of the town of Aranđelovac, Serbia. It is one of the most important archaeological sites of palaeolithic in Europe and the only one in Serbia together with the Gradac Cave near Kragujevac. Its discovery confirmed the assumed existence of pelaeolithic culture south of the Sava-Danube line and provided new information on the life of prehistoric people.[1]

It's been discovered around 1938, but archaeological excavations started in 1953. Fossils of 20 different mammals have been found in the cave, including cave hyena, wolf, fox, wild horse, cave bear, mammoth, woolly rhinoceros, cave lion, leopard, wild boar, badger, mole rat, beaver, hare and steppe bison. The cave depth is approximately 187 meters, and "halls" are decorated with minerals of different shapes and colours. Also, shaped flint and bone tools which cavemen used at those times were discovered at a depth of 1-1,75 meters. These artefacts had been made in such a way as to suggest that they were the works of cave dwellers from the end of the Mid-Palaeolithic period. Neanderthals skeletons have not been found during excavations because the layer that might have held these was destroyed during quarrying.[1]

Risovača Cave was declared Archaeological Sites of Great Importance in 1983, and it is protected by Republic of Serbia. Today the Risovace Cave is home to many protected species of bats.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c NATURE OF SERBIA - Holiday on the move. Belgrade: National Tourism Organisation of Serbia. 2013. p. 50. ISBN 978-86-6005-295-9. 

Coordinates: 44°18′N 20°34′E / 44.300°N 20.567°E / 44.300; 20.567