The River Ottery (Cornish: Otri) is a small river in northeast Cornwall, United Kingdom. The river is about twenty miles (32 km) long from its source southeast of Otterham to its confluence with the River Tamar at Nether Bridge, two miles (3.2 km) northeast of Launceston.
The headwaters of the River Ottery are within the civil parish of Otterham but formerly came under the parish of Forrabury and Minster. In 1311, the rector of that parish wrote: "..the river Ottery takes its rise in this parish and flows to Canworthy Water and so by Yeolmbridge to the river Tamar."
Hydrology and course
With its tributaries, the River Ottery forms a major sub-catchment of the Tamar system, draining 48 square miles (120 km2) of north Cornwall. The River Ottery's catchment area is within the Carboniferous geological formation known as the Culm Measures which stretches from Dartmoor to north Devon and across northeast Cornwall as far west as Bodmin Moor.
The infant river initially flows north until it reaches the hamlet of Trengune. From here it adopts an east-southeasterly course which it follows to its confluence with the River Tamar.
The largest tributaries to the River Ottery are Caudworthy Water and Bolsbridge Water which join the River Ottery from the north and Canworthy Water which joins from the south.
The River Ottery system was severely affected by flooding in north Cornwall on 16 August 2004 when up to eight inches of rain fell during a single afternoon The Ottery headwaters at Marshgate and Otterham were the most severely affected.
Wildlife and conservation
The Cornwall Rivers Project notes five Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) in the Ottery catchment including the Ottery Valley SSSI which has 33 hectares of increasingly threatened culm habitat and Kernick and Ottery Meadows SSSI, also noted for its biological interest.
The project's page also notes: "The Ottery supports a broad range of wildlife including populations of trout and migratory fish, otters, kingfishers, sand martins, dippers, curlews, snipe and the marsh fritillary butterfly."
The majority of the boundary between Cornwall and Devon follows the River Tamar, and Celtic place-names, such as those including the element tre-, stop for the most part exactly at the Tamar, reflecting this ancient boundary. However, the part of Cornwall north of the River Ottery has few place-names including tre- and far more of Anglo-Saxon origin (such as those ending in -dun and -cot) than the rest of the county. This indicates that the river formed an early boundary between the rump of Dumnonia and the westward expansion of the Anglo-Saxon kingdom of Wessex.
- Source coordinates grid reference
- Trengune (change of course) coordinates grid reference
- Canworthy Water (settlement) coordinates grid reference
- Yeolmbridge (settlement) coordinates grid reference
- Confluence with River Tamar coordinates grid reference
- Place-names in the Standard Written Form (SWF) : List of place-names agreed by the MAGA Signage Panel Archived 2013-05-15 at the Wayback Machine. Cornish Language Partnership.
- "River Catchments - Ottery". Cornwall rivers project. Retrieved 21 December 2019.
- Landranger map sheet 190. Bude & Clovelly. Southampton: Ordnance Survey. ISBN 978 0 319 23145 6.
-  Boscastle village website; Otterham Church; retrieved April 2010[dead link]
-  English Nature website. Retrieved April 2010
-  Met Office report. Retrieved April 2010
- "Ottery Valley" (PDF). Natural England. 1994. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 October 2012. Retrieved 2 November 2011.
- "Kernick and Ottery Meadows" (PDF). Natural England. 1992. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 October 2012. Retrieved 2 November 2011.
- Payton, Philip (2004). Cornwall: A History (2nd ed.). Fowey: Cornwall Editions Ltd. p. 68. ISBN 1-904880-00-2.
- Padel, O. J. (1999). "Place-names". In Kain, Roger; Ravenhill, William (eds.). Historical Atlas of South-West England. Exeter: University of Exeter Press. pp. 88–9. ISBN 0-85989-434-7.
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