Near North Side, Chicago
Near North Side
|Community Area 08 - Near North Side|
Near North Side Skyline
Location within the city of Chicago
|• Total||2.72 sq mi (7.04 km2)|
|• Density||32,000/sq mi (12,000/km2)|
|population up 21.4% from 2000|
|Educational Attainment 2016|
|• High School Diploma or Higher||97.57%|
|• Bachelor's Degree or Higher||78.79%|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (CST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
60611, most of 60610, and parts of 60654 and 60642
|Median household income||$88,651|
|Source: U.S. Census, Record Information Services|
The Near North Side is one of 77 defined community areas of Chicago, Illinois, United States. It is the northernmost of the three areas that constitute central Chicago, the others being the Loop and the Near South Side. The community area is located north and east of the Chicago River. To its east is Lake Michigan, and its northern boundary is the early 19th-century city limit of Chicago, North Avenue. Of the downtown community areas, the Near North Side has the second largest total area after the Near West Side, the highest number of skyscrapers, and the largest population. With the exception of Goose Island and the remnants of Cabrini–Green, to the west, the Near North Side is known for its extreme affluence, typified by the Magnificent Mile, Gold Coast, Navy Pier, and its world-famous skyscrapers.
The Near North Side is the oldest part of Chicago. In the 1780s, in what is now the Near North Side, on the northern banks of the Chicago River near today's Michigan Avenue Bridge, Jean Baptiste Point du Sable built the first known permanent settlement in "Eschecagou." Today this is marked by Pioneer Court.
Especially in the vicinity of Rush and Erie streets, the Near North Side was once known as McCormickville; so named because it is here where many branches of the famous McCormick family of mechanical reaper fame built their mansions in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
- 1 Neighborhoods
- 2 Attractions
- 3 Economy
- 4 Politics
- 5 Diplomatic missions
- 6 Education
- 7 Notable residents
- 8 References
- 9 External links
The Gold Coast consists mostly of high-rise apartment buildings and stone mansions throughout. As with many neighborhoods, its exact borders are subject to dispute; but, generally, they are North Avenue, to the north, Chicago Avenue, to the south, and Clark Street, to the west.
The Gold Coast became the home of the super-rich in 1885, when Potter Palmer, former dry goods merchant and owner of the Palmer House hotel, built a fanciful castle on Lake Shore Drive. Over the next few decades, Chicago's elite gradually migrated from Prairie Avenue to their new homes north of the Loop.
Along almost every boulevard of the Gold Coast, upscale boutiques and shops have opened up. Giorgio Armani, Barney's, Brioni, Brunello Cucinelli, Bulgari, Tory Burch, Cartier SA, Chanel, Jimmy Choo, Christian Dior, Dolce & Gabbana, Escada, Tom Ford, Gucci, Hermès, Lanvin, Christian Louboutin, Marc Jacobs, Max Mara, Moncler, Prada, Yves Saint Laurent, Paul Stuart, Van Cleef & Arpels, Versace, Louis Vuitton, Vera Wang, and Harry Winston are just a few of the dozens of designers that have locations in the exclusive neighborhood. Also, Aston Martin, BMW, Bentley, Bugatti, Lamborghini, Maserati, Rolls-Royce, and Tesla all have dealerships in the Gold Coast.
Old Town is a Chicago neighborhood bounded by North Avenue on the north, Larrabee Street on the northwest, Division Street on the south, Clybourn Avenue on the southwest, and LaSalle Street on the east. It crosses portions of the community areas of southern Lincoln Park, as well as the northern Near North Side, and is part of Chicago's 43rd ward. Old Town includes the Old Town Triangle Historic District which is bounded on its northwest side by the former Ogden Avenue right-of-way, its northeast side by Lincoln Avenue and Wells Street, and on its south side by North Avenue. This historic district sits within the Old Town Triangle Association (OTTA), a Lincoln Park neighborhood bounded by the former Ogden Avenue right-of-way, Clark Street, and North Avenue. It sits inside the community area of Lincoln Park and is part of Chicago's 43rd ward. Old Town north of North Avenue is in Lincoln Park, and south of North Avenue is part of the Near North Side. It is now an affluent gentrified neighborhood. Old Town south of North Avenue has become a mixture of rich and poor with new luxury homes near the remaining CHA Marshall Field Apartments and many planned new developments slated for the area which formerly housed the now demolished public housing projects (of Cabrini–Green) in this recently gentrified area of the neighborhood.
