Roads in Romania

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Romania's National Road Network

Public roads in Romania are ranked according to importance and traffic as follows:

  • motorways (autostradă - pl. autostrăzi) - colour: green; designation: A followed by one digit
  • expressways (drum rapid or drum expres) - colour: red; designation: DX followed by one or two digits and an optional letter
  • national road (drum național - pl. drumuri naționale) - colour: red; designation: DN followed by one or two digits and an optional letter
  • county road (drum județean - pl. drumuri județene) - colour: blue; designation: DJ followed by three digits and an optional letter; unique numbers per county
  • local road (drum comunal - pl. drumuri comunale) - colour: yellow; designated DC followed by a number and an optional letter; unique numbers per county

Some of the national roads are part of the European route scheme. European routes passing through Romania: E58; E60; E70; E85; E79; E81; E68; E87 (Class A); E574; E576; E581; E583; E671; E771.

In 2014, a total of 85,362 kilometres (53,041 mi) of roads existed in Romania, of which 52,328 kilometres (32,515 mi) were paved and 33,034 kilometres (20,526 mi) were gravel roads.[1]

Motorways[edit]

Main article: Highways in Romania

Development of the overall length (at the end of):

Year 1972 1987 2000 2002 2004 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Length in km 96 113 113* 113* 228 262 262* 304 332 390 530 635 685 710 808**
  • *redone
  • **planned total length to be in use.

Motorways are identified by A followed by a number. As of December 2014, Romania has 687.1 km of motorway in use, with another 193.49 km under construction.[2] In recent years, a master plan for the national motorway network has been developed and many works have begun around the country,[3] which will result in significant changes by 2015,[4] and eventually by 2022.[5]

There are few tolls for using roads in Romania. There is one at the Giurgeni – Vadu Oii Bridge over the river Danube on highway DN2A at Vadu Oii and one at the Cernavodă Bridge, on the A2 motorway, a 17 km long section between Fetești and Cernavodă which consists of two road/railway bridges. Nevertheless, every owner of a car that uses a motorway (A) or a national road (DN) in Romania must purchase a vignette (rovinietă) from any of the main petrol stations or at any post office throughout the country.[6]

Trunk Motorway Route Planned (km) / Built (km) Remarks
A1 motorway
Tabliczka RO A1.svg
BucharestPiteștiRâmnicu VâlceaSibiuDevaTimișoaraAradNădlac –> Hungary 577 / 385 Bucharest – Pitești (110 km), Sibiu – Deva (132 km), Traian Vuia - Nadlac (143 km) sections are operational; works are ongoing on another 72 km between Deva and Lugoj; the remaining 116 km between Pitesti and Sibiu are to be completed by 2020.
A2 motorway
Tabliczka RO A2.svg
BucharestFeteștiCernavodăConstanța 206 / 206 Operational on the entire length; first fully completed Romanian motorway.
A3 motorway
Tabliczka RO A3.svg
BucharestPloiești and BrașovSighișoaraTârgu MureșCluj-NapocaZalăuOradeaBorș –> Hungary 584 / 107 Bucharest Ring Road – Ploiești (55 km) and Câmpia Turzii – Gilǎu (52 km) sectors are operational; Bucharest – Bucharest Ring Road (6.5 km), and Gilău – Nădășel (8.5 km) segments are under construction; tendering are the segments Targu-Mures - Campia Turzii (51.79 km) in 2014.
A4 motorway
Tabliczka RO A4.svg
OvidiuAgigeaMangaliaVama Veche –> Bulgaria ~60 / 22 Constanța bypass complete, between Ovidiu and the Port of Constanța. Agigea – Vama Veche section planned.
A5 motorway
Tabliczka RO A5.svg
BrașovBacău 160 / 0 Mentioned in the 2014 Masterplan[7]
A6 motorway
Tabliczka RO A6.svg
Junction with A1 near LugojDrobeta-Turnu SeverinCraiovaCalafatAlexandriaBucharest n/a / 11 Operational between the junction with A1 and the Lugoj bypass.[8]
East–West motorway
Tabliczka RO A8.svg
IașiTârgu FrumosSăbăoaniTârgu Neamț - Sovata - Târgu Mureș 319 / 0 It will connect Moldavia to A3 Transylvania Motorway . Feasibility studies conducted in 2009-2011; Feasibility studies revision and update contracted in 2015.[9]
A10 motorway
RO-Autostrada-Sign-A10.svg
Junction with A1 near Sebeș – Junction with A3 near Turda 70 / 0 Contracts signed for the lots 3&4, start of work mid-May 2014. Decision on Lots 1 & 2 currently under court review.[10]
A12 motorway
Tabliczka RO A12.svg
Junction with A1 near PiteștiSlatinaCraiova 121 / 0 Mentioned in the 2014 Masterplan[7]
Bucharest motorway ring road Beltway around Bucharest 100 / 0 South Ring Road Motorway (48 km) tendered as a concession in 2013. North Ring Road Motorway (52 km) planned.[citation needed]
Ploiești–Albița motorway Splitting from A3 near PloieștiBuzăuFocșaniAlbița –> Moldova 288 / 0 Planned; proposed for a concession contract.

