Roane County, West Virginia

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Roane County, West Virginia
Robey Theatre in Spencer, West Virginia (2010).jpg
Map of West Virginia highlighting Roane County
Location in the U.S. state of West Virginia
Map of the United States highlighting West Virginia
West Virginia's location in the U.S.
Founded March 11, 1856
Named for Spencer Roane
Seat Spencer
Largest city Spencer
Area
 • Total 484 sq mi (1,254 km2)
 • Land 484 sq mi (1,254 km2)
 • Water 0.2 sq mi (1 km2), 0.03%
Population (est.)
 • (2015) 14,435
 • Density 30/sq mi (10/km2)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Eastern: UTC−5/−4
Website www.roanecounty.wv.gov

Roane County is a county located in the U.S. state of West Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 14,926.[1] Its county seat is Spencer.[2] The county was founded in 1856 and is named for Spencer Roane.[3]

History[edit]

Roane County was created by an act of the Virginia General Assembly on March 11, 1856. It was named for the jurist Spencer Roane of Virginia, born in Essex County April 4, 1762. The county's seat Spencer was also named for judge Roane.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 484 square miles (1,250 km2), of which 484 square miles (1,250 km2) is land and 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2) (0.03%) is water.[4]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18605,381
18707,23234.4%
188012,18468.5%
189015,30325.6%
190019,85229.7%
191021,5438.5%
192020,129−6.6%
193019,478−3.2%
194020,7876.7%
195018,408−11.4%
196015,720−14.6%
197014,111−10.2%
198015,95213.0%
199015,120−5.2%
200015,4462.2%
201014,926−3.4%
Est. 201614,208[5]−4.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790–1960[7] 1900–1990[8]
1990–2000[9] 2010–2015[1]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 15,446 people, 6,161 households, and 4,479 families residing in the county. The population density was 32 people per square mile (12/km²). There were 7,360 housing units at an average density of 15 per square mile (6/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.56% White, 0.22% Black or African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.23% Asian, 0.19% from other races, and 0.60% from two or more races. 0.67% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 6,161 households out of which 30.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.10% were married couples living together, 9.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.30% were non-families. 23.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.91.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.40% under the age of 18, 8.70% from 18 to 24, 26.60% from 25 to 44, 26.50% from 45 to 64, and 14.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 98.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $24,511, and the median income for a family was $29,280. Males had a median income of $28,738 versus $17,207 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,195. About 17.80% of families and 22.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.10% of those under age 18 and 15.50% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 14,926 people, 6,195 households, and 4,193 families residing in the county.[11] The population density was 30.9 inhabitants per square mile (11.9/km2). There were 7,351 housing units at an average density of 15.2 per square mile (5.9/km2).[12] The racial makeup of the county was 98.4% white, 0.3% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.1% black or African American, 0.2% from other races, and 0.9% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.7% of the population.[11] In terms of ancestry, 20.7% were American, 17.9% were Irish, 15.3% were German, and 9.1% were English.[13]

Of the 6,195 households, 28.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.2% were married couples living together, 9.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.3% were non-families, and 27.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.89. The median age was 43.5 years.[11]

The median income for a household in the county was $27,428 and the median income for a family was $35,289. Males had a median income of $32,106 versus $22,914 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,103. About 21.5% of families and 27.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 41.5% of those under age 18 and 15.5% of those age 65 or over.[14]

Politics[edit]

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 71.1% 3,781 23.0% 1,222 5.9% 312
2012 58.9% 2,982 38.3% 1,939 2.8% 139
2008 52.8% 2,943 45.0% 2,511 2.2% 122
2004 56.4% 3,440 42.8% 2,612 0.8% 48
2000 56.4% 3,172 41.5% 2,332 2.2% 121
1996 39.2% 2,069 48.7% 2,572 12.1% 639
1992 37.7% 2,207 44.5% 2,607 17.8% 1,043
1988 53.7% 2,861 45.9% 2,447 0.5% 24
1984 60.1% 3,751 39.6% 2,468 0.3% 21
1980 54.1% 3,219 42.0% 2,498 4.0% 236
1976 47.8% 3,216 52.3% 3,519
1972 64.1% 4,253 35.9% 2,386
1968 55.7% 3,851 38.2% 2,639 6.1% 424
1964 47.5% 3,451 52.5% 3,820
1960 57.5% 4,443 42.5% 3,280
1956 59.9% 4,701 40.2% 3,153
1952 57.7% 4,922 42.3% 3,603
1948 53.3% 4,213 46.6% 3,684 0.1% 11
1944 55.1% 4,650 44.9% 3,787
1940 50.8% 5,317 49.2% 5,158
1936 51.1% 5,282 48.8% 5,047 0.1% 12
1932 46.1% 4,361 53.9% 5,094
1928 59.5% 4,472 40.0% 3,007 0.4% 32
1924 53.9% 4,097 46.1% 3,504
1920 57.8% 4,232 42.1% 3,082 0.1% 10
1916 52.0% 2,406 47.2% 2,186 0.8% 38
1912 15.8% 708 45.7% 2,045 38.5% 1,722

Communities[edit]

City[edit]

Town[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 11, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2001-09-23. Retrieved 2013-02-04. 
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved July 30, 2015. 
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 11, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 11, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 11, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 11, 2014. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  11. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-04-03. 
  12. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-04-03. 
  13. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-04-03. 
  14. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-04-03. 
  15. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-03-28. 

Coordinates: 38°43′N 81°22′W / 38.72°N 81.36°W / 38.72; -81.36