Siemens Inspiro interior design during innoTrans 2016.
|Native name||قطار الرياض|
|Owner||High Commission for the Development of Arriyadh (ADA)|
|Locale||Riyadh, Saudi Arabia|
|Transit type||Rapid transit|
|Number of lines||6|
|Number of stations||84|
|Operation will start||2019|
|Character||Elevated & underground|
|Number of vehicles||586 car|
|Train length||2 & 4 coaches|
|System length||176 km (109 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
The Riyadh Metro (Arabic: قطار الرياض Giṭār Ar-riyāḍ, pronounced [gɪˈtˤaːr ərːɪˈjaːðˤ]) is a rapid transit system under construction in the city of Riyadh. It will consist of 6 metro lines spanning a total length of 176 kilometers, with 85 stations. The project will cost $22.5 billion to build. It is scheduled for a light opening in 2019, and the full network is expected to be fully operational in 2021.
Estimates suggest that the number of Riyadh's population will grow from about 6 million to more than 8.5 million over the next 10 years. In June 2013, a shortlist of 3 major global consortia was chosen to build the metro. Contracts were awarded in July 2013, with construction planned to start in 2014 and take 4 years. The groundbreaking ceremony was celebrated on April 4, 2014, with an opening now projected for 2019. It is currently being built by construction companies including Bechtel, Almabani General Contractors, FCC, Strukton, Salini Impregilo, Larsen and Toubro, Samsung and Nesma.
The new project is expected to be the centerpiece of the city's public transport system, integrated with an 85-kilometre (53 mi) three-line bus rapid transit (BRT) network. The project will contribute to reducing the number of car trips by nearly 250 thousand trips a day, equivalent to 400 thousand liters of fuel per day, thus reducing the air pollutant emissions in the city. It is expected that the capacity of the project will reach 3.6 million passengers a day.
In February 2018, Riyadh governor, Prince Faisal Bin Bandar, stated that 68% of the project has been finished and that the metro will go Demo Run in late September 2018. In March of 2018, the Saudi economy minister Mohammad Al Tuwaijri commented at the Saudi-UK CIO Forum in London that a soft opening is planned for 2019 and the full availability of the system is expected in 2021.
The transit system is planned to have 85 train stations, including a number of interchange stations. Naming rights for 15 out of the 85 stations are planned to be awarded by the Arriyadh Development Authority (ADA). These rights include space for shops and advertising within the stations.
The vehicles and stations are powered by cameras ,early warning systems, and communication systems that are directly connected to the main control center. The main stations are characterized by monorail sites designed in several levels. These sites will be air-conditioned taking into account the comfort and safety of passengers. The stations will also use solar cells technology to save about 20% of the power required for air-conditioning and lightning.
The ADA has approved the construction of four major stations' located at the intersection of subway tracks and buses that had fulfilled the designs of the metro security requirements and safety of passengers and facilities project.
Olaya metro station is one of the three main transportation stations in the Riyadh Metro. Gerber Architekten won the competition for the metro station in 2012. Construction started in 2014 and planned to be completed in 2019. This station will allow access for Line 1 and Line 2 trains. The gross floor area (GFA) is about 97,000 m2. It is located on the intersection of King Abdullah Road with King Fahad Road and Olaya Street. Its design proposes the idea of Public gardens that extend over the entire area of the station. Metro customers are invited to use the public gardens. The gardens are characterized by palm trees erected on top of the station, designated picnic areas ,and WiFi coverage. Stairs,lifts, and escalators connect all the levels allowing access to everyone including people with special needs. There is also a public parking located underneath the plaza.
The station covers an area of 12,500 m2.The station is located on the land currently used for the Central Vegetable Market of Al-Suwaidi Al-Gharbi. The station will be composed of a bus route and a link to Line 3. Omrania & Associates has won the competition to design the western metro station.
The station covers an area of 8.150 m2. The station is located at the east of the Northern Ring Road. It connects metro lines 1, 4, 6, and the KAFD's monorail. Zaha Hadid Architects from the UK has won the competition to design King Abdullah Financial District (KAFD) metro station.
