Rožaje

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Rožaje

Рожаје
Rozaje in early spring.jpg
Rožaje is located in Montenegro
Rožaje
Rožaje
Location of Rožaje in Montenegro
Coordinates: 42°50′N 20°10′E / 42.84°N 20.16°E / 42.84; 20.16Coordinates: 42°50′N 20°10′E / 42.84°N 20.16°E / 42.84; 20.16
CountryMontenegro
MunicipalityRožaje Municipality
Settlements66
Government
 • MayorEjup Nurković
 • Ruling partyBosniak Party of Montenegro
Area
 • Town and municipality432 km2 (167 sq mi)
Population
(2011[1])
 • Density53/km2 (140/sq mi)
 • Urban
9,422
 • Rural
13,542
 • Municipality
22,964
Demonym(s)Rožajci
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
84310
Area code+382 51
ISO 3166-2 codeME-17
Car platesRO
ClimateCfb
Websitewww.rozaje.me

Rožaje (Montenegrin Cyrillic: Рожаје, pronounced [rɔ̂ʒajɛ]), is a town in northeastern Montenegro. It has a population of 9,422 (2011 census.)

Rožaje is the centre of the Rožaje Municipality.

History[edit]

Rožaje was first settled in antiquity by Illyrians. Later, during the migration of the Slavs, Slavs settled in the area.[2] Rožaje was first mentioned in 1571 and 1585. The settlement surrounding the then fort was called Trgovište, which it was called until 1912.[citation needed]

In 1797 the Ganić kulla, a defensive measurement of the Islamified Kuči (Muslim members of the clan) who supported Muslim authority and culture, was built. Today the building is the town museum.[3]

Forces of the Kingdom of Montenegro captured the city in 1912 from the Ottoman Empire, during the First Balkan War. It was officially ceded to Montenegro following the Treaty of London in 1913, ending the war.

In 1992, during the Yugoslav wars, Bosniaks of Foča were resettled in Rožaje.[4]

In 2018, a replica of the Sebilj has been completed in the city.[5]

Population and demographics[edit]

Rožaje is administrative centre of Rožaje municipality, which has 23,312 residents. The town of Rožaje itself has a population of 9,567.

Rožaje is considered the centre for the Bosniak community of Montenegro. Bosniaks form the majority in both the town and the municipality itself.

Ethnic Albanians have also settled in the city for many years. The current population of Albanians living in Rožaje rounds up to 1,158, forming 5% of the total population in 2011.

The population of Rožaje from 1981 (as SR Montenegro) to 2011 (as the current republic) is as shown below:

  • March 3, 1981 – 7,336
  • March 3, 1991 – 8,828
  • November 1, 2003 (as SCG) – 9,121
  • July 1, 2011 – 9,567

Transport[edit]

Rožaje is situated on the main road connecting Montenegro with Kosovo, known as the Rožaje-Kula-Peć road (Kula being the border post between Montenegro and Kosovo on both sides). It also has a link with Novi Pazar in Central Serbia. The IB-22 Highway (otherwise known as the Ibarska magistrala) is the main regional road that connects Montenegro with Serbia. It is also connected to the rest of Montenegro by a two-laned highway via Berane, which is some 30 km (19 mi) in distance. The nearest airport is the Pristina International Airport in Pristina, Kosovo which is 116 km (72 mi) away. Podgorica Airport is about 180 km (110 mi) away, and has regular flights to major European destinations throughout the years.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Prvi rezultati popisa 2011. (PDF) (in Montenegrin), Monstat, 15 May 2011, p. 9
  2. ^ "History of Rožaje". Retrieved 28 June 2013.
  3. ^ Darren (Norm) Longley; Rough Guides (30 March 2009). The Rough Guide to Montenegro. Penguin. p. 156. ISBN 978-1-4053-8425-4. Retrieved 10 May 2012.
  4. ^ Human Rights Watch, 2006-Genocide, war crimes, and crimes against humanity: a topical digest of the case law of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia
  5. ^ "Simbol Sarajeva u Sandžaku: Nakon Pazara, Sjenice sebilj ukrašava i Rožaje FOTO/VIDEO". AKOS (in Bosnian). Retrieved 2019-01-31.

External links[edit]