Moscow Rizhskaya railway station
View of the station's main entrance
|Location||Rizhskaya Square, Moscow, Russia|
Moscow metro station:
|Previous names||Vindavsky, Baltiysky, Rzhevsky|
Rizhsky station (Russian: Рижский вокзал, Rizhsky vokzal, Riga station) is one of the nine main railway stations in Moscow, Russia. It was built in 1901. As well as being an active station it also houses the Moscow Railway Museum. The station is operated by the Moscow Railway.
It is located at Rizhskaya Square, at the crossing of Mira Avenue and Sushchyovsky Val. The station is served by Rizhskaya metro station. Although Rizhskiy Station is relatively the least busiest station in Moscow, its connection to Latvia is Moscow's only, and is highly used. On the intersection of two main roads, Rizhskiy is adjacent to a Holiday Inn hotel, a large market, and numerous Moscow apartments and offices. In addition, Rizhskiy Station has some of the best architecture of all the Moscow "vokzals".
The construction of the railway between Moscow and Vindava (Moscow-Vindava Railway) started in 1897. On June 30, 1901 the passenger traffic between Moscow and Volokolamsk was opened. Since the main station in Moscow was not ready at the time, the eastern terminal station in Moscow was Sortirovochnaya (currently Podmoskovnaya). The Vindavsky railway station, currently the Rizhsky railway station, was opened on September 11, 1901. The building, in the style of eclecticism, was built using the project of the architect Stanislav Brzhozovsky. The construction was supervised by the architect Yuly Diederichs.
After 1918, when Latvia became independent, the former Vindava direction decayed, since it did not serve any big cities. In 1930, the station was renamed Baltiysky railway station, in 1942 - Rzhevsky railway station, and in 1946, when Latvia has been already annexed by Soviet Union, it was renamed Rizhsky railway station. Originally, the suburban direction was scheduled to be electrified in 1943, but the electrification of the stretch between Moscow and Nakhabino only occurred in 1945, after World War II was finished.
In 2004, the Moscow Railway Museum was opened.
Trains and destinations
|Train number||Train name||Destination||Operated by|
|001/002||Latvia Express (lat: Latvijas Ekspresis)||Riga||Latvian Railways|
|Russia||Velikie Luki, Volokolamsk, Rzhev, Sebezh|
Suburban commuter trains (elektrichka) connect the Rizhsky station with stations and platforms of the Rizhsky suburban direction of Moscow Railway, in particular, with the towns of Krasnogorsk, Dedovsk, Istra, and Volokolamsk.
Preserved Russian locomotive class O steam locomotive Ov-841 at Rizhsky station
Russian locomotive class O Ov-841 at Moscow Railway Museum at Rizhsky station
Russian locomotive class Ye Yea-2450 at Moscow Railway Museum at Rizhsky station
Russian locomotive class FD FD 21-3125 at Moscow Railway Museum at Rizhsky station
Russian locomotive class TE TE 5415 at Moscow Railway Museum at Rizhsky station
ChS3-45 at the Moscow Railway Museum, Rizhsky station
ER200-105 at the Moscow Railway Museum, Rizhsky station
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Rizhsky Rail Terminal.|
- Старостин, Михаил; Александр Поздеев. "История пригородного движения с Рижского вокзала". Krasnogorsk City Portal. Retrieved 22 October 2012.
- Бржозовский С.А. (in Russian). Модерн Петербурга. Retrieved 25 October 2012.
- Рижский вокзал (in Russian). Moscow.org. Retrieved 27 October 2012.
- Rizhsky station (Russian)
- Latvian Railways (Latvijas dzelzceļš) (English) (Latvian) (Russian)
- Russian Railways (Российские Железные Дороги) (English) (Russian)
- The Moscow Railway Museum at Rizhsky station