Roads in Serbia
Roads in Serbia are the backbone of its transportation system and constitute important transit roads in Europe. Total length of roads in the country is 40,845 km, of which 1,372 km are "class 1a-state roads" (i.e. major national roads, including some 666 km of motorways); 4,153 km are "class 1b-state roads"; 11,540 km are "class 2-state roads" (regional roads) and 23,780 km are "municipal roads" (local roads).They are categorized as: state highways, class I; state highways, class II; local roads; municipal roads.
State highways, class Ia
Roads that are motorways or will be replaced with motorways in future are categorized as state highways, class Ia and are marked with one-digit numbers. As of 2016, there are 666 km of motorways (Serbian: Аутопут, Autoput) in total. Motorways in Serbia have three lanes (including emergency lane) in each direction, signs are white-on-green, and the normal speed limit is 120 km/h.
|Road designation||Route||Road length||Motorway length|
|A1||Border with Hungary near Horgoš - Novi Sad - Belgrade - Niš - Vranje - Border with Macedonia near Preševo||584 km||539 km|
|A2||Belgrade - Obrenovac - Lajkovac - Ljig - Gornji Milanovac - Preljina (intersection with A5) - Čačak - Požega||132 km||12 km|
|A3||Border with Croatia near Batrovci - Belgrade (intersection with A1)||96 km||96 km|
|A4||Niš (intersection with A1) - Pirot - Dimitrovgrad - Border with Bulgaria near Gradinje||109 km||19 km|
|A5||Preljina (intersection with A2) - Kraljevo - Kruševac - Pojate (intersection with A1)||112 km||-|
|Total:||1,038 km||666 km|
Since 2004, motorways network have been under constant expansion in Serbia. There are currently 241 kilometers of motorways under construction which are all due to be completed by 2017: two sections 40 km-long of the A1 motorway (from south of Leskovac to Bujanovac), 102 km-long segment of A2 (between Obrenovac and Čačak), and 70 kilometers on the A4 (east of Niš to the Bulgarian border). Work on the construction of the remaining part of A2 (18 km-long sections Belgrade-Obrenovac) is set to commence in 2016 and be completed by 2019.
Yearly expansion figures:
- 2004: 33 km
- 2005: 23 km
- 2006: 33 km
- 2009: 20 km
- 2010: 5 km
- 2011: 88 km
- 2012: 6 km
- 2013: 29 km
- 2014: 12 km
- 2015: 26 km
State highways, class Ib
Major roads that won't be replaced with motorways in future are categorized as state highways, class Ib. They have one lane at the each direction, marked with two-digit numbers, signs are black-on-yellow and the normal speed limit is 80 km/h.
Some of these roads are or will be partially expressways (Serbian: Брзи пут, Brzi put), such as 24 km-long stretch of State highway 24 between Kragujevac and Batočina and planned upgrade of the section 27 km-long of State highway 21 between Novi Sad and Ruma. Expressways, unlike motorways, don't have emergency lanes, signs are white-on-blue and the normal speed limit is 100 km/h.
State highways, class II
State highways, class II, are marked with three-digit numbers.
State highways, class IIa
State highways, class IIb
- E65: Rožaje, Montenegro – Tutin – Kosovska Mitrovica – Priština – Elez Han – Skopje, Macedonia.
- E70: Slavonski Brod, Croatia – Šid – Belgrade – Vršac – Timișoara, Romania.
- E75: Szeged, Hungary – Subotica – Novi Sad – Beška Bridge – Belgrade – Niš – Leskovac – Grdelica – Vranje – Preševo – Kumanovo, Macedonia.
- E80: Rožaje, Montenegro – Peć – Priština – Prokuplje – Niš – Niška Banja – Pirot – Dimitrovgrad – Sofia, Bulgaria.
- E662: Subotica – Sombor – Bezdan – Osijek, Croatia.
- E761: Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina – Užice – Čačak – Kraljevo – Kruševac – Pojate – Paraćin – Zaječar.
- E763: Belgrade – Čačak – Nova Varoš – Bijelo Polje, Montenegro.
- E771: Drobeta-Turnu Severin, Romania – Zaječar – Niš.
- Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the Brussels Agreement. Kosovo has been recognised as an independent state by 109 out of 193 United Nations member states.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Roads in Serbia.|
- http://www.putevi-srbije.rs/sr/putna-mrea-republike-srbije Archived 17 December 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
- "Uredba o kategorizaciji državnih puteva". Official Gazette of the Republic of Serbia (105). 29 November 2013. (subscription required (. ))