List of rivers of Europe

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Main European drainage divides (red lines) separating catchments (green regions)

These are the main rivers in Europe (ecologically, the extreme west of the Palearctic ecozone - which includes Russia in the east). See each article for their tributaries, drainage areas, etc. For clarity, only rivers longer than 100 kilometres (or very significant in another way) are shown in this list. Shorter rivers can be found in the lists by country.

Longest rivers[edit]

Rivers over 250 km:

River km mi Draining into
(tributary of)
Volga 3,692 2,294 Caspian Sea[1]
Danube 2,860 1,780 Black Sea
Ural 2,428 1,509 Caspian Sea
Dnieper 2,290 1,420 Black Sea
Don 1,950 1,210 Sea of Azov
Pechora 1,809 1,124 Barents Sea
Kama 1,805 1,221 Caspian Sea (Volga)
Northern DvinaVychegda 1,774 1,102 White Sea
Kura 1,515 941 Caspian Sea
Oka 1,500 932 Caspian Sea (Volga)
Belaya 1,430 889 Caspian Sea (Volga) (Kama)
Dniester 1,362 846 Black Sea
Vyatka 1,314 816 Caspian Sea (Volga) (Kama)
ElbeVltava 1,252 778 North Sea
Rhine 1,236 768 North Sea
Desna 1,130 700 Black Sea (Dnieper)
Vychegda 1,130 700 White Sea (Northern Dvina)
Elbe 1,091 678 North Sea
Aras 1,072 666 Caspian Sea (Kura)
Donets 1,050 653 Sea of Azov (Don)
Vistula 1,047 651 Baltic Sea
OderWarta 1,045 650 Baltic Sea
Daugava/Western Dvina 1,020 630 Gulf of Riga
NevaLake LadogaVolkhov
Lake IlmenMstaTsna
1,020 630 Gulf of Finland
Loire 1,013 629 Atlantic Ocean
Tagus 1,007 645 Atlantic Ocean
Sava 990 615 Black Sea (Danube)
Khopyor 979 608 Black Sea (Don)
Tisza 965 603 Black Sea (Danube)
Prut 953 592 Black Sea (Danube)
Meuse / Maas 950 590 North Sea
SukhonaLake Kubenskoye
Kubena
941 585 White Sea (Northern Dvina)
Neman 937 582 Baltic Sea
Ufa 918 570 Caspian Sea (Volga) (Kama) (Belaya)
Ebro 910 570 Mediterranean Sea
Kuban 906 563 Sea of Azov
Douro / Duero 897 557 Atlantic Ocean
Vetluga 889 552 Caspian Sea (Volga)
Mezen 857 533 Barents Sea
ManychKalaus 856 532 Black Sea (Don)
Oder 854 531 Baltic Sea//Oder Lagoon
Sura 841 523 Caspian Sea (Volga)
Rhône 813 505 Mediterranean Sea
Warta 808 502 Baltic Sea (Oder)
Southern Bug 806 501 Black Sea
Kuma 802 498 Caspian Sea
Sakmara 798 496 Caspian Sea (Ural)
Sal 798 496 Black Sea (Don)
NarewWestern Bug 796 495 Baltic Sea (Vistula)
Mureș 789 493 Black Sea (Danube) (Tisza)
Pinega 779 484 White Sea (Northern Dvina)
Seine 776 482 English Channel
Western Bug 772 480 Baltic Sea (Vistula) (Narew)
Pripyat 761 473 Black Sea (Dnieper)
Weser-Werra 751 467 North Sea
