Rita Charon (born 1949 in Providence, Rhode Island), is a physician, literary scholar and the Founder and Executive Director of the Program in Narrative Medicine at Columbia University. She currently practices as a general internist at the Associates in Internal Medicine at Columbia Presbyterian Hospital, and is a professor of clinical medicine at the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Columbia University.
Charon is the author of Narrative Medicine: Honoring the Stories of Illness and co-editor of Stories Matter: The Role of Narrative in Medical Ethics and Psychoanalysis and Narrative Medicine.
Charon was born in Providence, Rhode Island and credits her father, a physician serving the French-Canadian population there, as her inspiration to go into medicine. She graduated with a B.A. in biology and child education from the Experimental College of Fordham University in 1970, and after working as a teacher and peace activist, attended Harvard Medical School from 1974 to 1978. She completed her residency in internal medicine at the Residency Program in Social Medicine at the Montefiore Medical Center in the Bronx, New York.
Dr. Charon began teaching at Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons in 1982 and was appointed full professor in 2001. She also completed a doctorate in English from Columbia University in 1999, focusing her studies on the writing of Henry James and the role of literature in medicine.
She currently directs the Narrative Medicine curriculum for Columbia Medical School and teaches literature, narrative ethics, and life-telling, both in the medical center and to students in the Narrative Medicine master's degree program. She has published and lectured extensively, both nationally and internationally, on the ways in which narrative training helps to increase empathy and reflection in health professionals and students. Her literary scholarship focuses on the novels and tales of Henry James. Her research projects center on the outcomes of training health care professionals in narrative competence and the development of narrative clinical routines to increase the capacity for clinical recognition in medical practice.
Her work in narrative medicine has been recognized by the Association of American Medical Colleges, the American College of Physicians, the Society for Health and Human Values, the American Academy on Communication in Healthcare, and the Society of General Internal Medicine.
In 1987 she was the first physician to receive Columbia University's Virginia Kneeland Frantz Award for Outstanding Woman Doctor of the Year. She was named Outstanding Woman Physician of the year in 1996, and in 1997 she received the National Award for Innovation in Medical Education from the Society of General Internal Medicine.
Charon was selected as the 2018 Jefferson Lecturer in the Humanities by the National Endowment for the Humanities, and delivered her lecture, "To See the Suffering: The Humanities Have What Medicine Needs," at the Warner Theatre in Washington, D.C. on October 15, 2018.
Formerly editor-in-chief of the journal Literature and Medicine,Dr. Charon is the author of Narrative Medicine: Honoring the Stories of Illness (New York: Oxford University Press, 2006); co-editor of Stories Matter: The Role of Narrative in Medical Ethics (Routledge, 2002); and co-editor of Psychoanalysis and Narrative Medicine (SUNY, 2008). Her essays and reviews have appeared in Narrative, Annals of Internal Medicine, Journal of the American Medical Association,JAMA:  Literature and Medicine, The Lancet, and The New England Journal of Medicine.
- The Program in Narrative Medicine, , College of Physicians and Surgeons at Columbia University , 19 September 2012
- Physician Detail,  New York-Presbyterian, 19 September 2012
- Rita Charon, , Oxford University Press, December 2007
- Rita Charon and Martha Montello, , Routledge, 14 June 2002
- Rita Charon and Peter L. Rudnytsky, , SUNY Press, January 2008
- Changing the Face of Medicine, , National Library of Medicine, 19 September 2012
- Alma Dea Morani Renaissance Woman Award, , Foundation for the History of Women in Medicine, 19 September 2012
- Changing the Face of Medicine
- Alma Dea Morani, M.D. Renaissance Woman Award, , Foundation for the History of Women in Medicine, 2011
- "Dr. Rita Charon Named the 2018 Jefferson Lecturer in the Humanities". National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH). Retrieved 2018-10-16.
- Rita Charon, , Annals of Internal Medicine, 2 January 2001
- Rita Charon, , Journal of the American Medical Association, 17 October 2001
- Rita Charon, , Literature and Medicine Volume 5, 1986
- Rita Charon, , The Lancet, 2004-2011
- Rita Charon, , The New England Journal of Medicine, 26 February 2004