Old Town is now considered an affluent and historic neighborhood, home to many of Chicago's older Victorian-era buildings. However, in the 1950s, most of this area was an enclave to the first emigrants from Puerto Rico to Chicago, who referred to it as part of "La Clark" until commercialization decorated late 1960s shop signs with the name of Old Town. The neighborhood is home to St. Michael's Church, originally built to serve German immigrants, and one of only 7 to survive the great Chicago fire. St. Michael's, Holy Name Cathedral, Immaculate Conception, and St. Joseph's Catholic churches all catered to Latinos with a Mass in Spanish.
Many of the streets and alleys, particularly in the Old Town Triangle section, predate the Great Chicago Fire and do not all adhere to the typical Chicago grid pattern. In 1927, sculptors Sol Kogen and Edgar Miller purchased and subsequently rehabilitated a house on Burton Place, near Wells Street, into the Carl Street Studios. Through the 1930s, an art colony emerged in the neighborhood as artists moved from the Towertown neighborhood near Washington Square Park.
Old Town was home to many gays and lesbians from the 1950s through the 1980s. This was the first "gay ghetto" in Chicago, predating the current Lake View neighborhood. There were numerous gay bars, now mostly closed, along Wells Street, and the neighborhood is still home to the longstanding Bijou Theater. As the area gentrified, the LGBT population moved north to Lincoln Park and to the Lake View and Andersonville neighborhoods.
The neighborhood is home to The Second City improvisational comedy troupe.
Goose Island is the only island on the Chicago River. It is separated from the mainland by the North Branch of the Chicago River on the west and by the North Branch Canal on the east. The canal was dug in 1853 by former Chicago mayor William Butler Ogden for industrial purposes, thus forming the island. Because he formed the island, at times, it has been known as William B. Ogden Island. After Irish immigrants moved to the island, it took on the name Goose Island as well as that of Kilgubbin, which was the immigrants' original home in Ireland. The Goose Island Brewery makes Kilgubbin Red Ale, in honor of this name.
The large facility on the north end of the island (visible from North Avenue, but by car only reachable from the south: Division Street to North Branch to 1132 W. Blackhawk) is the Wrigley Global Innovation Center, a 193,000-square-foot (17,900 m2) facility, which opened in September 2005 and was designed by Gyo Obata of Hellmuth, Obata and Kassabaum. While cars are only able to approach from the south, trains, bicycles, and pedestrians can reach the site via the rail/pedestrian Cherry Avenue Bridge, spanning from North Avenue to Goose Island.. Additionally, there is seasonal access from the north via a Chicago Water Taxi service dock at the south end of the Cherry Avenue Bridge.
On the south end of the island is Kendall College's Riverworks campus.
River North is a dynamic and growing technology-driven neighborhood known for its fine dining, galleries, nightlife, and riverwalk amenities. It is home to the world headquarters of ConAgra, Groupon, Motorola Mobility, and the regional offices of Yelp. It is bounded by Michigan Avenue to the east, Chicago Avenue to the north, and the Chicago River to the south and west. Its famous structures include the Wrigley Building, Trump International Hotel & Tower, Holy Name Cathedral, the Marina City towers, and the House of Blues.
