Roanoke–Blacksburg Regional Airport
Roanoke–Blacksburg Regional Airport
Main terminal building
|Owner/Operator||Roanoke Regional Airport Commission|
|Serves||Roanoke Valley, New River Valley|
|Location||Roanoke, Virginia, United States|
|Elevation AMSL||1,125 ft / 343 m|
Roanoke–Blacksburg Regional Airport (IATA: ROA, ICAO: KROA, FAA LID: ROA), (Woodrum Field) is three miles northwest of Roanoke, Virginia. It is governed by the five-member Roanoke Regional Airport Commission, which includes representatives from both the city and county of Roanoke. The airport has two runways and over 60 scheduled flights each day. ROA covers 912 acres (369 ha) of land.
Federal Aviation Administration records say the airport had 315,293 passenger boardings (enplanements) in calendar year 2008, 297,588 in 2009 and 316,478 in 2010. The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems for 2017–2021 categorized it as a non-hub primary commercial service facility.
With a history stretching to the time following World War I, Roanoke Regional Airport has evolved from a pair of dirt runways and a single hangar to a fully equipped, modern airport. The terminal building was completed in 1989; the control tower was completed in 2005.
In the year ending June 2017 Roanoke Regional saw 609,000 passengers, with 81% on-time departures and 83% on-time arrivals. The top carriers into Roanoke were Piedmont Airlines with 35.3%, ExpressJet with 23.18%, Delta with 13.87%, Allegiant with 10.56%, and Trans States with 7.49% of all passengers.
After World War I, the idea of opening an airport to serve the Roanoke Valley became a priority for local leaders. The intended purpose of the facility was to provide for a landing strip, aircraft storage, as well as serving as a flight school for local residents. The original location of Roanoke's airport was 6 miles (9.7 km) north of Roanoke city limits in Roanoke County. The location for the airport was secured on July 1, 1929, when the city of Roanoke signed the lease on the land to operate the Roanoke Municipal Airport. The original facility featured a single 83 feet (25 m) x 100 feet (30 m) hangar and a pair of dirt runways, and the first commercial service commenced in 1933 when Ludington Airlines made Roanoke a stop on their New York to Nashville route.
By 1934, American Airlines began service to Roanoke, but they moved their operations to Lynchburg in 1937 due to the poor conditions in Roanoke. After American's withdrawal, city leaders determined a new facility was needed. It being originally privately operated, the city of Roanoke took control of the facility in 1937, after it purchased the original hangar, with Works Progress Administration funds paying the costs of paving the runways. After the airport was declared a national defense project, federal funds became available to complete the facility, and on December 15, 1941, it was officially dedicated. The airport was named Woodrum Field in honor of Clifton A. Woodrum, the congressional representative from Virginia's Sixth District, and after it reopened, American Airlines reestablished service to Roanoke Municipal Airport.
Shortly after it departed from Asheville Regional Airport in Asheville, North Carolina, on July 19, 1967, Piedmont Airlines Flight 22 collided with a twin-engine Cessna 310 on approach to Asheville. At the time of the accident, the Piedmont Boeing 727 was en route to Roanoke. There were 82 fatalities and no survivors, making this the deadliest accident associated with Roanoke Regional Airport.
When facilities reached their maximum capacity, the need for upgrades became necessary for the airport to continue to grow. A proposal for runway expansion as well as facilities upgrades was developed in 1975, but was subsequently put on hold while a new regional airport was being studied to serve Roanoke as well as the entirety of Southwest Virginia. During this time, airline deregulation was put in place, and this combined with the airport's aging facilities and airlines' phasing out of turbo prop aircraft in favor of jet aircraft resulted in a decline of service to the airport. To allow for larger jet aircraft to land, a runway expansion began in the early 1980s. With the runway extension underway, the airport changed its name from Roanoke Municipal Airport to Roanoke Regional Airport in 1983. The runway expansion project was completed in 1985.
Between 1984 and 1985, the city of Roanoke developed an Airport Master Plan calling for $43.8 million to be spent in the development of a new terminal building, in addition to other improvements throughout the site. $15.4 million was secured in state and local funding for its implementation, and the remainder of the costs were covered by local authorities. The creation of a Regional Airport Commission to oversee airport operations was proposed in order to cover this funding. Approved by the Virginia General Assembly on February 18, 1986 and initiated on July 1, 1987, the Roanoke Regional Airport Commission consisted of five members, with three appointed from Roanoke City and two from Roanoke County. The commission ended the city of Roanoke's role as the sole operator of the airport, as it had been from 1934 through 1987.
Although Roanoke has never had international passenger service, in 2001, the Airport Commission was prepared to change the airport's name to Roanoke International Airport. This was the case as the U.S. Customs Service increased the radius covered by the inland port in Dublin to include Roanoke. This expansion allowed the airport to add customs officials to accommodate both international travel and cargo to pass through Roanoke's facilities. The renaming did not occur as a result of the economic downturn in the wake of the September 11, 2001 attacks, however. In 2007, the prospect of changing the airport's name was again proposed by the Airport Commission.
