Roads in Northern Ireland
The main roads in Northern Ireland, which connect well with those in the south, are classified "M"/"A"/"B" as in Great Britain. Whereas the roads in Great Britain are numbered according to a zonal system, there is no available explanation for the allocation of road numbers in Northern Ireland, though their numbering is separate from the system in England, Scotland and Wales.
In Northern Ireland, Transport NI is responsible for all 5,592 miles (8,999 km) of roads. Road users also have the Highway Code for Northern Ireland, which provide guidance on the legal aspects of driving on Northern Ireland's roads.
The most important roads are motorways, designated by the letter "M". The motorway network is focused on Belfast. Legal authority for motorways existed in the Special Roads Act (Northern Ireland) 1963 similar to that in the Special Roads Act 1949 in Great Britain. The first motorway to open was the M1 motorway, though it did so under temporary powers until the Special Roads Act had been passed. Work on the motorways continued until the 1970s when the oil crisis and The Troubles both intervened causing the abandonment of many schemes. The M3 was the final motorway scheme in Northern Ireland and the United Kingdom in its entirety to open.
|M1||Belfast to Dungannon||Via Lisburn and Craigavon, in the direction of Sligo, Enniskillen and Omagh. The motorway forms the main Dublin-Belfast route until Sprucefield.|
|M2||Belfast to Antrim as well as the Ballymena Bypass||In two sections built at different stages, one linking Belfast to Antrim, and the other bypassing Ballymena. The section in between was planned, but never built. Main route out of Belfast to Derry, Coleraine and Larne.|
|M3||Lagan Bridge||Linking the M2 in north Belfast to the A2 Sydenham Bypass in the east of the city.|
|M5||Linking the M2 in north Belfast to Newtownabbey||Forms part of the Belfast-Carrickfergus route.|
|A8(M)||M2 to Ballyhenry.||A spur from the M2 at Sandyknowes near Glengormley to Corr's Corner Roadabout on the A8 north-west of Newtownabbey. Forms part of the Belfast-Larne route.|
|M12||M1 to Craigavon||A spur from the M1 near Derrymacash to the centre of Craigavon.|
|M22||Antrim to Randalstown||Linking the M2 at Antrim to Randalstown. Forms part of the main road between Belfast and Derry.|
The next most important roads are designated with the prefix "A" and a one-, two- or three-digit number.
Less important roads are indicated with the prefix "B" and a one-, two- or three- digit number.
Minor roads can be indicated with the prefix "C" and a one-, two- or three- digit number, though it is very rare to see these marked on signposts or Ordnance Survey maps
The following Euro Routes include sections in Northern Ireland:
- E01 – Larne – Belfast – Dublin – Rosslare – A Coruña – Pontevedra – Valença do Minho – Vila Real de Santo António – Huelva – Sevilla
- E16 – Derry – Belfast ... Glasgow – Edinburgh ... Bergen – Arna – Voss ... Lærdal – Tyin – Fagernes – Hønefoss – Sandvika – Oslo
- E18 – Craigavon – Belfast – Larne ... Stranraer – Gretna – Carlisle – Newcastle ... Kristiansand – Arendal – Porsgrunn – Larvik – Sandefjord – Horten – Drammen – Oslo – Askim – Karlstad – Örebro – Västerås – Stockholm/Kapellskär ... Mariehamn ... Turku/Naantali – Helsinki – Kotka – Vaalimaa – Vyborg – Saint Petersburg
- Roads in the United Kingdom
- Roads in the Republic of Ireland
- Local Roads in Ireland
- History of Roads in Ireland
- Northern Irish Vehicle Registration Plates
- Transport in Ireland
- "Northern Ireland Assembly – WRITTEN ANSWERS Friday 15 December 2000". Retrieved 19 November 2007.
- "How roads are managed in the UK". Department for Transport. Archived from the original on 25 October 2007. Retrieved 18 November 2007.
- "What We Do". Roads Service Northern Ireland. Retrieved 18 November 2007.
- "Highway Code for Northern Ireland" (PDF). Department of Environment. Retrieved 30 March 2010.
- "Conceptions and early history of the motorways in Northern Ireland". Motorway Archive. The Motorway Archive Trust. Retrieved 31 December 2007.
- "M1 Belfast to Dungannon and M12 to Craigavon". Motorway Archive. The Motorway Archive Trust. Retrieved 31 December 2007.
- "Westlink (M1 to M2)". Motorway Archive. The Motorway Archive Trust. Retrieved 31 December 2007.
- "M3 Dock Street to Bridge end and Sydenham By-pass". Motorway Archive. The Motorway Archive Trust. Retrieved 31 December 2007.