Rivne Nuclear Power Plant

Coordinates: 51°19′40″N 25°53′30″E / 51.32778°N 25.89167°E / 51.32778; 25.89167
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Rivne Nuclear Power Plant
Official nameРівненська АЕС
LocationVarash, Rivne Oblast
Coordinates51°19′40″N 25°53′30″E / 51.32778°N 25.89167°E / 51.32778; 25.89167
Construction beganUnit 1: August 1, 1973
Unit 2: October 1, 1973
Unit 3: February 1, 1980
Unit 4: August 1, 1986
Commission dateUnit 1: September 22, 1981
Unit 2: July 29, 1982
Unit 3: May 16, 1987
Unit 4: April 6, 2006
Nuclear power station
Reactor typePWR
Reactor supplierAtomstroyexport
Cooling towers6 × Natural Draft
Cooling sourceStyr River
Thermal capacity2 × 1375 MWth
2 × 3000 MWth
Power generation
Units operational1 × 381 MW
1 × 376 MW
2 × 950 MW
Make and modelVVER-440/213
Nameplate capacity2657 MW
Capacity factor69.34%
Annual net output16,139 GW·h (2016)
External links
Websitehttp://www.rnpp.rv.ua/[dead link]
CommonsRelated media on Commons

The Rivne Nuclear Power Plant (Ukrainian: Рівненська АЕС), also called Rovno[1] is a nuclear power plant in Varash, Rivne Oblast, Ukraine.

The Rivne Nuclear Power Station were the first VVER-400 reactors to be constructed in Ukraine. As the plant was being designed and constructed it was under the name of "West-Ukraine NPP" however during commissioning it was renamed to "Rivne NPPP".

The Regulatory Committee of Ukraine, during a meeting in Varash, adopted а decision оn extending the lifetime of Rivne power units 1 and 2 bу 20 years.[2]

The power station has four reactors with a nameplate capacity of just over 2500 MWe. In 2018 unit 3, after modernization, received a life-extension license extending its operation by 20 years until 2037.[3]


The plant dates back to 1971, when the design of the West Ukrainian NPP, which was later renamed Rivne NPP, began.

Construction of the plant began in 1973. The first two power units with VVER-440 reactors were commissioned in 1980-1981, and the 3rd power unit, the millionth unit, was commissioned in 1986.

Construction resumed in 1993 after the moratorium was lifted. A survey of Unit 4 was conducted, a program for its modernization was prepared, and a dossier for the construction completion project was prepared. Public hearings on this issue were also held. On October 10, 2004, Rivne NPP Unit 4 was put into operation. The reactor installation of the new Rivne NPP unit belongs to the modern series (VVER-1000).

In recent years, RNPP has been generating about 11-12 billion kWh of electricity, which is 16% of the production at nuclear power plants.

On July 2, 2018, it was announced that preparations for the construction of power unit No. 5 were underway.

In early December 2018, a special train was demonstrated on the territory of the Rivne Nuclear Power Plant to transport waste to the repository. The HI-TRAC 190 transshipment container was tested. After loading, the container will be transported from the Rivne NPP to the storage facility in the Chornobyl zone. The container is 3 meters long and weighs 84 tons. The container will be transported from the station to the storage facility on a special railroad platform built specifically for this purpose. It will be protected from accidental collisions by a "softening" car, and the train itself will be under the control of paramilitary guards.

In early February 2019, it became known that the plant's engineers had increased the capacity of Unit 3 by 10 MW.[4]

On December 27, 2019, the radioactive waste treatment plant (RWTP) was launched at the Rivne Nuclear Power Plant.[5]

On the night of December 12, 2020, power unit No. 1 was automatically shut down. According to the announced data, the shutdown occurred as a result of the automatic protection system response due to the shutdown of one of the unit's turbines.[6]

In December 2020, the Technical Center for Automated Remote Metal Inspection was put into operation.[7]

The Russian-Ukrainian war[edit]

During the massive missile attack on Ukraine on November 15, 2022, the NPP lost connection with one of the 750 kV power lines. The plant's power had to be reduced, and one of the four units was automatically shut down.[8]

On July 1, 2023, President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelenskyy visited the Rivne NPP and held a meeting of the Supreme Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of Ukraine.[9]

Station Type Net capacity Initial criticality Grid date
Unit 1 VVER-440/213 361 MWe Dec 1980 Sep 1981
Unit 2 VVER-440/213 384 MWe Dec 1981 Jul 1982
Unit 3 VVER-1000/320 950 MWe Nov 1986 May 1987
Unit 4 VVER-1000/320 950 MWe Sep 2004 Oct 2004
Unit 5 (suspended plan) VVER-1000/320 950 MWe N/A N/A

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "IAEA country statistics". IAEA. Archived from the original on 2022-04-15. Retrieved 2022-04-15.
  2. ^ "Rivne NPP". Energoatom. 3 March 2022. Archived from the original on 4 March 2022. Retrieved 3 March 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  3. ^ "Life extension for Ukraine's Rovno 3". Nuclear Engineering International. Progressive Media International. 23 July 2018. Archived from the original on 25 July 2018. Retrieved 25 July 2018.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: date and year (link)
  4. ^ Леонова, Вікторія (6 February 2019). "На Рівненській АЕС вдалося підвищити потужність енергоблока № 3". golos.com.ua (in Ukrainian).
  5. ^ "На Рівненській атомній станції запустили комплекс з перероблювання радіоактивних відходів". uprom.info/. Національний промисловий портал. 2020-01-07. Retrieved 8 January 2020.
  6. ^ "Відключено від мережі енергоблок №1 РАЕС". energoatom.com.ua. Енергоатом. 2020-12-12. Archived from the original on 2020-12-12. Retrieved 12 December 2020.
  7. ^ "RNPP - На РАЕС запрацював перший в атомній галузі країни технічний центр контролю металу". www.rnpp.rv.ua. Retrieved 2021-03-22.
  8. ^ "МАГАТЕ: Через ракетну атаку росіян постраждали дві українські АЕС". Українська Правда. 2022-11-17.
  9. ^ Президент відвідав Рівненську АЕС і провів засідання Ставки Верховного Головнокомандувача. 01.07.2023, 21:06
  10. ^ "Рівненська Атомна Електростанція" [Rivne Nuclear Power Plant]. Rivne Nuclear Power Plant (in Ukrainian). Energoatom. Archived from the original on 4 March 2022. Retrieved 15 April 2022.

External links[edit]