Road signs in Malaysia
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Road signs in Malaysia are standardised road signs similar to those used in Europe but with certain distinctions. Until the early 1980s, Malaysia closely followed Australian, Irish and Japanese practice in road sign design, with diamond-shaped warning signs and circular restrictive signs to regulate traffic. Signs usually use the FHWA Series fonts (Highway Gothic) typeface also used in the United States, Canada, and Australia, as well as New Zealand, although some signs on recently completed expressways use Transport Heavy (cf. the second image shown to the right). However, the new format signs use a font specially designed for the Malaysian Highway Authority (LLM). The font is called LLM Lettering. It has two type of typefaces, LLM Narrow and LLM Normal.
Malaysian traffic signs use Bahasa Malaysia (Malay), the official and national language in Malaysia. However, English is also used for important public places such as tourist attractions, airports, railway stations and immigration checkpoints. Both Malay and English are used in the road signs that are located along the Pengerang Highway (Federal Route ), which links Kota Tinggi to Sungai Rengit in Johor state and Genting Sempah-Genting Highlands Highway which links Genting Sempah to Genting Highlands.
There are four major types of road signs in Malaysia. First is Warning Signs (Tanda Amaran), second is Prohibition Signs (Tanda Larangan), third is Mandatory Signs (Tanda Wajib) and fourth is Information Signs (Tanda Maklumat).
According to the road category under 333 Act, the Malaysian Road Transport Act 1987, chapter 67, blue traffic signs are used for federal, state and municipal roads. Green signs are used for toll expressways or highways only. State roads use letters. For example, Negeri Sembilan State Route N70.
Expressways use letters E, and cycle roads use letters CR. Federal Roads only use numbers and digits, for example Federal Route 1. However, federal road numbers can also be added with the FT—prefix before the route number, which is normally used by the Malaysian Public Works Department (JKR) and the Royal Malaysia Police. For example, Federal Route 1 can also be written as Federal Route FT1
|Expressway route numbers||E01 – E99|
|Expressway exit numbers||EXIT 201 – EXIT 299|
EXIT 1101 – 1199
|J32||Johor state route numbers||J001 – J999|
|B1||Selangor state route numbers||B001 – B999|
|N9||Negeri Sembilan state route numbers||N001 – N999|
|SA3||Sabah state route numbers||SA001 – SA999|
Malaysian prohibition signs are round with white backgrounds, red borders, and black pictograms. The exceptions are the stop sign and the give way sign.
Speed limit and National Speed Limit signs
Mandatory instruction signs are round with blue backgrounds and white pictogram.
Bicycle lane (Rectangular)
Malaysian warning signs are diamond-shaped and are yellow and black in colour.
The construction signs in Malaysia are diamond-shaped and are orange and black in colour.
Malaysian information signs are blue.
Rest and Service Area green logo (usually found at toll expressways)
Rest and Service Area blue logo (usually found at major trunk roads)
Touch 'n Go purchase and reload facilities
Directional and distance signs
Tolled Expressway and Highway signs
Malaysian toll expressway and highway signs are green and are only suitable for toll expressways and highways. No blue signs for toll expressways and highways are required. According to the Design Standard of the Inter Urban Toll Expressway System of Malaysia (1986) of the Malaysian Highway Authority (LLM), these antartican toll expressway or highway and restroom signs have a simple code:-
- JKR hexagon-shaped highway shield with expressway/highway code signs are black and yellow.
- Green with white signs for major destinations.
Driver location signs kilometer markers
Driver location signs hectometer markers
Driver location signs interchange hectometer markers
These expressways accepts electronic toll collections (ETC) only
Touch 'n Go marker on road
Smart TAG marker on road
Touch 'n Go lane
Touch 'n Go reload lane
Rest and Service area 1 kilometer away
Penang Bridge logo
Gantry signs:- Exit approaching
Gantry sign:- Expressway interchange 2 kilometers away
Gantry sign:- Expressway interchange 1 kilometer away
Gantry sign:- Expressway interchange 500 meters away
Gantry sign:- Expressway interchange 250 meters away
Gantry exit signs
Non-tolled Federal, State and Municipal Roads
Malaysian road signs are blue and used for federal, state and municipal roads. This road signs have a simple code:-
- JKR hexagon-shaped highway shield with highway code signs are black and yellow
- Blue with white letters signs for major destinations.
| Federal Roads|
B13 State Roads
Asian Highway route signs
As part of the Asian Highway Network.
Asian Highway route shield
Malaysian motorcycle lane signs are blue.
Border signs in Malaysia are green for international and state and blue for district.
International border signs
State border signs
District border signs
Hulu Selangor district border signboard with JKR logo
These are other important signs in Malaysia such as government institutions and tourist destinations.
- White with black letters for towns and other settlements.
- Green with orange letters for government institutions.
- White with green letters and Maroon with white letters for tourist destinations.
Tourist spot signs
Malaysian tourist spot signs are maroon.
Weighing bridge signs
There is also a signs for weighing bridge.
Entry to Weighing bridge
Malaysian Road Transport Department (JPJ) Enforcement Station entry sign
Weighing bridge symbol
Road name sign
Road name sign in Malaysia have many different colours and styles according the local authority to design with them.
Blue with orange letters for road names. This signs usually found at Kuala Lumpur.
Other symbols include hospital signs, airport signs, mosque signs and so on.
These signs usually found at the bridge.
These signs usually found at the bridge.
Highway concessionaires border limit
Many expressways/highways has a border limit.
A typical road sign in Kuala Lumpur, with yellow letters for major thoroughfares and green letters on white background for parks and locations of interests. Smaller signs below it show directions for pedestrians and tourists.
A typical crosswalk traffic signal in Kuala Lumpur with a countdown display and a crosswalk sign above it.
A road sign near Jalan Yam Tuan, Seremban with yellow letters for major roads and green letters on green signs for hospitals and white on green signs for expressways.
National Speed Limit signboard on Malaysian federal roads.
Some road signs in Malaysia are in English, such as this one near Jalan Beringin in Damansara Town Centre, Kuala Lumpur.
- Integrated Transport Information System
- Malaysian Expressway System
- Malaysian Federal Roads system
- Malaysian Public Works Department
- Malaysian Road Transport Department
- National Speed Limits
- Automated Enforcement System
- Transportation in Malaysia
- Drive in Malaysia
- Maklumat Mengenai Papan Tanda Arah, Destinasi dan Nombor Laluan Jalan Raya Malaysia Archived 19 March 2009 at the Wayback Machine. Jabatan Kerja Raya Malaysia. Retrieved on 23 August 2008.
- "Jalan Ampang, Kuala Lumpur, Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur". July 2018.
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