Roan, Norway

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Roan kommune
Municipality
Coat of arms of Roan kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Roan kommune
Sør-Trøndelag within
Norway
Roan within Sør-Trøndelag
Roan within Sør-Trøndelag
Coordinates: 64°09′01″N 10°18′09″E / 64.15028°N 10.30250°E / 64.15028; 10.30250Coordinates: 64°09′01″N 10°18′09″E / 64.15028°N 10.30250°E / 64.15028; 10.30250
Country Norway
County Sør-Trøndelag
District Fosen
Administrative centre Roan
Government
 • Mayor (2015) Einar Eian (H)
Area
 • Total 374.64 km2 (144.65 sq mi)
 • Land 355.17 km2 (137.13 sq mi)
 • Water 19.47 km2 (7.52 sq mi)
Area rank 249 in Norway
Population (2017)
 • Total 959
 • Rank 403 in Norway
 • Density 2.7/km2 (7/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years) -6.9 %
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code NO-1632
Official language form Neutral
Website www.roan.kommune.no
Data from Statistics Norway

Roan is a municipality in Sør-Trøndelag county, Norway. It is part of the Fosen region in the northern part of the county. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Roan. Other villages include Bessaker, Brandsfjord, and Hofstad.

A large wind park is located on the mountain plateau just southeast of Bessaker.

The 375-square-kilometre (145 sq mi) municipality is the 249th largest by area out of the 426 municipalities in Norway. Roan is the 403rd most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 959. The municipality's population density is 2.7 inhabitants per square kilometre (7.0/sq mi) and its population has decreased by 6.9% over the last decade.[1]

General information[edit]

The municipality of Roan was established on 1 June 1892 when the old municipality of Bjørnør was divided into three separate municipalities: Roan, Osen, and Stoksund. The initial population of Roan was 2,069. The borders of the municipality have remained the same since then.[2]

On 1 January 2020, the municipalities of Roan and Åfjord will merge into one large muncipality.[3]

Name[edit]

The municipality (originally the parish) is named after the old Roan farm where the first church was built. The name is probably derived from the Old Norse word róða which means "pole" a reference to a mountain peak behind the farm.[4]

Coat of Arms[edit]

The coat-of-arms is modern and was granted on 22 May 1987. The arms show three silver terns on a blue background. Terns, a very watchful and energetic bird, are intended to symbolize the local inhabitants and the coast with the vast bird life in the area.[5][6]

See also:the Coat-of-arms of Tvedestrand

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has one parish (sokn) within the municipality of Roan. It is part of the Fosen prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Nidaros.

Churches in Roan
Parish (Sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Roan Roan Church Roan 1702

Geography[edit]

View of the highest point in Roan municipality
View of the Skjørafjorden along the Roan coast

Roan is located on the Fosen peninsula between Åfjord (to the south) and Osen (to the north), with Namdalseid (in Nord-Trøndelag county) to the east. Roan also include a number of islands in the Atlantic Ocean to the west. Three major fjords cut into the landscape: the Brandsfjorden in the north, Bersfjorden in the central part, and the Skjørafjorden in the south. The Kaura lighthouse lies on a small island in the mouth of the Brandsfjorden.

The landscape is very hilly, with bare mountaintops reaching 400 to 600 metres (1,300 to 2,000 ft) above sea level. The highest mountain is the 644-metre (2,113 ft) tall Dåapma on the border with Namdalseid.[6]

Government[edit]

All municipalities in Norway, including Roan, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.

Municipal council[edit]

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Roan is made up of 17 representatives that are elected to four year terms. Currently, the party breakdown is as follows:[7]

Roan Kommunestyre 2015–2019
Party Name Name in Norwegian Number of
representatives
  Labour Party Arbeiderpartiet 4
  Conservative Party Høyre 5
  Christian Democratic Party Kristelig Folkeparti 1
  Centre Party Senterpartiet 5
  Liberal Party Venstre 2
Total number of members: 17

Population[edit]

Almost all the inhabitants live along the coast or in the Hofstaddalen valley. The islands are all generally uninhabited with few exceptions. The island of Brandsøya, which has a bridge connecting it to the mainland, has some inhabitants. There are only 2 roads leaving the municipality: one going south to Å in Åfjord and one to Osen.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2017). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2017-10-07. 
  2. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå. 
  3. ^ "Ny kommune" (in Norwegian). Åfjord kommune. Retrieved 2017-10-07. 
  4. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1901). Norske gaardnavne: Søndre Trondhjems amt (in Norwegian) (14 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. pp. 8–9. 
  5. ^ Norske Kommunevåpen (1990). "Nye kommunevåbener i Norden". Retrieved 27 October 2008. 
  6. ^ a b c Store norske leksikon. "Roan" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2011-01-03. 
  7. ^ "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. 2015. 

External links[edit]