Expressways[edit]

Planned expressways according to CNADNR (Romanian National Company of Motorways and National Roads):[7][11]

Expressway Route Length (km) / in use (km) Remarks
DE1 LugojDrobeta-Turnu SeverinCraiova 246 / 0 will connect A6 and A12
DE4 TurdaCluj-Napoca - Baia Mare - Ukraine 187 / 0 will connect A3 to Ukraine
DE5 BuzăuFocșani - Bacău - Suceava - Ukraine 352 / 0
DE5A SuceavaBotoșani 30 / 0
DE5B BacăuPiatra Neamț 53 / 0
DE6 BrașovPitești 119 / 0 will connect A3 to A1
DE7 GăeștiPloieștiBuzăuBrăilaGalați 270 / 0
DE7A BrăilaFocșani 108 / 0 will connect DE7 and DE5
DE8 ConstanțaTulceaBrăila 186 / 0 will connect A4 and DE7

European routes[edit]

Class A[edit]

Map or European routes through Romania

Class B[edit]

National roads[edit]

There is a total of 17,272 kilometres (10,732 mi) of National Roads (DN).[1] Seven one-digit national roads start off in Bucharest in a radial pattern.[2]

Truck roads[edit]

National Road Route Length (km) European System Remarks
DN1
RO Roadsign 1.svg
BucharestPloieștiBrașovFăgărașSibiuAlba IuliaTurdaCluj-NapocaOradeaBorș –> Hungary 642
E60
(Bucharest – Brașov);
E68
(Brașov – Tălmaciu); E68/E81 (Tălmaciu – Sebeș);
E81
(Sebeș – Turda); E60/E81 (Turda – Cluj-Napoca);
E60
(Cluj-Napoca – Oradea)
Partially four-lane road.
Probably the busiest truckroad in Romania and one of the longest. The road serves as one of the main routes linking the capital with Transylvania and the western border and comprises numerous sections of European roads.
DN1C
RO Roadsign 1C.svg
Cluj-NapocaApahidaGherlaDejBaia MareHalmeu –> Ukraine 217
E576
(Cluj-Napoca – Dej);
E58
(Dej – Baia Mare – Halmeu);
E81
(Livada – Halmeu)
Four-lane road from Apahida to Gherla. Because of the heavy traffic from the Bosch factory in Jucu, a new bridge over the Somesul Mic river was built near Apahida. Access to and from Cluj-Napoca is granted by a northern 2 lane bypass, built in 2009 to reduce traffic congestion. The bypass is part of the future Cluj-Napoca beltway, and will link E576 straight to A3 motorway.
DN1F
RO Roadsign 1F.svg
Cluj-NapocaZalăuSărmășagCarei –> Hungary 178
E81
(Cluj-Napoca – Zalău – Supuru de Sus)
DN12
RO Roadsign 12.svg
BrașovSfântu GheorgheBăile TușnadMiercurea-CiucToplița 164
E578
DN13
RO Roadsign 13.svg
BrașovRupeaSighișoaraBălăușeriTârgu Mureș 165
E60
DN15
RO Roadsign 15.svg
TurdaCâmpia TurziiLudușTârgu MureșReghinToplițaPoiana LarguluiBicazPiatra NeamțBacău 369