River North was previously named Smokey Hollow, at the turn of the 20th century, due to the many factories and forges in the area. Smoke from the factories was often so thick that it blocked the sunlight. At the time, Smokey Hollow was a major transportation hub, with railroad tracks linking the ports along the Chicago River to the surrounding areas. The now mixed-use Merchandise Mart was once a major storage warehouse for goods, and it still has railroad tracks underneath its sprawling structure. Former major retailer Montgomery Ward also had a major transportation and storage facility in River North. Massive coal bins were formerly located throughout the neighborhood, for storage of coal transported by ship.
Little Sicily in Chicago was also located in River North. The first Italian Roman Catholic Church in Chicago was Assumption, on Illinois Street, with a mandate to be the parish church for all Italians from Lake Michigan to the Mississippi River. Later, Sicilians began to move north from the immediate vicinity of Assumption and began to form their own parishes. Italians whose family roots were from other parts of Italy tended to move west along Grand Street and form parishes west of Assumption.
The Near North Side formerly included the now nearly demolished Cabrini–Green, which was a public housing project that became a haven for crime, gangs, violence, synonymous with poverty, and which once housed 15,000 federally subsidized (mostly African-American) tenants. A small fragment of it is still located within the Near North Side, but most of the project was demolished between 1997 and 2010. It was made up primarily of mid- and high-rise apartment buildings. The apartment buildings opened in 1958 and 1962, while the shuttered rowhouses (called the Frances Cabrini Homes, a few of which still exist) had opened in 1942. Cabrini–Green stood in what once was the former Italian enclave called the Little Sicily neighborhood, and the former site of St Dominic's Church. In the 1920s, Little Sicily also developed a reputation for poverty and crime. As gentrification began to take hold in the 1990s, the buildings made way for new development. The final Cabrini-Green tower was demolished in 2011. Following the conclusion of a long-standing civil lawsuit, this Near North Side area is now in the process of being transformed and revitalized by urban redevelopment spurred by the growth of Old Town to the north and River North to the south.
The River North neighborhood got its name from Chicago real estate developer Albert Friedman (chief executive of Friedman Properties Ltd.), who in 1974 started to buy, restore, and build commercial property in the southeast sector. Much of the area was a shabby urban neighborhood. In an effort to attract tenants Friedman began calling the area "River North". Within a few years, Friedman found photographers, ad agencies, and art galleries willing to rent the low-cost space and to coalesce into what is now the River North Gallery District, which has the largest concentration of art galleries in the United States outside of Manhattan. Along with hundreds of art galleries, the area has many taverns, rooftop bars, dance clubs, popular restaurants, and entertainment venues. Between the years 2000 and 2010, the population in the four census tracts covering River North increased by an average of nearly 82%, boosting population from 9,835 in 2000 to 17,892 in 2010.
Districts of River North include:
- the gallery district, primarily along Superior and Huron streets between Wells and Orleans;
- a theme-restaurant area with many tourist-oriented restaurants, surrounding Clark and Ontario;
- the cathedral district, an area with many new residential skyscrapers surrounding Holy Name Cathedral (Catholic) and St. James Cathedral (Episcopal), which are located near State and Superior, and Huron and Wabash, respectively;
- a design district, with shops and showrooms selling commercial and luxury interior furnishings, in the blocks north of the Merchandise Mart;
- and Kingsbury Park, an area of newly built residential high-rises surrounding Montgomery Ward Park, at Erie Street and the Chicago River.
River North is serviced by four "L" train stations: the above-ground Chicago-Brown and Merchandise Mart-Brown stations and the below-ground Chicago-Red and Grand-Red subway stations.
Streeterville houses some of Chicago's tallest skyscrapers (such as the John Hancock Center); many upscale stores, hotels, restaurants; and Northwestern University's Northwestern Memorial Hospital, Feinberg School of Medicine, School of Professional Studies, Kellogg School of Management's downtown campus, and School of Law. The Magnificent Mile portion of Michigan Avenue is part of Streeterville, as is the number one tourist attraction in Chicago, Navy Pier. The Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago is also located here.
The Magnificent Mile is a stretch of North Michigan Avenue between the Chicago River and Oak Street, in Streeterville. Although actually about three-quarters of a mile, the name "Magnificent Mile" has stuck.
