Rivoli 1797 Campaign Order of Battle

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In the Battle of Rivoli on 14 and 15 January 1797, the French Army of Italy led by Napoleon Bonaparte crushed the main Austrian army led by Jozsef Alvinczi. The battle occurred during the fourth Austrian attempt to relieve the Siege of Mantua. After crippling Alvinczi's army on the 14th, Bonaparte left Barthélemy Joubert and Gabriel Rey to finish off the Austrians and raced south with André Masséna to deal with a relief column led by Giovanni di Provera. On 16 January, Masséna, Pierre Augereau, and Jean Sérurier trapped Provera near the Mantua siege lines and forced his surrender.

France[edit]

  • Army of Italy: Napoleon Bonaparte (48,610)[1][2]
    • Division: André Masséna (8,851 including 2 cavalry regiments)
      • Brigade: Jean-Charles Monnier
        • 18th Demi-Brigade (1,604)
        • 32nd Demi-Brigade (1,848)
      • Brigade: Guillaume Brune
        • 75th Demi-Brigade (2,373)
        • 25th Demi-Brigade (1,226)
      • Brigade: Charles Leclerc
        • 1st Cavalry Regiment (216)
        • 15th Dragoon Regiment (203)
        • 18th Light Infantry Demi-Brigade (1,150)
      • Artillery: 6 guns
    • Division: Pierre Augereau (8,665 including 4 cavalry regiments)
    • Division: Barthélemy Joubert (10,250 including 1 cavalry regiment)
      • Brigade: Honoré Vial
        • 4th Light Infantry Demi-Brigade (792)
        • 17th Light Infantry Demi-Brigade (784)
        • 22nd Light Infantry Demi-Brigade (1,332)
      • Brigade: Claude Lebley
        • 29th Light Infantry Brigade (1,258)
        • 33rd Demi-Brigade (1,965)
        • 85th Demi-Brigade (1,386)
      • Brigade: Thomas Sandos
        • 14th Demi-Brigade (1,358)
        • 39th Demi-Brigade (978)
        • 22nd Light Cavalry Regiment (205)
      • Artillery: 12 guns
    • Division: Gabriel Rey (4,156 including 2 cavalry regiments)
      • Brigade: Antoine Veaux
        • 8th Dragoon Regiment (207)
        • 12th Light Infantry Demi-Brigade (529)
      • Brigade: Louis Baraguey d'Hilliers
        • 59th Demi-Brigade (2,814)
        • 11th Light Infantry Demi-Brigade (254)
      • Brigade: Joachim Murat
        • Guides Regiment (322)
      • Artillery: 6 guns
    • Division: Jean Sérurier (10,230 including 2 cavalry regiments)
      • Alexandre Dumas and Claude Dallemagne each led small divisions under the supervision of Sérurier. It is unknown which brigades were assigned to each division.
      • Brigade: Jean Davin
      • Brigade: Sextius Miollis
      • Brigade: André Monleau
      • Brigade: Emmanuel de Serviez
      • Brigade: Jean de La Salcette
    • Reserve: Bonaparte

Austria[edit]

Key[edit]

  • FM: Feldmarschall, army commander
  • FZM: Feldzeugmeister, army or corps commander
  • FML: Feldmarschal-Leutnant, corps or division commander
  • GM: General-major, brigade commander
  • OB: Oberst or colonel
  • bns: infantry battalions
  • coys: light infantry companies
  • sqns: cavalry squadrons

References[edit]

  • Boycott-Brown, Martin. The Road to Rivoli: Napoleon's First Campaign. London: Cassell, 2001. ISBN 0-304-35305-1
  • Chandler, David. Dictionary of the Napoleonic Wars. New York: Macmillan, 1979. ISBN 0-02-523670-9
  • Fiebeger, G. J. The Campaigns of Napoleon Bonaparte of 1796-1797. West Point, NY: U.S. Military Academy Printing Office, 1911.
  • Nafziger, George F. "French & Austrian Forces Battle of Rivoli 14 January 1797." 1996. Accessed April 30, 2018. https://usacac.army.mil/CAC2/CGSC/CARL/nafziger/797AAA.PDF.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Fiebeger, p 20
  2. ^ Boycott-Brown, p 494-495
  3. ^ Boycott-Brown, p 492.
  4. ^ Boycott-Brown, p 490

External links[edit]