Road signs in Malaysia
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Road signs in Malaysia are standardised road signs similar to those used in Europe but with certain distinctions. Until the early 1980s, Malaysia closely followed Australian, Irish and Japanese practice in road sign design, with diamond-shaped warning signs and circular restrictive signs to regulate traffic. Signs usually use the FHWA Series fonts (Highway Gothic) typeface also used in the United States, Canada, and Australia, as well as New Zealand, although some signs on recently completed expressways use Transport Heavy (cf. the second image shown to the right). However, the new format signs use a font specially designed for the Malaysian Highway Authority (LLM). The font is called LLM Lettering. It has two type of typefaces, LLM Narrow and LLM Normal.
Malaysian traffic signs use Bahasa Malaysia (Malay), the official and national language in Malaysia. However, English is also used for important public places such as tourist attractions, airports, railway stations and immigration checkpoints. Both Malay and English are used in the road signs that are located along the Pengerang Highway (Federal Route ), which links Kota Tinggi to Sungai Rengit in Johor state and Genting Sempah-Genting Highlands Highway which links Genting Sempah to Genting Highlands, which also have Chinese and Tamil on signs.
There are four major types of road signs in Malaysia. First is Warning Signs (Tanda Amaran), second is Prohibition Signs (Tanda Larangan), third is Mandatory Signs (Tanda Wajib) and fourth is Information Signs (Tanda Maklumat).
According to the road category under 333 Act, the Malaysian Road Transport Act 1987, chapter 67, blue traffic signs are used for federal, state and municipal roads. Green signs are used for toll expressways or highways only.
Expressways use letters E-- (Example: )
|Expressway route numbers||E01 – E99|
|Expressway exit numbers||EXIT 201 – EXIT 299|
EXIT 1101 – 1199
Federal Roads only use numbers and digits, for example Federal Route 1 (Example: ). However, federal road numbers can also be added with the FT— prefix before the route number, which is normally used by the Malaysian Public Works Department (JKR) and the Royal Malaysia Police. For example, Federal Route 1 can also be written as Federal Route FT1. There are also service roads off of main federal roads that use letters after its main route (Example: ).
|J32||Johor state route numbers||J001 – J999|
|B1||Selangor state route numbers||B001 – B999|
|N9||Negeri Sembilan state route numbers||N001 – N999|
|SA3||Sabah state route numbers||SA001 – SA999|
|Perak state route numbers||A001 - A999|
|C243||Pahang state route numbers||C001 - C999|
|D12||Kelantan state route numbers||D001 - D999|
|K22||Kedah state route numbers||K001 - K999|
|M67||Melaka state route numbers||M001 - M999|
|P5||Pulau Pinang state route numbers||P001 - P999|
|T23||Terengganu state route numbers||T001 - T999|
|R55||Perlis state route numbers||P001 - P999|
|Q600||Sarawak state route numbers||Q001 - Q999
Q1000 - Q9999
Malaysian warning signs are diamond-shaped or rectangular and are yellow and black or red and white in colour.
Disabled (OKU) pedestrian crossing ahead
Malaysia prohibition signs are round with red outline and black pictogram.
Stop, children crossing
U-turn not allowed
Height limit, usually found below bridges and overpasses
Motorcycle not allowed on this road
Heavy vehicles not allowed on this road
Bicycle not allowed on this road
Give Way sign
Overtaking not allowed
Mandatory instruction signs are round with blue backgrounds and white pictogram. These are also used in signifying specific vehicle type lanes.
Bicycle lane with description (Rectangular)
Speed limit signs
These signs show speed limit on roads.
The construction signs in Malaysia are diamond-shaped placed on rectangular sign and are orange and black in colour.
Malaysian information signs are blue.
Rest and Service Area (found at toll expressways)
Rest and Service Area (found at non-tolled highways/major trunk roads)
Disabled (OKU) parking
Touch 'n Go purchase and reload facilities
Directional and distance signs
Malaysian motorcycle lane signs are blue.
Expressway signs have a green background. If the sign is not located on an expressway but is leading to one, it will have a blue background with green box in it.
