|Opera by Franco Alfano|
|Based on||Leo Tolstoy's novel Resurrection|
30 November 1904
Teatro Vittorio Emanuele, Turin
Risurrezione (Resurrection), is an opera or dramma in four acts by Franco Alfano. The libretto was written by Cesare Hanau based on the 1899 novel Resurrection (Russian: Воскресение) by Leo Tolstoy. The first performance was given on 30 November 1904 in the Teatro Vittorio Emanuele, Turin, Italy.
|Role||Voice type||Premiere cast, 30 November 1904|
Conductor: Tullio Serafin
|Katerina Mihaylovna, named Katyusha||soprano||Elvira Magliulo|
|Prince Dimitri Ivanovich Nehlyudov||tenor||Oreste Mieli|
|Sofia Ivanovna, his aunt||mezzo-soprano||Elvira Ceresoli-Salvatori|
|Matryona Pavlovna, housekeeper||contralto|
|Simonson Ivanovich, political convict||baritone||Angelo Scandiani|
|Anna, old peasant||contralto|
|Vera, political convict||mezzo-soprano|
|Hunchback girl, prisoner||contralto|
|Red-haired girl, prisoner||mezzo-soprano|
|Krilycov, political convict||bass||José Beckmans|
|Three prisoners||2 sopranos / 1 contralto|
|Church voices, Peasants, Prisoners in female prison, Political convicts, 8-year old girl|
- Place: Russia and Siberia
- Time: The end of 19th century
Prince Dimitri arrives to say goodbye to his aunt, Sophia Ivanovna, before leaving for the war. His old playmate Katiusha, a young peasant girl, is now Sophia Ivanovna's companion. Dimitri is overjoyed to meet her again and that night becomes her lover. The next day he leaves for the war.
The station of a small town. Katiusha, now pregnant, has been driven out of the house. She anxiously waits for Prince Dimitri who is due to pass through the station. But when she sees him arrive in the company of a prostitute, her courage fails her and she remains hidden until she goes away, pierced to her soul.
Prison in Saint Petersburg. Katiusha, broken by Dimitri's neglect of her and the death of her child, ends up in a place of debauchery. She is involved in a crime and, although innocent, is condemned for murder during a difficult trial, and is to be deported to Siberia. Before she leaves, Dimitri, now overcome with remorse, comes to see her in jail and offers to marry her. But she is in such a state of abject despair that she refuses all consolation.
On the road to Siberia. Katiusha has become herself again, the good sweet girl of former times. She has found the will to live by comforting her fellow deportees. Dimitri, who has followed her, now wants to marry her at any price. He obtains a pardon for her and her freedom. But Katiusha, although she still loves him with all her soul, refuses. She feels that only if they both renounce marriage can they be redeemed.
- Si, la ravviso la mia cara stanza (Yes, I see my dear room...) – Arioso of Dimitri (Act 1)
- Qualcun giù in giardino?... È Katiusha!.. (Someone is in the garden?... It's Katyusha!...) – Duetto of Katerina and Dimitri (Act 1)
- Dio pietoso, fa ch'il venga alfin (Merciful Lord, make him come at last) – Aria of Katerina (Act 2)
- Piangi, si, piangi (Cry, yes, cry) – Arioso of Dimitri (Act 3)
- Quando la vidi, una voce mi disse (When I saw her, a voice said to me) – Aria of Simonson (Act 4)
- Ed ora, va... parti!... Son felice!!! (And now, go... leave!... I'm happy!) – Finale duetto of Katerina and Dimitri (Act 4)
- 3 flutes (1 piccolo) / 3 oboes (1 English horn) / 3 clarinets (1 bass clarinet) / 2 bassoons / 1 contrabassoon
- 4 horns / 3 trumpets / 3 trombones / 1 tuba
- timpani / percussion (cymbals / triangle / bass drum) / tubular bells / xylophone / celesta / 2 harps / piano
- Violins / violas / cellos / double basses
- Casaglia, Gherardo (2005). "Risurrezione, 30 November 1904". L'Almanacco di Gherardo Casaglia (in Italian).