Drava / Drau 749 465 Black Sea (Danube)
Seym 748 465 Black Sea (Dnieper) (Desna)
Medveditsa 745 463 Black Sea (Don)
Northern Dvina River 744 462 White Sea
Guadiana 742 461 Atlantic Ocean
Göta älv-Vänern-Klarälven 720 447 Kattegat
Psel 717 446 Black Sea (Dnieper)
OnegaLake LachaSvid
Lake VozheVozhega
714 444 White Sea
Emba 712 442 Caspian Sea
Siret 706 439 Black Sea (Danube)
Klyazma 686 426 Caspian Sea (Volga) (Oka)
Po 682 424 Adriatic Sea
Bolshoy Irgiz 675 419 Caspian Sea (Volga)
Horyn 659 409 Black Sea (Dnieper) (Pripyat)
Guadalquivir 657 408 Atlantic Ocean
Moksha 656 408 Caspian Sea (Volga) (Oka)
NarvaLake PeipusVelikaya 650 403 Gulf of Finland
Sozh 648 403 Black Sea (Dnieper)
Ilek 623 387 Caspian Sea (Ural)
Terek 623 387 Caspian Sea
Glomma 621 386 Skagerrak
Olt 615 382 Black Sea (Danube)
Vashka 605 376 White Sea (Mezen)
Garonne 602 374 Atlantic Ocean/Gironde estuary
Samara 594 369 Caspian Sea (Volga)
Chusovaya 592 368 Caspian Sea (Volga) (Kama)
NevaLake LadogaSvir
Lake OnegaSuna
578 361 Gulf of Finland
Vaga 575 357 White Sea (Northern Dvina)
Ik 571 355 Caspian Sea (Volga) (Kama)
Usa 565 351 Barents Sea (Pechora)
Berezina 561 349 Black Sea (Dnieper)
Kemijoki 550 342 Gulf of Bothnia
Inhulets 549 341 Black Sea (Dnieper)
Kolva 546 339 Barents Sea (Pechora) (Usa)
Moselle 545 338 North Sea (Rhine)
Dal River 542 337 Baltic Sea
Izhma 531 330 Barents Sea (Pechora)
Unzha-Kema 531 330 Caspian Sea (Volga)
Main 527 327 North Sea (Rhine)
Torne 522 324 Gulf of Bothnia
Inn 517 321 Black Sea (Danube)
Marne 514 319 English Channel (Seine)
Neris/Viliya 510 320 Baltic Sea (Neman River)
Shapkina (de; ru) 499 310 Barents Sea (Pechora)
Júcar 498 309 Mediterranean Sea
Styr 494 307 Black Sea (Dnieper) (Pripyat)
DrinaTara 487 303 Black Sea (Danube) (Sava)
Narew 484 301 Baltic Sea (Vistula)
Dordogne 482 300 Atlantic Ocean/Gironde estuary
Lot 481 299 Atlantic Ocean (Garonne)
Maritsa/Evros 480 298 Aegean Sea
Mur 480 298 Black Sea (Danube) (Drava)
Saône 473 294 Mediterranean Sea (Rhône)
TanaAnarjohka 472 293 Barents Sea/Tanafjord
Ume River 467 290 Gulf of Bothnia
Vorskla 464 288 Black Sea (Dnieper)
Ångerman 463 288 Baltic sea
Lule River 461 287 Baltic Sea
Kalix River 461 287 Gulf of Bothnia
Gauja 460 286 Gulf of Riga
Mologa 456 283 Caspian Sea (Volga)
Doubs 453 281 Mediterranean Sea (Rhône) (Saône)
Vindel River 453 281 Baltic Sea (Ume River)
Weser 452 281 North Sea
Gauja 452 281 Baltic Sea
Sluch 451 280 Black Sea (Dnieper) (Pripyat) (Horyn)
San 443 275 Baltic Sea (Vistula)
Ljusnan 443 275 Gulf of Bothnia
Skellefte River 440 273 Gulf of Bothnia