Along this street is a mixture of luxury stores, restaurants, office buildings, and hotels. The area has a high concentration of the city's major media firms and advertising agencies, including the Chicago Tribune newspaper.
The street is the home of Chicago's famous Water Tower landmark, Water Tower Park with its historic clock, and the eight-level Water Tower Place shopping center which grew up next door to, and overshadowed, the comparatively diminutive landmark. The shopping center is anchored by Macy's North Michigan store and The American Girl specialty store. North of the shopping center can be found the famous John Hancock Center, the Art Deco Palmolive Building, and the lavish Drake Hotel.
- Chicago Water Tower
- John Hancock Center
- Water Tower Place
- 900 North Michigan
- Marina City
- Holy Name Cathedral
- St. James Cathedral
- Tribune Tower
- Trump Tower
- Lake Point Tower
- Chicago Children's Museum
- Driehaus Museum
- International Museum of Surgical Science
- Loyola University Museum of Art
- Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (December 2009)
Google's Chicago offices are in the Dearborn Plaza building. Etihad Airways and Qatar Airways have offices in the John Hancock Center. The Wrigley Company had its headquarters in the Wrigley Building before moving to Goose Island, also within the community area, in 2012.
After American Airlines acquired Simmons Airlines, and before Simmons was dissolved, Simmons had its headquarters on the Near North Side. At one point Indigo Airlines was headquartered on the Near North Side. The Tribune Company had its headquarters in the eponymous Tribune Tower before moving to One Prudential Plaza in the Loop in 2017. Potbelly Sandwich Works likewise was located in the Merchandise Mart complex before moving to the West Loop in 2015.
The Near North Side is currently part of the 2nd, 27th, 42nd, and 43rd wards of the Chicago City Council, which are respectively represented by Democratic aldermen Brian Hopkins, Walter Burnett Jr., Brendan Reilly, and Michele Smith.
The area has not had a Republican alderman since George McCutcheon left office in 1971. The majority of the area — south of Division Street — has not had a Republican alderman since Charles J. Agnew in 1923.
|Period||42nd Ward||43rd Ward||27th Ward||2nd Ward||32nd Ward|
|1923–1927||Dorsey Crowe, Democratic||Arthur F. Albert, Republican||Not in ward||Not in ward||Not in ward|
|1927–1929||Titus A. Haffa, Republican|
|1929–1931||Arthur F. Albert, Republican|
|1931–1933||James B. Waller, Republican|
|1933–1943||Paddy Bauler, Democratic|
|1943–1947||James B. Waller, Republican|
|1947–1962||Paddy Bauler, Democratic|
|1963–1967||Mayer Goldberg, Democratic|
|1967–1968||George McCutcheon, Republican|
|1969–1970||Raymond K. Fried, Democratic|
|1971–1975||Burton Natarus, Democratic||William Singer, Democratic|
|1975–1987||Martin J. Oberman, Democratic|
|1987–1992||Edwin Eisendrath, Democratic|
|1992–1993||Rickey R. Hendon, Democratic||Terry Gabinski, Democratic|
|1993–1995||Charles Bernardini, Democratic|
|1995–1998||Walter Burnett Jr., Democratic|
|1998–1999||Theodore Matlak, Democratic|
|1999–2007||Vi Daley, Democratic|
|2007–2011||Brendan Reilly, Democratic||Scott Waguespack, Democratic|
|2011–2015||Michele Smith, Democratic|
|2015–present||Brian Hopkins, Democratic||Not in ward|
In the Cook County Board of Commissioners the majority of the area is in the 3rd district, represented by Democrat Jerry Butler. The westernmost part, including the majority of Goose Island, and much of the southwestern part, including the majority of River North, is in the 12th District, represented by Democrat John Fritchey. Two parts of the area in the extreme south—the respective vicinities of Wolf Point and the Wabash Avenue Bridge—are part of the 2nd District, represented by Democrat Dennis Deer.
