Road signs in Malaysia

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Malaysian road signs at Federal Highway in Petaling Jaya. On the left side is the toll expressway and the highway's green signs and on the right side is the non-tolled federal, state and municipal highway's blue signs.

Road signs in Malaysia are standardised road signs similar to those used in Europe but with certain distinctions. Until the early 1980s, Malaysia closely followed Australian, Irish and Japanese practice in road sign design, with diamond-shaped warning signs and circular restrictive signs to regulate traffic. Signs usually use the FHWA Series fonts (Highway Gothic) typeface also used in the United States, Canada, and Australia, as well as New Zealand, although some signs on recently completed expressways use Transport Heavy (cf. the second image shown to the right). However, the new format signs use a font specially designed for the Malaysian Highway Authority (LLM). The font is called LLM Lettering. It has two type of typefaces, LLM Narrow and LLM Normal.

Malaysian traffic signs use Bahasa Malaysia (Malay), the official and national language in Malaysia. However, English is also used for important public places such as tourist attractions, airports, railway stations and immigration checkpoints. Both Malay and English are used in the road signs that are located along the Pengerang Highway (Federal Route Jkr-ft92.png), which links Kota Tinggi to Sungai Rengit in Johor state and Genting Sempah-Genting Highlands Highway which links Genting Sempah to Genting Highlands, which also have Chinese and Tamil on signs.

There are four major types of road signs in Malaysia. First is Warning Signs (Tanda Amaran), second is Prohibition Signs (Tanda Larangan), third is Mandatory Signs (Tanda Wajib) and fourth is Information Signs (Tanda Maklumat).[1]

According to the road category under 333 Act, the Malaysian Road Transport Act 1987, chapter 67, blue traffic signs are used for federal, state and municipal roads. Green signs are used for toll expressways or highways only.

Route numbers[edit]

Expressway[edit]

Expressways use letters E-- (Example: E1)

Examples Information Number digits
E2
E35
Expressway route numbers E01 – E99
EXIT 253
EXIT 1108
Expressway exit numbers EXIT 201 – EXIT 299
EXIT 1101 – 1199

Federal[edit]

Federal Roads only use numbers and digits, for example Federal Route 1 (Example: Jkr-ft1.svg). However, federal road numbers can also be added with the FT— prefix before the route number, which is normally used by the Malaysian Public Works Department (JKR) and the Royal Malaysia Police. For example, Federal Route 1 can also be written as Federal Route FT1.[2] There are also service roads off of main federal roads that use letters after its main route (Example: Jkr-ft2A.png).

Examples Information Number digits
Jkr-ft5.svg
Jkr-ft24.png
Jkr-ft222.png
Main federal route numbers 001–249
Jkr-ft276.png
Jkr-ft423.png
Institutional facilities federal roads 250–479
EXIT 1
EXIT 226
Federal road exit numbers EXIT 1 – EXIT 99
Jkr-ft1.png
Jkr-ft1-15.pngJkr-ft22.png
Jkr-ft3.svg
Main federal route numbers
(Sarawak and Sabah)
1-1 – 1–59
4-1 – 4–99
1000 – 9999
Jkr-ft700.png
Jkr-ft701.png
Jkr-ft702.png
Main federal route numbers
(Labuan)
700–799
Jkr-ft1123.png
Jkr-ft2486.png
FELDA/FELCRA federal route numbers 1000 – 1999
2000 – 2999
Jkr-ft3214.png
Jkr-ft3374.png
Industrial federal route numbers 3000 – 3999
Jkr-ft2A.pngJkr-ft2B.png Service road numbers --A – --Z

State[edit]

State roads use letters that correspond to each state. (refer here for state letter codes/plate numbers)

Examples Information Number digits
Jkr-ft---.svgJ32 Johor state route numbers J001 – J999
Jkr-ft---.svgB1 Selangor state route numbers B001 – B999
Jkr-ft---.svgN9 Negeri Sembilan state route numbers N001 – N999
Jkr-ft---.svgSA3 Sabah state route numbers SA001 – SA999
Jkr-ftA1.png Perak state route numbers A001 - A999
Jkr-ft---.svgC243 Pahang state route numbers C001 - C999
Jkr-ft---.svgD12 Kelantan state route numbers D001 - D999
MYS blank.svgK22 Kedah state route numbers K001 - K999
Jkr-ft---.svgM67 Melaka state route numbers M001 - M999
Jkr-ft---.svgP5 Pulau Pinang state route numbers P001 - P999
Jkr-ft---.svgT23 Terengganu state route numbers T001 - T999
Jkr-ft---.svgR55 Perlis state route numbers P001 - P999
Jkr-ft---.svgQ600 Sarawak state route numbers Q001 - Q999

