Roan, Norway

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Roan kommune
Coat of arms of Roan kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Roan kommune
Trøndelag within
Norway
Roan within Trøndelag
Roan within Trøndelag
Coordinates: 64°09′01″N 10°18′09″E / 64.15028°N 10.30250°E / 64.15028; 10.30250Coordinates: 64°09′01″N 10°18′09″E / 64.15028°N 10.30250°E / 64.15028; 10.30250
CountryNorway
CountyTrøndelag
DistrictFosen
Established1 June 1892
Disestablished1 Jan 2020
Administrative centreRoan
Government
 • Mayor (2015-2019)Einar Eian (H)
Area
 • Total374.64 km2 (144.65 sq mi)
 • Land355.17 km2 (137.13 sq mi)
 • Water19.47 km2 (7.52 sq mi)  5.2%
Area rank248 in Norway
 *Area at municipal dissolution.
Population
 (2018)
 • Total953
 • Rank399 in Norway
 • Density2.7/km2 (7/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
-5.4%
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-5019
Official language formNeutral [1]
Preceded byBjørnør in 1892
Succeeded byÅfjord in 2020
Websiteroan.kommune.no

Roan is a former municipality in Trøndelag county, Norway. The municipality existed from 1892 until its dissolution in 2020 when it joined Åfjord Municipality. It was part of the Fosen region along the coast. The administrative centre of the municipality was the village of Roan. Other villages included Bessaker, Brandsfjord, and Hofstad.

A large wind park is located on the mountain plateau just southeast of Bessaker.

At the time of its dissolution in 2020, the 375-square-kilometre (145 sq mi) municipality was the 248th largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Roan was the 399th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 953. The municipality's population density was 2.7 inhabitants per square kilometre (7.0/sq mi) and its population had decreased by 5.4% over the last decade.[2][3]

General information[edit]

The municipality of Roan was established on 1 June 1892 when the old municipality of Bjørnør was divided into three separate municipalities: Roan (population: 2,069), Osen (population: 1,575), and Stoksund (population: 1,122).[4]

On 1 January 2018, the municipality switched from the old Sør-Trøndelag county to the new Trøndelag county. On 1 January 2020, the neighboring municipalities of Roan and Åfjord merged into one large municipality called Åfjord.[5]

Name[edit]

The municipality (originally the parish) is named after the old Roan farm where the first Roan Church was built. The name is probably derived from the Old Norse word róða which means "pole" a reference to a mountain peak behind the farm.[6]

Coat of arms[edit]

The coat of arms was granted on 22 May 1987. The arms show three silver terns on a blue background. Terns, a very watchful and energetic bird, are intended to symbolize the local inhabitants and the coast with the vast bird life in the area.[7] [8]

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway had one parish (sokn) within the municipality of Roan. It is part of the Fosen prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Nidaros.

Churches in Roan
Parish (sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Roan Roan Church Roan 1702

Geography[edit]

View of the highest point in Roan municipality
View of the Skjørafjorden along the Roan coast

Roan was located on the Fosen peninsula between the municipalities of Åfjord (to the south) and Osen (to the north), with Namdalseid to the east. Roan also included a number of islands in the Atlantic Ocean to the west. Three major fjords cut into the landscape: the Brandsfjorden in the north, Bersfjorden in the central part, and the Skjørafjorden in the south. The Kaura lighthouse was located on a small island in the mouth of the Brandsfjorden. The Hellfjorden is a small fjord arm that branches off the main Brandsfjorden.

The landscape was very hilly, with bare mountaintops reaching 400 to 600 metres (1,300 to 2,000 ft) above sea level. The highest mountain is the 644-metre (2,113 ft) tall Dåapma on the border with Namdalseid.[8]

Government[edit]

All municipalities in Norway, including Roan, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.[9] The municipality falls under the Fosen District Court and the Frostating Court of Appeal.

Municipal council[edit]

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Roan is made up of 17 representatives that are elected to four year terms. The party breakdown of the final municipal council was as follows:

Roan Kommunestyre 2016–2019 [10]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)4
 Conservative Party (Høyre)5
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)5
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
Total number of members:17
Roan Kommunestyre 2012–2015 [11]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)2
 Conservative Party (Høyre)4
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)8
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
Total number of members:17

Population[edit]

Almost all the inhabitants lived along the coast or in the Hofstaddalen valley. The islands were all generally uninhabited with few exceptions. The island of Brandsøya, which has a bridge connecting it to the mainland, has some inhabitants. There are only two roads leaving the municipality: one going south to Å in Åfjord and one to Osen.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Forskrift om målvedtak i kommunar og fylkeskommunar" (in Norwegian). Lovdata.no.
  2. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2018). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2019-03-11.
  3. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå. "09280: Area of land and fresh water (km²) (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2019-03-11.
  4. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  5. ^ "Ny kommune" (in Norwegian). Åfjord kommune. Retrieved 2017-10-07.
  6. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1901). Norske gaardnavne: Søndre Trondhjems amt (in Norwegian) (14 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. pp. 8–9.
  7. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2018-03-07.
  8. ^ a b c Store norske leksikon. "Roan" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2011-01-03.
  9. ^ Hansen, Tore, ed. (2016-05-12). "kommunestyre". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2019-01-01.
  10. ^ "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway.
  11. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2011 - Sør-Trøndelag". Valg Direktoratet. Retrieved 2019-10-20.

External links[edit]