Driver location signs kilometre markers
Driver location signs hectometre markers
Driver location signs interchange hectometre markers
This expressway accepts electronic toll collections (ETC) only
Touch 'n Go lane
Touch 'n Go reload lane
Rest and Service area 1 kilometre away
Penang Bridge logo
Gantry signs:- Exit approaching
Gantry sign:- Expressway interchange 2 kilometres away
Gantry sign:- Expressway interchange 1 kilometre away
Gantry sign:- Expressway interchange 500 metres away
Gantry sign:- Expressway interchange 250 metres away
Gantry exit signs
Old format expressway signs
Outdated signs that are no longer in use.
Non-tolled Federal, State and Municipal Roads
Malaysian road signs are blue and used for federal, state and municipal roads.
- Blue with white letters signs for major destinations
- Maroon with white letters signs for recreational places/tourist spot
- Blue with yellow letters signs for street names
- White with green letters signs for spesific places/buildings
- Green with yellow letters signs for government buildings/institution
- White with blue letters signs for residential area
| Federal Roads|
B13 State Roads
Asian Highway route signs
As part of the Asian Highway Network.
Asian Highway route shield
Border signs in Malaysia are green for international and state and blue for district.
International border signs
State border signs
District border signs
Hulu Selangor district border signboard with JKR logo
Malaysian Public Works Department (JKR) Maintenance Border Limit (Starts here)
Malaysian Public Works Department (JKR) Maintenance Border Limit (Ends here)
Institution and building signs
These are other important signs in Malaysia such as government institutions and tourist destinations.
- White with black letters for towns and other settlements.
- Green with orange letters for government institutions.
- White with green letters and Maroon with white letters for tourist destinations.
Tourist destination signs
Malaysian tourist destination signs are in maroon with white and black icons.
Weighing bridge signs
There is also a signs for weighing bridge.
Entry to Weighing bridge
Malaysian Road Transport Department (JPJ) Enforcement Station entry sign
Weighing bridge symbol
Road name sign
Road name sign in Malaysia have many different colours and styles according the local authority to design with them.
Blue with orange letters for road names. This signs usually found at Kuala Lumpur.
Construction/temporary road markings are similar but in yellow.
Centre lines divide the road into either direction.
Edge lines are located at the edges of a road, whether there is a median or pavement or not.
Lane dividers divide road into lanes according to its designated width.
Directional marking consists of arrows and lettering on the road.
Other type road markings
These signs usually found at the bridge.
These signs usually found at the bridge.
Highway concessionaires border limit
Many expressways/highways has a border limit.
Traffic Light codes
Many traffic lights have codes in them.
A normal traffic light code in Kuala Lumpur.
A typical road sign in Kuala Lumpur, with yellow letters for major thoroughfares and green letters on white background for parks and locations of interests. Smaller signs below it show directions for pedestrians and tourists.
A typical pedestrian crossing traffic light in Kuala Lumpur with a countdown display and a pedestrian crossing sign above it.
A road sign near Jalan Yam Tuan, Seremban with yellow letters for major roads and green letters on green signs for hospitals and white on green signs for expressways.
National Speed Limit signboard on Malaysian federal roads.
Some road signs in Malaysia are in English, such as this one near Jalan Beringin in Damansara Town Centre, Kuala Lumpur.
A bunch of Malaysian road signs on Seremban–Bukit Nenas Highway
- Integrated Transport Information System
- Malaysian Expressway System
- Malaysian Federal Roads system
- Malaysian Public Works Department
- Malaysian Road Transport Department
- National Speed Limits
- Automated Enforcement System
- Transportation in Malaysia
- Drive in Malaysia
- Maklumat Mengenai Papan Tanda Arah, Destinasi dan Nombor Laluan Jalan Raya Malaysia Archived 19 March 2009 at the Wayback Machine. Jabatan Kerja Raya Malaysia. Retrieved on 23 August 2008.
- "Jalan Ampang, Kuala Lumpur, Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur". July 2018.
- "JKR Road Marking & Delineation". dokumen.tips. Retrieved 18 March 2022.