The Metro Project include the following six lines, also shown in figure 1:
|Line Code||Line Name||Line Length||No. of stations||Interchange/Transfer stations||Notes|
|Blue Line||38 km (24 mi)||22 stations||4 stations||runs in the north-south direction along Olaya and Batha streets, starting from slightly north of King Salman Bin Abdul Aziz Street and ending at in the south. The Metro will be mostly underground in a tunnel along Olaya and King Faisal Streets, and elevated on a viaduct along Batha Street and at the northern and southern ends.|
|Red Line||25.3 km (15.7 mi)||13 stations||3 stations||runs in the east-west direction along King Abdullah Road, between King Saud University and the eastern sub-center, mostly on a raised strip in the median of a planned freeway.|
|Orange Line||40.7 km (25.3 mi)||20 stations||2 stations||runs in the east-west direction along Al–Madinah Al Munawwarah and Prince Saad Bin Abdulrahman Al Awal Roads, starting at the west near Jeddah Expressway and ending at the east near the National Guard camp of Khashm El Aan. The metro will be mostly elevated along the western part of Al–Madinah Al Munawwarah Road, then underground in tunnels in the central section of the line, and generally at grade along Prince Saad Ibn Abdulrahman Road.|
|Yellow Line||29.6 km (18.4 mi)||8 stations (3 common with Line 6)||2 stations||will run from the King Khaled International Airport to the new King Abdullah Financial District (KAFD).|
|Green Line||12.9 km (8.0 mi)||10 stations||2 stations||runs underground in a tunnel along King Abdulaziz Street, between King Abdul Aziz Historical Centre and the Riyadh Airbase, before connecting with King Abdullah Road.|
|Purple Line||29.9 km (18.6 mi)||8 stations (3 common with Line 4)||3 stations||follows a half-ring starting at King Abdullah Financial District, passing by Imam Mohamed Bin Saud University and ending at Prince Saad Ibn Abdulrahman Al Awal Road. It runs mostly elevated except along Sheikh Hasan Bin Husein Bin Ali Street.|
The project was originally led by the late Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, former governor of Riyadh and chairman of the Arriyadh Development Authority, and is now led by Turki bin Abdullah Al Saud, the current governor of Riyadh.
Siemens is supplying 45 4-car Inspiro trainsets for Line 1 and 29 2-car sets for Line 2. The first was unveiled in Vienna on 23 February 2016. Since September 2016, these trains are stored at the Nordestbahnhof in Vienna without any monitoring; some of them are covered with graffiti (spotted on 10 May 2018).
Alstom will deliver 69 Alstom Metropolis train sets for line 4, 5 and 6 of the Riyadh Metro. The first trainset was handed over to the ADA in March 2017. Each trainset is 36 meters long and can accommodate a maximum of 231 passengers. Trains are split into three classes - first, family, and single class - separated by glass partitions.
|Line Code||Line Name||Formation & Number built||EMU/Fleet||Manufacturers|
|Blue Line||45 four-car trainsets (180 cars)||Siemens Inspiro||Siemens Mobility|
|Red Line||29 two-car trainsets (58 cars)|
|Orange Line||47 two-car trainsets (94 cars)||Bombardier Innovia Metro||Bombardier Transportation|
|Yellow Line||69 two-car trainsets (138 cars)||Alstom Metropolis||Alstom|
Operating control center
The project includes the construction of an advanced center for the control and operation of the train traffic management to monitor all elements of the system including stations, tracks, facilities, and systems.
The Monorail project will notably use the technology of an automated rail system (without driver). It will also allow the separation of the vehicles from the inside, and the allocation of special cars for families, in addition to providing them with communication services and the exchange of information for passengers.
The High Commission for the Development of Riyadh had concluded, in an agreement with the Saudi Electricity Company, to implement the rails with electric power , which is estimated to be 468 MW.
- "Riyadh metro mega-project to be fully operational by 2021 - The soft opening of the metro will be in 2019". The National. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
- "Three bidders shortlisted for Riyadh Metro project". International Railway Journal. 11 June 2013. Retrieved 9 June 2013.
- "Riyadh metro construction contracts awarded". Railway Gazette International. 29 July 2013.
- "Groundbreaking ceremony launches construction of Riyadh metro". Railway Gazette International. 11 April 2014. Retrieved 17 August 2014.
- "Riyadh metro project prequalification begins". Railway Gazette International. 18 May 2012.
- "AVK fire hydrants in Riyadh Metro - AVK Group". www.avkvalves.com (in Danish). Retrieved 2018-06-23.
- "Alstom delivers first metro trainset to Riyadh". Zawya. Retrieved 12 March 2017.
- "Saudi authority receives bids to name 10 Riyadh Metro stations". Construction Week Online. 5 April 2018. Retrieved 6 April 2018.
- "Arriyadh Development Authority". www.ada.gov.sa. Retrieved 2018-06-23.
- "Olaya Metro Station - Gerber Architekten". Gerber Architekten. Retrieved 2018-06-23.
- "First Riyadh metro trainset unveiled by Siemens". Railway Gazette International. 23 February 2016.
- "U-Bahnen aus Wien für Saudi-Arabien". Tramwayforum. Retrieved 10 May 2018.
- Article on Bombardier website
- Riyadh Metro on railway-technology.com
- "Alstom awarded a turnkey metro project by the city of Riyadh in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia". 29 July 2013.
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