E60
(Turda – Targu Mures);
E578
(Reghin – Toplita)
DN17
RO Roadsign 17.svg
DejBecleanBistrițaVatra DorneiCâmpulung MoldovenescGura HumoruluiSuceava 252
E58
DN18
RO Roadsign 18.svg
Baia MareSighetu MarmațieiBorșaCârlibabaIacobeni 220
DN19
RO Roadsign 19.svg
Sighetu MarmațieiCâmpulung la TisaNegrești-OașSatu MareCareiOradea 234
E81
(Livada – Satu Mare);
E671
(Satu Mare – Oradea)
DN2
RO Roadsign 2.svg
BucharestUrziceniBuzăuFocșaniBacăuRomanFălticeniSuceavaSiret –> Ukraine 482
E85
Partially four-lane road.
Passes by some beautiful fortified cloisters/churches and through some beautiful scenery in northern Moldavia.
DN2A
RO Roadsign 2A.svg
UrziceniSloboziațăndăreiHârșovaConstanța
E60
DN2B
RO Roadsign 2B.svg
BuzăuFăureiBrăilaGalați –> Moldova
E87
(Brăila – Giurgiulești)
DN22
RO Roadsign 22.svg
Râmnicu SăratBrăilaMăcinIsacceaTulceaBabadagConstanța
E87
(Brăila – Constanța)
DN24
RO Roadsign 24.svg
TișițaTecuciBârladVasluiIașiSculeni –> Moldova 220
E58
(Iași – Sculeni);
E581
(Tișița – Crasna);
E583
(Iași – Sculeni)
DN24B
RO Roadsign 24B.svg
CrasnaHușiAlbița –> Moldova
E581
DN28
RO Roadsign 28.svg
RomanTârgu FrumosIașiAlbița
E58
(Târgu Frumos – Iași);
E85
(Roman – Săbăoani);
E583
(Săbăoani – Iași)
Four-lane road.
DN28A
RO Roadsign 28A.svg
Târgu FrumosPașcaniMoțca
DN28B
RO Roadsign 28B.svg
Târgu FrumosHârlăuBotoșani
E58
DN3
RO Roadsign 3.svg
BucharestFunduleaLehliu GarăCălărașiOstrovBasarabiConstanța
DN4
RO Roadsign 4.svg
BucharestOltenița
DN5
RO Roadsign 5.svg
BucharestGiurgiu –> Bulgaria 65
E70
E85
Four-lane road.
DN6
RO Roadsign 6.svg
BucharestAlexandriaCaracalCraiovaDrobeta-Turnu SeverinCaransebeșLugojTimișoaraSânnicolau MareCenad –> Hungary 639
E70
(Bucharest – Timisoara)
Partially four-lane road.
DN66
RO Roadsign 66.svg
SimeriaHațegPetroșaniTârgu JiuFiliași 211
E79
DN69
RO Roadsign 69.svg
TimișoaraArad
E671
DN7
RO Roadsign 7.svg
BucharestGăeștiPiteștiRâmnicu VâlceaSibiuDevaAradNădlac –> Hungary 597
E81
(Bucharest – Talmaciu); E58/E81/overlap with DN1 (Talmaciu – Sebes);
E68
(Sebes – Nadlac)
Partially four-lane road.
Heading north from Ramnicu Valcea to Sibiu, the trunkroad passes along the beautiful Olt River Valley.
DN76
RO Roadsign 76.svg
DevaBradșteiBeiușOradea 181
E79
DN79
RO Roadsign 79.svg
AradChișineu CrișSalontaOradea 113
E671
CB
RO Roadsign CB.svg
Bucharest ring road 82 To be upgraded to four-lane road.