Oskol/Oskil 436 271 Sea of Azov (Don) (Donets)
Indal River 430 267 Gulf of Bothnia
Velikaya 430 267 Gulf of Finland (Narva) (Lake Peipus)
Vltava 430 267 North Sea (Elbe)
Ponoy River 426 265 White Sea
Unzha 426 265 Caspian Sea (Volga)
Allier 421 262 Atlantic Ocean (Loire)
Ptsich 421 262 Black Sea (Dnieper) (Pripyat)
Ialomița 417 259 Black Sea (Danube)
Struma 415 258 Aegean Sea
Saale 413 257 North Sea (Elbe)
Ilych 411 255 Barents Sea (Pechora)
Adige 410 255 Adriatic Sea
Tiber 406 254 Mediterranean
Váh 406 252 Black Sea (Danube)
Pite River 402 250 Gulf of Bothnia
Spree c.400 c.250 North Sea (Elbe) (Havel)
Faxälven 399 248 Baltic Sea (Ångerman)
Ljungan 399 248 Baltic Sea
Rába/Raab 398 247 Danube
Tundzha 390 242 Aegean Sea (Maritsa)
Vardar 388 241 Aegean Sea
Someș 388 241 Black Sea (Danube) (Tisza)
Noteć 388 241 Baltic Sea (Oder) (Warta)
Charente 381 237 Atlantic Ocean
Tarn 381 237 Atlantic Ocean (Garonne)
PaatsjokiIvalojoki 380 236 Barents Sea
Muonionjoki 380 236 Baltic Sea (Torne)
Ems 371 231 North Sea
Iijoki 370 230 Gulf of Bothnia
Cher 368 229 Atlantic Ocean (Loire)
Iskar 368 228 Black Sea (Danube)
Kubena 368 228 White Sea (Northern Dvina) (Sukhona River)
Neckar 367 228 North Sea (Rhine)
KörösCrișul Alb 365 227 Black Sea (Danube) (Tisza)
Sula 365 227 Black Sea (Dnieper)
Teteriv 365 227 Black Sea (Dnieper)
Pyoza 363 226 White Sea (Mezen)
Vienne 363 226 Atlantic Ocean (Loire)
River Shannon 361 224 Atlantic Ocean
Tana 361 224 Barents Sea/Tanafjord
Scheldt 360 224 North Sea
PaatsjokiLake InariIvalo 360 224 Barents Sea/Varangerfjord
Genil 358 222 Atlantic Ocean (Guadalquivir)
VormaMjøsa
Gudbrandsdalslågen
358 222 Skagerrak (Glomma)
Aisne 356 221 English Channel (Seine) (Oise)
Inhul 354 220 Black Sea (Southern Bug)
Kostroma 354 220 Caspian Sea (Volga)
Morava 354 220 Black Sea (Danube)
River Severn 354 220 Atlantic Ocean
Numedalslågen 352 219 Skagerrak
Alazani 351 218 Caspian Sea (Kura)
Argeș 350 217 Black Sea (Danube)
Kuloy 350 217 White Sea
Minho 350 217 Atlantic Ocean
Oril 346 215 Black Sea (Dnieper)
Ros 346 215 Black Sea (Dnieper)
Thames 346 215 North Sea
Drina 346 215 Black Sea (Danube) (Sava)
Venta 346 215 Baltic Sea
Oise 341 212 English Channel (Seine)
Jiu 339 211 Black Sea (Danube)
Timiș 339 211 Black Sea (Danube)
SulakAndi Koysu 336 209 Caspian Sea
Drin 335 208 Adriatic Sea
Rioni 327 203 Black Sea
Svislach 327 203 Black Sea (Dnieper) (Berezina)
Uday 327 203 Black Sea (Dnieper) (Sula)
Havel 325 202 North Sea (Elbe)
Segura 325 202 Mediterranean Sea
Adour 324 201 Atlantic Ocean