In the Illinois House of Representatives the community area is roughly evenly split lengthwise between, from east to west, Districts 26, 5, 9, and 10, represented respectively by Democrats Christian Mitchell, Juliana Stratton, Art Turner, and Melissa Conyears. The southwest portion of the area—the western half of River North—is within District 6 represented by Democrat Sonya Harper, and the northeastern part—the eastern half of Old Town and the northern half of the Gold Coast—is within District 12, represented by Democrat Sara Feigenholtz.
|Years||District 5||District 6||District 9||District 10||District 12||District 26|
|2001–2002||Lovana Jones, Democratic||Not in district||Arthur Turner, Democratic||Annazette Collins, Democratic||Sara Feigenholtz, Democratic||Charles G. Morrow III, Democratic|
|2002–2003||Kenneth Dunkin, Democratic|
|2003–2006||Lovana Jones, Democratic|
|2006–2009||Elga L. Jefferies, Democratic|
|2009–2010||William D. Burns, Democratic|
|2010–2011||Art Turner, Democratic|
|2011–2012||Esther Golar, Democratic||Derrick Smith, Democratic||Kimberly du Buclet, Democratic|
|2012–2013||Eddie Winters, Democratic|
|2013–2014||Derrick Smith, Democratic||Christian Mitchell, Democratic|
|2015–2017||Sonya Harper, Democratic||Pamela Reaves-Harris, Democratic|
|2017–present||Juliana Stratton, Democratic||Melissa Conyears, Democratic|
In the Illinois Senate the biggest portion of the community area is in District 3, represented by Democrat Mattie Hunter, while Streeterville and the southern half of the Gold Coast is in District 13, represented by Democrat Kwame Raoul, Cabrini–Green, Goose Island, and the western half of Old Town is in District 5, represented by Democrat Patricia Van Pelt, and the eastern part of Old Town and the northern half of the Gold Coast is in District 6, represented by Democrat and Illinois Senate President John Cullerton.
|Years||District 3||District 5||District 6||District 13|
|2001–2003||Margaret Smith, Democratic||Rickey R. Hendon, Democratic||John Cullerton, Democratic||Barack Obama, Democratic|
|2003–2004||Mattie Hunter, Democratic|
|2004–2011||Kwame Raoul, Democratic|
|2011–2013||Annazette Collins, Democratic|
|2013–present||Patricia Van Pelt, Democratic|
In the US House of Representatives, the area is mostly within Illinois's 7th congressional district, which is the most Democratic-leaning district in the State of Illinois according to the Cook Partisan Voting Index with a score of D+38 and represented by Democrat Danny K. Davis. Small parts in the north are within Illinois's 5th congressional district, which is represented by Democrat Mike Quigley.
Several consulates are located on the Near North Side. The main building and visa office of the Consulate-General of the People's Republic of China are here. Other countries with missions here include Austria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Bulgaria, Chile, Colombia, Denmark, Egypt, Germany, Greece, India, Republic of Ireland, Italy, Japan, South Korea, Lithuania, Poland, Serbia, Switzerland, Thailand, the United Kingdom, and Ukraine.
Three trade missions have offices at 500 North Michigan Avenue: the Austrian Trade Commission is located in Suite 1950, the Italian-American Chamber of Commerce Midwest is located in Suite 506, and the Trade Commission of Spain is here.
Colleges and universities
Loyola University Chicago Graduate School of Business, School of Social Work, Institute of Pastoral Studies, School of Continuing and Professional Studies, and School of Communication
Primary and secondary schools
Chicago Public Schools serves residents of the Near North Side.
- Zoned elementary schools include Jenner School, Manierre School, and Ogden School
- Some students are zoned to Wells Community Academy High School while others are zoned to Lincoln Park High School
Chicago Public Library Near North Branch
Chicago Public Library Water Works Branch
- Conor Allen, AHL player with the Rochester Americans. He was raised in Old Town.
