Rizza manifold

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In differential geometry a Rizza manifold, named after Giovanni Battista Rizza,[1] is an almost complex manifold also supporting a Finsler structure: this kind of manifold is also referred as almost Hermitian Finsler manifold.[2]

Historical notes[edit]

In particolare Rizza ha introdotto, in modo efficace, la nozione di varietà di Finsler quasi hermitiana. Come ha osservato Kobayashi, Rizza è stato il primo a proporre tale tipo di struttura, poi studiata da vari autori in particolare della scuola giapponese, alcuni dei quali chiamano le varietà considerate Rizza manifolds.[3]

The history of Rizza manifolds follows the history of the structure that such objects carry. According to Kobayashi (1975, p. 153), the geometry of complex Finsler structures was first studied in the paper (Rizza 1964):[4] however, Rizza announced his results nearly two years before, in the short communications (Rizza 1962a) and (Rizza 1962b), proving them in the article (Rizza 1963), nearly one year earlier than the one cited by Kobayashi. Rizza called this differential geometric structure, defined on even-dimensional manifolds, "Struttura di Finsler quasi Hermitiana":[5] his motivation for the introduction of the concept seems to be the aim of comparing two different structures existing on the same manifold.[6] Later Ichijyō (1988, p. 1) started calling this structure "Rizza structure", and manifolds carrying it "Rizza manifolds".[1]

Formal definition[edit]

The content of this paragraph closely follows references (Rizza 1963) and (Ichijyō 1988), borrowing the scheme of notation equally from both sources. Precisely, given a differentiable manifold M and one of its points xM

Definition 1. Let M be a 2n-dimensional Finsler manifold, n ≥ 1, and let F : TM → ℝ its Finsler function. If the condition


holds true, then M is a Rizza Manifold.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b The dedication of the work (Ichijyō 1988, p. 1) reads:-"Dedicated to professor G. B. Rizza, who is the originator of the notion of Rizza manifolds."
  2. ^ See (Ichijyō 1988, p. 6).
  3. ^ The italic emphasis is due to Enzo Martinelli himself. An English translation reads as:-"In particular, Rizza introduced, in an effective way, the notion of almost hermitian Finsler manifold. As Kobayashi observed, Rizza was the first to propose such kind of structure, later studied by various authors, belonging in particular to the Japanese school (T.n.: of differential geometry), some of them calling the considered varieties Rizza manifolds".
  4. ^ Note that there is a typo in the bibliography given by Kobayashi: it is incorrectly stated that Rizza's article was published in 1965.
  5. ^ "Almost Hermitian Finsler structure": see (Rizza 1962b, pp. 271, 273–274) and (Rizza 1963, pp. 83, 90–91).
  6. ^ Rizza (1962b, p. 1) himself states:-"L'esistenza di strutture di tipo diverso su una medesima varietà dà sempre luogo a problemi di confronto (The existence of structures of different kind on the same manifold always gives rise to comparison problems)".