Durance 324 201 Mediterranean Sea (Rhône)
Luga River 324 201 Gulf of Finland
Vovcha 323 201 Black Sea (Dnieper) (Samara)
Haliacmon 322 200 Aegean Sea
Iori 320 199 Caspian Sea (Kura)
Samara 320 199 Black Sea (Dnieper)
Loir 317 197 Atlantic Ocean (Loire) (Maine) (Sarthe)
Ohře/Eger 316 196 North Sea (Elbe)
Västerdal River 315 196 Baltic Sea (Dal River)
Adda 313 194 Adriatic Sea (Po)
Sarthe 313 194 Atlantic Ocean (Loire) (Maine)
Yeya 311 193 Sea of Azov
LielupeNemunėlis/Mēmele 310 192 Gulf of Riga
Drammenselva 308 191 Skagerrak/Drammensfjord
Khorol 308 191 Black Sea (Dnieper) (Psel)
West Morava 308 191 Black Sea (Danube) (Great Morava)
Norrström 306 190 Baltic Sea
Buzău 302 188 Black Sea (Danube) (Siret)
Ounasjoki 300 186 Gulf of Bothnia (Kemijoki)
Shchara 300 186 Baltic Sea (Neman River)
Werra 300 186 North Sea (Weser)
River Trent 298 185 North Sea/Humber Estuary
Šešupė 298 185 Baltic Sea (Neman River)
Kupa 297 185 Black Sea (Danube) (Sava)
Isar 295 183 Black Sea (Danube)
South Morava 295 183 Black Sea (Danube) (Great Morava)
Ubort 292 181 Black Sea (Dnieper) (Pripyat)
Yonne 292 181 English Channel (Seine)
Aveyron 291 181 Atlantic Ocean (Garonne) (Tarn)
Mulde 290 180 North Sea (Elbe)
Aare 288 179 North Sea (Rhine)
Dâmbovița 286 178 Black Sea (Danube) (Argeș)
Isère 286 178 Mediterranean Sea (Rhône)
Yantra 285 177 Black Sea (Danube)
Motala ström 285 177 Baltic Sea
Tormes 284 176 Atlantic Ocean (Douro)
Bistrița 283 176 Black Sea (Danube) (Siret)
Pisuerga 283 176 Atlantic Ocean (Douro)
Leine 281 175 North Sea (Weser) (Aller)
Plyussa 281 175 Gulf of Finland (Narva)
Oglio 280 174 Adriatic Sea (Po)
Turia 280 174 Mediterranean Sea
Kitinen 278 173 Gulf of Bothnia (Kemijoki)
Ibar 276 171 Black Sea (Danube) (Morava) (West Morava)
Tanaro 276 171 Adriatic Sea (Po)
Esla 275 171 Atlantic Ocean (Douro)
Jijia 275 171 Black Sea (Danube) (Prut)
Bóbr 272 169 Baltic Sea (Oder)
Vjosë/Aoos 272 169 Adriatic Sea
Bosna 271 168 Black Sea (Danube) (Sava)
Indre 271 168 Atlantic Ocean (Loire)
Segre 265 165 Mediterranean Sea (Ebro)
Lech 264 164 Black Sea (Danube)
Creuse 264 164 Atlantic Ocean (Loire) (Vienne)
Aller 260 162 North Sea (Weser)
Lainio River 260 162 Baltic Sea (Torne)
White Elster 257 160 North Sea (Elbe) (Saale)
Aidar 256 159 Sea of Azov (Don) (Donets)
Bega 256 159 Black Sea (Danube) (Tisza)
Uzh 256 159 Black Sea (Dnieper) (Pripyat)
Isle 255 158 Atlantic Ocean (Dordogne)
Enns 254 158 Black Sea (Danube)
Snov 253 157 Black See (Dnieper) (Desna)
Lusatian Neisse 252 157 Baltic Sea (Oder)
Skien River 252 157 Skagerrak/Frierfjord