Q1000 - Q9999

Road signs[edit]

Warning signs[edit]

Malaysian warning signs are diamond-shaped or rectangular and are yellow and black or red and white in colour.

Prohibition signs[edit]

Malaysia prohibition signs are round with red outline and black pictogram.

Mandatory signs[edit]

Mandatory instruction signs are round with blue backgrounds and white pictogram. These are also used in signifying specific vehicle type lanes.

Speed limit signs[edit]

These signs show speed limit on roads.

Information signs[edit]

Construction/Temporary signs[edit]

The construction signs in Malaysia are diamond-shaped placed on rectangular sign and are orange and black in colour.

Information signs[edit]

Malaysian information signs are blue.

Directional and distance signs[edit]

Motorcycle lane[edit]

Malaysian motorcycle lane signs are blue.

Expressway signs[edit]

Expressway signs have a green background. If the sign is not located on an expressway but is leading to one, it will have a blue background with green box in it.

Old format expressway signs[edit]

Outdated signs that are no longer in use.

Non-tolled Federal, State and Municipal Roads[edit]

Malaysian road signs are blue and used for federal, state and municipal roads.

  • Blue with white letters signs for major destinations
  • Maroon with white letters signs for recreational places/tourist spot
  • Blue with yellow letters signs for street names
  • White with green letters signs for spesific places/buildings
  • Green with yellow letters signs for government buildings/institution
  • White with blue letters signs for residential area
Jkr-ft1.svg Federal Roads
Jkr-ft---.svgB13 State Roads
Old format[edit]

Asian Highway route signs[edit]

As part of the Asian Highway Network.

Border signs[edit]

Border signs in Malaysia are green for international and state and blue for district.

International border signs[edit]

State border signs[edit]

District border signs[edit]

Institution and building signs[edit]

These are other important signs in Malaysia such as government institutions and tourist destinations.

  • White with black letters for towns and other settlements.
  • Green with orange letters for government institutions.
  • White with green letters and Maroon with white letters for tourist destinations.

Tourist destination signs[edit]

Malaysian tourist destination signs are in maroon with white and black icons.

Weighing bridge signs[edit]

There is also a signs for weighing bridge.

Road name sign[edit]

Road name sign in Malaysia have many different colours and styles according the local authority to design with them.

Road markings[edit]

Road markings in Malaysia primarily use thermoplastic and are white. Yellow markings are usually for road shoulders, construction or temporary markings and parking.[4]

Construction/temporary road markings are similar but in yellow.

Centre lines[edit]

Centre lines divide the road into either direction.

Edge lines[edit]

Edge lines are located at the edges of a road, whether there is a median or pavement or not.

Lane dividers[edit]

Lane dividers divide road into lanes according to its designated width.

Directional markings[edit]

Directional marking consists of arrows and lettering on the road.

Other type road markings[edit]

Miscellaneous[edit]

Bridge-related signs[edit]

These signs usually found at the bridge.

River signs[edit]

These signs usually found at the bridge.

Highway concessionaires border limit[edit]

Many expressways/highways has a border limit.

Traffic Light codes[edit]

Many traffic lights have codes in them.

Kuala Lumpur[edit]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Drive in Malaysia
  2. ^ Jkr-ft1.svg Maklumat Mengenai Papan Tanda Arah, Destinasi dan Nombor Laluan Jalan Raya Malaysia Archived 19 March 2009 at the Wayback Machine. Jabatan Kerja Raya Malaysia. Retrieved on 23 August 2008.
  3. ^ "Jalan Ampang, Kuala Lumpur, Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur". July 2018.
  4. ^ "JKR Road Marking & Delineation". dokumen.tips. Retrieved 18 March 2022.

External links[edit]