Local residents and businesses have been known to take issue with the airport's limited non-stop flights and lack of low-price fares. Airport officials estimate that around a third of airline tickets purchased by area residents are for travel from other airports. Competition includes Piedmont Triad International Airport near Greensboro, North Carolina, and others farther away that have service from Southwest Airlines or international flights. Aviation industry consultant Michael Boyd compared Roanoke's level of air service favorably to similarly sized cities.
To add more options for travelers in Roanoke, the airport added non-stop service to Orlando in May 2006 and Tampa in December 2006 with Allegiant Air. This is largely seen as part of an effort by local leaders to bring new and improved service to the airport with both existing and new carriers. Earlier attempts to lobby AirTran Airways and the now defunct Independence Air to serve the airport were unsuccessful.
Piedmont service began on April 16, 1948, with two flights, which carried 42 passengers. In the 1970s Piedmont established a regional hub in Roanoke with 45 daily flights that served 330,000 passengers by 1973. In 1982 Piedmont accounted for 89 percent of all passengers that traveled through Roanoke.
From Roanoke, Piedmont flew non-stop to many airports, including: Atlanta, Charlotte, Chicago–O'Hare, Greensboro, Louisville, Nashville, Newark, Pittsburgh, Richmond, and Washington–Reagan. Piedmont continued to serve Roanoke through its merger with USAir, and the final Piedmont flights from Roanoke were on August 4, 1989.
During Piedmont's dominance, several regional airlines began and ended service to Roanoke. Between October 29, 1978 and February 1979 Allegheny Airlines flew nonstop to Pittsburgh, Aeromech Airlines briefly provided service to West Virginia destinations in the early 1980s, and Air Virginia provided service from the 1970s to the mid-1980s.
Since the Piedmont-USAir merger, Roanoke has seen various carriers. American Eagle ended service to its Raleigh-Durham hub in December 1994. In January 1996 Continental Express flew to its Newark hub, it pulled out on November 1, 1997. Other carriers at Roanoke have decreased the number of destinations served from Roanoke since the early 1990s. U.S. Airways Express has eliminated non-stop service to Baltimore, Charlottesville, Dayton, Pittsburgh and Washington-Reagan since 1990, Northwest Airlink eliminated service to Newark in December 1992, and Delta eliminated service to Cincinnati on Chautauqua Airlines in September 2008. In 2010 Delta and Northwest Airlink merged, decreasing operations at ROA.
The current terminal building was designed by the Charlotte-based architectural firm Odell Associates and was built to serve as a replacement for the 1953 terminal, which was demolished in 2005. Construction of the terminal commenced in 1987, and it opened in October 1989 at a final cost of $25 million. The Y-shaped building features a front of blue-tinted, reflecting glass with exposed white triangular tube steel trusses. The lobby interior includes an arched brick wall leading out into a central plaza and front courtyard at the main entrance. The terminal was constructed to handle passengers expected through the year 2010, with a design that allows for expansion when warranted. Outside the terminal is an abstract, steel sculpture by New York artist Albert Paley entitled Aurora. Installed in October 1990, the sculpture is 21 feet (6.4 m) feet in height.
Landside facilities, or the facilities located outside the TSA security checkpoint, include check-in, car rental, baggage claim and a taxi hire. The upper-level has a small cafe and newsstand. The upper-level Airside, or the facilities located inside the TSA security checkpoint, has seven gates (Gates 1–6 and 5A), and a small cafe area. The entire terminal has been a free wi-fi hotspot since April 2, 2003.
The terminal was designed to accommodate future expansion, and there has been talk of an expansion in the near future, though official plans have yet to be announced. With gate space being used to 100 percent capacity at peak times, however, there is very little capacity for new flights unless they arrive and depart at off-peak times (10 AM-12 PM and 7 PM-10 PM).
Roanoke Regional Airport features a pair of runways originally completed in 1942. The largest runway is 6,800 feet (2,100 m) x 150 feet (46 m), and the second runway is 5,810 feet (1,770 m) x 150 feet (46 m) in total length.
Originally 5,900 feet (1,800 m) in length, an expansion to lengthen Runway 6/24 was envisioned in the 1970s. Expansion was delayed until the early 1980s while a proposed new regional airport serving Roanoke, Lynchburg and Martinsville, to be built in Bedford County, was evaluated. When this proposal was scrapped, the runway expansion was completed in 1985 and 900 feet (270 m) was added to its east end.
The expansion also included the creation of a tunnel beneath Runway 06/24 along Virginia State Route 118. Completed between 1983 and 1985, it is maintained by the Roanoke Regional Airport Commission. The most recent runway refurbishment was completed in 2002, in addition to the relocating one of the taxiways to prevent runway incursions.