Other national roads[edit]

National Road Route Length (km) European road Remarks
DN1A BucharestBufteaPloieștiVălenii de MunteSăcele
DN1B PloieștiMizilBuzău Upgrading to four-lane road.
DN1D MizilUrziceni
DN1E BrașovPoiana BrașovRâșnov
DN1G HuedinJibou
DN1H NegreniJiboușimleu SilvanieiAleșd
DN10 BrașovÎntorsura BuzăuluiNehoiuBuzău
DN11 BrașovTârgu SecuiescOneștiBacău
DN11A OneștiAdjudPodu Turcului
DN11B Târgu SecuiescCozmeni
DN12A Miercurea-CiucTârgu OcnaComăneștiOnești
DN12B Târgu OcnaSlănic Moldova
DN12C GheorgheniLacu RoșuBicaz
DN13A Târgu MureșPraidSovataMiercurea-Ciuc
DN13B GheorgheniPraid
DN14 SighișoaraDumbrăveniMediașCopșa MicăSibiu
DN14A Târgu MureșIernutTârnăveniMediaș
DN14B Alba IuliaBlajCopșa Mică
DN15 BacăuPiatra NeamțBicazPoiana TeiuluiBorsecToplițaReghinTârgu MureșLudușCâmpia TurziiTurda
DN15A Târgu MureșReghinBistrița-Năsăud
DN15B Poiana LarguluiTârgu NeamțCristești
DN15C Piatra NeamțBălțăteștiTârgu NeamțFălticeni
DN15D Piatra NeamțGirovRomanVaslui
DN15E Târgu MureșSatu Nou
DN16 Cluj-NapocaApahidaReghin
DN17A Câmpulung MoldovenescMoldovițaRădăuțiSiret
DN17B Vatra DorneiPoiana Largului
DN17C BistrițaNăsăudMoisei
DN17D BecleanNăsăudSângeorz BăiCârlibaba
DN19A Satu MareSupuru de Jos
DN19B NușfalăuMarghitaSăcueni
DN2C BuzăuPogoaneleSlobozia
DN2D FocșaniTulniciTârgu Secuiesc
DN2E FălticeniGura Humorului
DN2F BacăuVaslui
DN2G BacăuMoineștiComănești
DN21 BrăilaÎnsurățeiSloboziaCălărași
DN21A Bărăganulțăndărei
DN22A HârșovaNalbantTulcea
DN22B ConstanțaNăvodari
DN22C BasarabiMedgidiaCernavodă
DN22D MăcinHoriaBaia
DN22E GalațiGarvăn
DN23 FocșaniBrăila
DN24A BârladMurgeniBerezeniHuși
DN24C VânătoriștefăneștiRădăuți Prut
DN25 TecuciLiești
DN26 MurgeniMăstăcaniGalați
DN29 SuceavaBotoșaniSăveniManoleasa
DN29A SuceavaVârfu CâmpuluiDorohoiDarabaniRădăuți Prut
DN29B BotoșaniDorohoi
DN29C CucorăniVârfu CâmpuluiSiret
DN29D BotoșaniTrușeștiStânca –> Moldova
DN3A Lehliu GarăFetești
DN3B CălărașiFeteștiHârșova
DN31 CălărașiOltenița
DN38 ConstanțaNegru Vodă –> Bulgaria
DN39 ConstanțaMangaliaVama Veche –> Bulgaria Four-lane road.
DN41 OltenițaGiurgiu
DN5B GiurgiuGhimpați
DN5C GiurgiuZimnicea
DN51 AlexandriaZimnicea
DN51A ZimniceaTurnu Măgurele
DN52 AlexandriaTurnu Măgurele
DN54 CaracalCorabiaTurnu Măgurele
DN54A CorabiaBechet
DN55 CraiovaBechet
DN55A BechetCalafat
DN56 CraiovaCalafat –> Bulgaria
DN56A MaglavitVânju MareDrobeta-Turnu Severin
DN57 OrșovaMoldova NouăOravițaMoravița
DN57A Moldova VecheBaziaș –> Serbia
DN57B BozoviciAninaOravița
DN58 CaransebeșReșițaAnina
DN58A SoceniLugoj
DN58B VoitegBocșaReșița
DN59 TimișoaraVoitegMoravița –> Serbia
DN59A TimișoaraJimbolia
DN59B CărpinișCruceniDeta
DN59C JimboliaSânnicolau Mare
DN61 GhimpațiCrevedia MareGăești
DN64 CaracalDrăgășaniRâmnicu Vâlcea Partially four-lane road.
DN64A Râmnicu VâlceaBăile Olănești
DN65 PiteștiSlatinaCraiova
DN65A PiteștiCosteștiRoșiorii de VedeTurnu Măgurele
DN65C CraiovaRusănești
DN66A PetroșaniLupeniCâmpu lui Neag
DN67 Drobeta-Turnu SeverinMotruTârgu JiuHorezuRâmnicu Vâlcea
DN67A StrehaiaMotru
DN67B ScoarțaTârgu CărbuneștiRusăneștiDrăgășaniPitești
DN67C RO Roadsign 67C.svg SebeșObârșia LotruluiNovaciCiocadia Also known as the Transalpina.
DN67D Băile HerculaneBaia de AramăTârgu Jiu
DN68 CaransebeșOțelu RoșuSubcetate
DN68A LugojFăgetSăcămaș
DN68B DevaHunedoara
DN7A BrezoiVoineasaPetroșani
DN7C
RO Roadsign 7C.svg
Arpașu de JosBâlea LakeCurtea de ArgeșPitești Also known as the Transfăgărășan.
DN71 TărtășeștiTârgoviștePucioasaSinaia
DN72 GăeștiTârgoviștePloiești
DN72A TârgovișteCâmpulung
DN73 BrașovRâșnovRucărCâmpulungPitești
DN73A PredealRâșnovZărneștișercaia
DN73C CâmpulungCurtea de ArgeșRâmnicu Vâlcea
DN74 BradAbrudZlatnaAlba Iulia
DN74A CâmpeniAbrud
DN75 TurdaBaia de ArieșCâmpeniștei
DN79A VârfurileIneuChișineu CrișVărșand –> Hungary

County and communal roads[edit]

In 2009, a total of 35,048 kilometres (21,778 mi) of county roads (of which 24,100 km paved and 10,948 km gravel roads) and 30,162 kilometres (18,742 mi) of communal roads (of which 6,043 km paved and 24,119 km gravel roads) existed in Romania.[12]

References[edit]