Ritanserin

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Ritanserin
Ritanserin2DCSD.svg
Clinical data
Other namesR-55667; R55667; Tiserton
ATC code
  • None
Identifiers
  • 6-[2-[4-[bis(4-fluorophenyl)methylidene]piperidin-1-yl]ethyl]-7-methyl-[1,3]thiazolo[2,3-b]pyrimidin-5-one
CAS Number
PubChem CID
IUPHAR/BPS
ChemSpider
UNII
ChEBI
ChEMBL
CompTox Dashboard (EPA)
ECHA InfoCard100.163.772 Edit this at Wikidata
Chemical and physical data
FormulaC27H25F2N3OS
Molar mass477.57 g·mol−1
3D model (JSmol)
  • CC1=C(C(=O)N2C=CSC2=N1)CCN3CCC(=C(C4=CC=C(C=C4)F)C5=CC=C(C=C5)F)CC3
  • InChI=1S/C27H25F2N3OS/c1-18-24(26(33)32-16-17-34-27(32)30-18)12-15-31-13-10-21(11-14-31)25(19-2-6-22(28)7-3-19)20-4-8-23(29)9-5-20/h2-9,16-17H,10-15H2,1H3 ☒N
  • Key:JUQLTPCYUFPYKE-UHFFFAOYSA-N ☒N
 ☒NcheckY (what is this?)  (verify)

Ritanserin, also known by its developmental code name R-55667, is a serotonin antagonist medication described as an anxiolytic, antidepressant, antiparkinsonian agent, and antihypertensive agent.[1][2][3] It was never marketed for medical use due to safety problems but has been used in scientific research to study the serotonin system.[2][4]

Pharmacology[edit]

Pharmacodynamics[edit]

Ritanserin acts as a selective 5-HT2A (Ki = 0.45 nM) and 5-HT2C receptor (Ki = 0.71 nM) antagonist.[5][6] It has relatively low affinity for the H1, D2, α1-adrenergic, and α2-adrenergic receptors (39-, 77-, 107-, and 166-fold lower relative to 5-HT2A, respectively).[6] The affinity of ritanserin for the 5-HT1A receptor is less than 1 μM.[6] In addition to its affinity for the 5-HT2A and 5-HT2C receptors, ritanserin also binds to and antagonizes the 5-HT1D, 5-HT2B, 5-HT5A, 5-HT6, and 5-HT7 receptors.[7]

History[edit]

The atypical antipsychotic risperidone was developed from ritanserin.[8]

Society and culture[edit]

Names[edit]

Ritanserin is the generic name of the drug and its INN, USAN, and BAN.[2][1] It is also known by its developmental code name R-55667.[1]

Availability[edit]

Ritanserin was never approved or marketed for medical use.[9][10][4]

Research[edit]

Ritanserin was tested in clinical trials for depression,[3] anxiety, schizophrenia,[5] and migraine.[11] It was also found to improve sleep in human volunteers.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c J. Elks, ed. (14 November 2014). The Dictionary of Drugs: Chemical Data: Chemical Data, Structures and Bibliographies. Springer. p. 411. ISBN 978-1-4757-2085-3. OCLC 1058412474.
  2. ^ a b c Dr. Ian Morton; I.K. Morton; Judith M. Hall (31 October 1999). Concise Dictionary of Pharmacological Agents: Properties and Synonyms. Springer Science & Business Media. pp. 249–. ISBN 978-0-7514-0499-9.
  3. ^ a b Jonathan Edward Alpert (14 May 2014). Jonathan Edward Alpert; Maurizio Fava (eds.). Handbook of Chronic Depression: Diagnosis and Therapeutic Management. CRC Press. pp. 117–. ISBN 978-0-8247-5660-4.
  4. ^ a b c Atkin T, Comai S, Gobbi G (April 2018). "Drugs for Insomnia beyond Benzodiazepines: Pharmacology, Clinical Applications, and Discovery". Pharmacol Rev. 70 (2): 197–245. doi:10.1124/pr.117.014381. PMID 29487083. S2CID 3578916.
  5. ^ a b Akhondzadeh S, Malek-Hosseini M, Ghoreishi A, Raznahan M, Rezazadeh SA (September 2008). "Effect of ritanserin, a 5HT2A/2C antagonist, on negative symptoms of schizophrenia: A double-blind randomized placebo-controlled study". Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry. 32 (8): 1879–83. doi:10.1016/j.pnpbp.2008.08.020. PMID 18801405. S2CID 12270281.
  6. ^ a b c Leysen JE, Gommeren W, Van Gompel P, Wynants J, Janssen PF, Laduron PM (1985). "Receptor-binding properties in vitro and in vivo of ritanserin: A very potent and long acting serotonin-S2 antagonist". Mol Pharmacol. 27 (6): 600–11. PMID 2860558.
  7. ^ Harmful Non-Indigenous Species in the United States. DIANE Publishing. 1 February 1993. pp. 361–. ISBN 978-0-7881-0441-1.
  8. ^ Bentham Science Publishers (May 1994). Current Medicinal Chemistry. Bentham Science Publishers. pp. 52–.
  9. ^ "Micromedex Products: Please Login".
  10. ^ Swiss Pharmaceutical Society (2000). Swiss Pharmaceutical Society (ed.). Index Nominum 2000: International Drug Directory. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 978-3-88763-075-1.
  11. ^ Nappi, G; Sandrini, G; Granella, F; Ruiz, L; Cerutti, G; Facchinetti, F; Blandini, F; Manzoni, GC (June 1990). "A new 5-HT2 antagonist (ritanserin) in the treatment of chronic headache with depression. A double-blind study vs amitriptyline". Headache. 30 (7): 439–44. doi:10.1111/j.1526-4610.1990.hed3007439.x. hdl:11380/740716. PMID 2119355. S2CID 25781431.