Roads in Serbia
Roads in Serbia are the backbone of its transportation system and constitute important transit roads in Europe. They are categorized as: state highways, class I; state highways, class II; local roads; municipal roads. Total length of public roads in Serbia is 40,845 km, of which 5,525 km are state highways, class I (including 651 km of motorways and expressways); 11,540 km are state highways, class II, and 23,780 km are local roads.
Motorways and expressways
Motorways (Serbian: Аутопут, Autoput) and expressways (Serbian: Брзи пут, Brzi put) are the backbone of the road system in Serbia. There are 628 km of motorways and 23 km of expressways, or 651 km in total.
Motorways in Serbia have three lanes (including emergency lane) in each direction, signs are white-on-green, as in the rest of former Yugoslavia and the normal speed limit is 120 km/h.
Expressways, unlike motorways, don't have emergency lanes, signs are white-on-blue and the normal speed limit is 100 km/h.
As the Serbian word for motorway is "autoput", the "A1", "A2" or "A3" road designations are used since November 2013. All state roads categorized as class I, that are motorways currently of in the future, are marked with one-digit numbers and known as class Ia. All other roads, which belong to class I, are marked with two-digit numbers and known as class Ib. Expressways belong to class Ib, too. E-numeration is also widely used on motorways.
This is the list of roads in Serbia that are or will be motorways in future. ″Motorway length″ represents length of road that is already replaced with motorway.
|Road designation||Route||Road length||Motorway length|
|A1||Border of Hungary near Horgoš - Novi Sad - Belgrade - Niš - Vranje - Border of Macedonia near Preševo||584 km||513 km|
|A2||Belgrade - Obrenovac - Lajkovac - Ljig - Gornji Milanovac - Preljina (intersection with state highway A5) - Čačak - Požega||132 km||-|
|A3||Border of Croatia near Batrovci - Belgrade (intersection with state highway A1)||96 km||96 km|
|A4||Niš (intersection with state highway A1) - Pirot - Dimitrovgrad - Border of Bulgaria near Gradinje||109 km||19 km|
|A5||Preljina (intersection with state highway A2) - Kraljevo - Kruševac - Pojate (intersection with state highway A1)||112 km||-|
|Total:||1,038 km||628 km|
Since 1991, motorways have been under constant expansion in Serbia. Current themes of expansion include the southern part of A1 as well as A4 motorways (both on Pan-European Corridor X), and the A2 motorway.
Yearly expansion figures:
- 2004: 33 km
- 2005: 22,5 km
- 2006: 33,2 km
- 2009: 20 km
- 2010: 4,6 km
- 2011: 88 km
- 2012: 6 km
- 2013: 29 km
New classification of state highways in Serbia entered into force in 2013. Since 2013, they are categorized as state highways, class Ia; state highways, class Ib; state highways, class IIa and state highways, class IIb . Until 2013, classification from 2012 was in use.
State highways, class Ia
Roads that are motorways or will be replaced with motorways in future are categorized as state highways, class Ia. They are marked with one-digit numbers.
|A1||Border of Hungary near Horgoš - Novi Sad - Belgrade - Niš - Vranje Border of Macedonia near Preševo|
|A2||Belgrade - Obrenovac - Lajkovac - Ljig - Gornji Milanovac - Preljina (intersection with state highway A5) - Čačak - Požega|
|A3||Border of Croatia near Batrovci - Belgrade (intersection with state highway A1)|
|A4||Niš (intersection with state highway A1) - Pirot - Dimitrovgrad - Border of Bulgaria near Gradinje|
|A5||Preljina (intersection with state highway A2) - Kraljevo - Kruševac - Pojate (intersection with state highway A1)|
State highways, class Ib
Major roads that won't be replaced with motorways in future are categorized as state highways, class Ib. Some of these roads are partially expressways. They are marked with two-digit numbers.
State highways, class II
State highways, class II, are marked with three-digit numbers.
- E65: Rožaje, Montenegro – Tutin – Kosovska Mitrovica – Priština – Elez Han – Skopje, Macedonia.
- E70: Slavonski Brod, Croatia – Šid – Belgrade – Vršac – Timișoara, Romania.
- E75: Szeged, Hungary – Subotica – Novi Sad – Beška Bridge – Belgrade – Niš – Leskovac – Grdelica – Vranje – Preševo – Kumanovo, Macedonia.
- E80: Rožaje, Montenegro – Peć – Priština – Prokuplje – Niš – Niška Banja – Pirot – Dimitrovgrad – Sofia, Bulgaria.
- E662: Subotica – Sombor – Bezdan – Osijek, Croatia.
- E761: Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina – Užice – Čačak – Kraljevo – Kruševac – Pojate – Paraćin – Zaječar.
- E763: Belgrade – Čačak – Nova Varoš – Bijelo Polje, Montenegro.
- E771: Drobeta-Turnu Severin, Romania – Zaječar – Niš.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Roads in Serbia.|
- http://www.putevi-srbije.rs/sr/putna-mrea-republike-srbije[dead link]
- "Uredba o kategorizaciji državnih puteva". Official Gazette of the Republic of Serbia (105). 29 November 2013. (subscription required (. ))