- Mitch Glasser – baseball player
- Robert Halperin, Olympic and Pan American Games yachting medalist, college and professional football player, one of Chicago's most-decorated World War II heroes, and Chairman of Commercial Light Co.
- Suzanne Le Mignot, television news anchor and reporter
- "Community Data Snapshot Near North Side" (PDF). Retrieved 7 December 2018.
- Patton, Lindsey Howald (November 16, 2011). "You Asked: What is McCormickville?". Museum Blog. Driehaus Museum. Retrieved March 15, 2015.
- "History". St. Michael in Old Town. 2015. Retrieved March 16, 2015.
- Maggio, Alice (2005-05-26). "Ask the Librarian: Goose Island". Gapers Block. Retrieved 2007-05-17.
- Maps, Google (2019-01-14). "1600 N Kingsbury St to 1132 W Blackhawk St - Google Maps". Google. Retrieved 2019-01-14.
- Sightseeing, Wendella (2019-01-02). "North Avenue/Sheffield Stop - Chicago Water Taxi". Chicago Water Taxi. Retrieved 2019-01-14.
- Ihejirika, Maudlyne (October 23, 2010). "Cabrini-Green's last stand: Families prepare to move out". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on March 8, 2014. Retrieved March 15, 2015.
- Zorbaugh, Harvey, (1929) The Gold Coast and the Slum: A Sociological Study of Chicago's Near North Side, Chicago: University of Chicago Press
- Diesenhouse, Susan (2008). "River North: From gritty roots to urban chic". www.chicagotribune.com. Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 2008-07-11.
- "2007 LaSalle Bank Chicago Marathon Runner Information". www.chicagomarathon.com. LaSalle Bank. 2007. Archived from the original on 2011-10-12. Retrieved 2007-08-12.
- "Google Offices". Google. Retrieved July 12, 2009.
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- "Contact Us." Wrigley Company. Retrieved on June 26, 2010.
- "Wrigley to relocate Global Headquarters to Goose Island". Mars.com. Mars Inc. Retrieved 22 September 2018.
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- "Contacts". Consulate-General of the People's Republic of China in Chicago. Retrieved January 31, 2009.
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- "Consulate General". Consulate-General of Austria in Chicago. Archived from the original on July 22, 2012. Retrieved January 31, 2009.
- "Consular Information". Embassy of Bosnia and Herzegovina Washington, D.C. Archived from the original on February 8, 2009. Retrieved January 31, 2009.
- "Location". Consulate-General of Brazil in Chicago. Retrieved January 31, 2009.
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- "Contact Us". Consulate-General of Greece in Chicago. Archived from the original on July 17, 2009. Retrieved January 31, 2009.
- "Home page". Consulate-General of India in Chicago. Archived from the original on 2011-07-15. Retrieved January 31, 2009.
- "Welcome!". Consulate-General of Ireland in Chicago. Retrieved January 31, 2009.
- "The Consulate General". Consulate-General of Italy in Chicago. Retrieved January 31, 2009.
- "Home Page". Consulate-General of Japan in Chicago. Retrieved January 31, 2009.
- "Contact Us". Consulate-General of South Korea in Chicago. Retrieved January 31, 2009.
- "Consular Information". Embassy of Lithuania in Washington, D.C. Retrieved January 31, 2009.
- "General Info". Consulate-General of Poland in Chicago. Archived from the original on July 9, 2009. Retrieved January 31, 2009.
- "Contact". Consulate-General of Serbia in Chicago. Archived from the original on 2008-06-20. Retrieved January 31, 2009.
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- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2017-09-25. Retrieved 2017-09-25.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Near North Side, Chicago.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Near North Side, Chicago.|
- Official City of Chicago Near North Side Community Map
- Streeterville Chamber of Commerce
- Downtown Chicago's Comprehensive Website
- Gold Coast Neighbors Association
- Interactive map of Near North Side
- Chicago Park District:
- Navy Pier
- Travel Essay on River North by Max Grinnell
- La Clark neighborhood and Young Lords origins