Ritu Karidhal

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Ritu Karidhal is an Indian scientist working in the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). She was a Deputy Operations Director to India's Mars orbital mission, Mangalyaan.[1] She has been referred to as the "Rocket Woman" of India.[2][3] She was born and brought up in Lucknow and is an aerospace engineer. She has also worked for many other ISRO projects earlier and served as Operations Director for some of these.[4]

Early life and Family[edit]

Karidhal was born in Lucknow,[5] Uttar Pradesh. She grew up in a middle class family which emphasized a lot on education.[5] She has two brothers and sisters.[5] Her father was in defense services.[5] Lack of resources and unavailabilty of coaching institutions and tuitions left her to rely only on her self motivation to succeed.[5] As a child, she knew that her interest was in the space sciences. Gazing at the night sky for hours and thinking about outer space, she wondered about the moon, as to how it changes its shape and size; studied the stars and wanted to know what lay behind the dark space.[6] In her teens, she started collecting newspaper cuttings about any space-related activity and kept track of the activities of ISRO and NASA.[7]


Karidhal completed her graduation in Physics from University of Lucknow.[8] She passed the Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering(GATE) exam, and got the opportunity to enroll herself in Indian Institute of Science(IISc) to pursue her masters degree in Aerospace engineering.[citation needed]


She has worked for ISRO since 1997.[5] She played a role in the making of India's Mars Orbiter Mission, Mangalyaan, dealing with the detailing and the execution of the craft's onward autonomy system[8] She was also the Deputy Operations Director of the this mission.[4] She is now working in the Chandrayaan 2 mission.[8] She received the ISRO Young Scientist Award in 2007 from A. P. J. Abdul Kalam, then president of India.[citation needed]


Mangalyan (launch of a space craft to orbit plane Mars) was one of the greatest achievement of ISRO.[5] It made India the fourth country in the world to reach Mars.[5] It was done in 10 months time and at far lesser cost to the taxpayers-450 crores only.[5] Her job was to conceptualize and ensure the execution of the craft's onward autonomy system which is basically the brain of the satellite.[5] She had to ensure that it all was executed without any flaw or anomaly.[5]


  1. ^ "MOM has completed a revolution around Mars, ISRO scientist says - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 4 March 2017. 
  2. ^ "India's rocket women". Deccan Chronicle. 26 February 2017. Retrieved 4 March 2017. 
  3. ^ "India's Rocket Women: Meet The Women Of ISRO – Rocket Women". rocket-women.com. Retrieved 4 March 2017. 
  4. ^ a b "Ritu Karidhal - TEDxGateway | Independently Organized TED Event". TEDxGateway | Independently Organized TED Event. Retrieved 4 March 2017. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Ritu Karidhal, the Woman Behind Mangalyaan,Tells the Most Passionate Story of India's Mars Mission". iDiva.com. Retrieved 4 March 2017. 
  6. ^ "8 Awesome ISRO Scientists Who Happen To Be Women". indiatimes.com. Retrieved 4 March 2017. 
  7. ^ "The women of ISRO". VOGUE India. Retrieved 4 March 2017. 
  8. ^ a b c "ISRO scientist Ritu Karidhal's Mars Mission". femina.in. Retrieved 4 March 2017.