In the list below, the European rivers are grouped by the sea or ocean into which they flow. They are sorted along the coastline of the seas and oceans. Rivers that flow into other rivers are sorted in orographic order, i.e., by the proximity of their points of confluence to the sea.

Note for additions: please remember to add the city where the river meets for each river.

Barents Sea and White Sea (Arctic Ocean)[edit]

The rivers in this section are sorted east (Novaya Zemlya) to west (North Cape, Norway).

In Russia:


In Norway:

Atlantic Ocean[edit]

On Iceland[edit]

The river Þjórsá with the glaciers Tindfjallajökull and Eyjafjallajökull

Norwegian coast[edit]

In Norway:

Irish coast[edit]

In Northern Ireland:

In the Republic of Ireland (including Celtic Sea):

British coast[edit]

The Bristol Channel:

French, Spanish and Portuguese coast[edit]

The rivers in this section are sorted north (Brest) to south (Tarifa).

In France:

The Loire in Orléans.
The Garonne in Toulouse.
The Pas in Cantabria, Spain.

In Spain:

In Portugal:

In Spain:

Baltic Sea[edit]

The rivers in this section are sorted clockwise, starting from Helsingborg (south Sweden).

In Sweden[edit]

Dal River (Swedish: Dalälven) in Sweden

In Finland[edit]

Aurajoki flowing past Turku cathedral

In Russia[edit]

In Estonia[edit]

Narva River as it flows between Ivangorod in Russia and Narva in Estonia

In Latvia[edit]

Lielupe River as it flows past Jelgava Palace

In Lithuania[edit]

In Russia (Kaliningrad Oblast)[edit]

In Poland[edit]

The Vistula in Płock
The Oder in Szczecin

In Germany[edit]

The Trave in Lübeck

Black Sea[edit]

The rivers in this section are sorted west (Istanbul) to east (Sochi).

In Bulgaria[edit]

In Romania[edit]

In Ukraine[edit]

Dniester river near Ţipova in Moldova

In Russia[edit]

Caspian Sea[edit]

The rivers in this section are sorted west to north-east.

In Russia[edit]

Volga in Yaroslavl (autumn morning)

In Kazakhstan[edit]

English Channel[edit]

North coast[edit]

The rivers in this section are sorted west (Lizard Point, Cornwall) to east (Ramsgate).

In Britain:

South coast[edit]

The rivers in this section are sorted east (Calais) to west (Brest).

In France:

Irish Sea[edit]

The rivers in this section are sorted clockwise, starting from the (Mull of Kintyre).

In Britain:

In Ireland:

Mediterranean[edit]

Western Mediterranean[edit]

This section includes the Ligurian Sea and the Tyrrhenian Sea. The rivers are sorted from west (Tarifa) to east (Reggio Calabria).

In Spain:

In France:

In Italy:

Adriatic Sea[edit]

The rivers in this section are sorted clockwise, from Otranto, southern Italy, to Vlorë in southern Albania.

In Italy:

The Adige in Verona

In Croatia:

In Bosnia and Herzegovina:

In Montenegro:

In Albania:

Ionian Sea[edit]

West coast

The rivers in this section are sorted south-west to north-east from Reggio Calabria to Otranto.

In Italy:

East coast

The rivers in this section are sorted north-west to south-east from Vlorë to Cape Malea.

In Albania

In Greece

Aegean Sea[edit]

The rivers in this section are sorted west (Cape Malea) to east (Istanbul).

In Greece:

In Turkey:

North Sea[edit]

The rivers in this section are given clockwise along the North Sea coast, starting from Bergen, Norway.

In Norway[edit]

In Sweden[edit]

In Denmark[edit]

In Germany[edit]

The Weser near Bad Oeynhausen.

In the Netherlands[edit]

The Rhine at the Loreley
Hotton, view on the Ourthe river and the city church.
The Scheldt in Antwerp

In Belgium[edit]

In France[edit]

In Britain[edit]

Aerial view of the Thames in London
The mouth of the Gaywood River at King's Lynn.
The Mouth of the River Burn at Overy Creek, Norfolk

See also[edit]

Other continents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dècouvre L'EUROPE

https://web.archive.org/web/20060721130302/http://www.smhi.se/sgn0102/n0204/vdragreg.pdf

European countries[edit]