Due to the size and layout of its runways, the airport has been rated among the top ten airports within usable distance of Andrews Air Force Base for training pilots in the 89th Operations Group. This group is responsible for piloting Air Force One as the Special Air Mission fleet for the President of the United States.
Throughout its history, Roanoke Regional Airport has been served by five control towers. The first tower was commissioned in March 1943, and the fourth commissioned on June 6, 1952, located atop the original terminal building. With the opening of the new terminal in 1989, a replacement tower became necessary to allow for the demolition of the original terminal building. The new tower would also provide controllers unobstructed view of the entire airport, as the original structure did not.
Federal funding for a new tower fell through in 1993 and again in 1997. In 1999, however, the FAA announced that they were restarting the Roanoke project, paving the way for its construction. The present tower is 197 feet (60 m) in height and has been operational since its commission by the FAA on December 5, 2004. It was officially dedicated on May 16, 2005 in honor of former Roanoke air traffic manager John Hinkle.
Twenty-nine air traffic controllers work the Roanoke air traffic control facility, which in addition to the tower includes a TRACON (Terminal Radar Approach Control) that also provides air traffic services for Lynchburg, Smith Mountain Lake, New London, Brookneal and the Falwell Airport in Lynchburg. The TRACON also provides non radar services to Dublin, Blacksburg, and Hillsville, due to radar limitations caused by surrounding terrain. The total airspace controlled by Roanoke stretches well over 200 miles (320 km) from the Mountain Empire region to Farmville.
Parking and ground transportation
Roanoke Regional features a large surface parking lot, which is divided into long term (996 spaces) and short term (226 spaces) parking. An additional 598 parking spaces are available in an overflow lot across Aviation Drive during peak travel times. A small parking shuttle bus operates every 10 to 15 minutes between 6 a.m. and midnight, which has been in service since 1990. A multi-level parking garage is planned atop the site of the existing long term lot.
The airport is accessible via Aviation Drive, which branches off Hershberger Road just east of Exit 3E off I-581 leading to downtown Roanoke. The airport can also be accessed from Virginia State Route 118 by connecting with Municipal Drive just east of the terminal.
The airport is also served by the Smart Way Bus, with its stop located outside the eastern end of the terminal. Operating Monday through Saturday, the Smart Way serves both downtown Roanoke as well as Salem, Christiansburg, Blacksburg and Virginia Tech. Although Valley Metro does not directly serve the main terminal, Route 16 does make a scheduled stop just east of the main parking lot.
Airlines and destinations
|Allegiant Air||Orlando/Sanford, St. Petersburg/Clearwater|
|American Eagle||Charlotte, New York–LaGuardia, Philadelphia|
|Delta Air Lines||Atlanta|
|United Express||Chicago–O'Hare, Washington–Dulles|
|FedEx Express||Memphis, Louisville|
|UPS Airlines||Greensboro, Louisville|
|2||Charlotte, North Carolina||94,130||American|
|6||St. Petersburg/Clearwater, Florida||16,620||Allegiant|
|8||New York–La Guardia, New York||10,210||American|
- Allegiant Air now permanently uses the Airbus A320 for its operations into Roanoke. This comes following the November 2018 cessation of MD80 series operations by Allegiant.
- Delta Air Lines operates Airbus A319/320s and Boeing 717s to Roanoke for its mainline operations (usually one mainline flight per day). Seasonally, the B737-700 is used.
- Delta Connection carriers use Canadair Regional Jets (Endeavor, ExpressJet, and Skywest), which seat between 50 and 76 passengers.
- United Express uses multiple regional aircraft to service Roanoke Regional: The Embraer 145 and Canadair Regional Jets are the standard for flights by ExpressJet and Trans State Airlines, and the Embraer 145 are standard for Commutair. United occasionally operates the Embraer ERJ-175 for Skywest.
- American Eagle contracts a number of regional carriers to fly into Roanoke. Their aircraft are as follows:
- UPS serves Roanoke with an Airbus A300 and a Boeing 757. Until late December 2017, UPS operated the Airbus A300 into Roanoke. The contract for these planes at this airport was terminated due to noise pollution and the extra cost for two different types of aircraft. A300 service to Roanoke has since been restored.
- FedEx serves Roanoke with a Boeing 757.
- FAA Airport Master Record for ROA ( PDF). Federal Aviation Administration. effective September 14, 2017.
- "Enplanements for CY 2008" (PDF, 1.0 MB). CY 2008 Passenger Boarding and All-Cargo Data. Federal Aviation Administration. December 18, 2009.
- "Enplanements for CY 2010" (PDF, 189 KB). CY 2010 Passenger Boarding and All-Cargo Data. Federal Aviation Administration. October 4, 2011.
- "List of NPIAS Airports" (PDF). FAA.gov. Federal Aviation Administration. 21 October 2016. Retrieved 17 June 2017.
- Kagey, Deedie (1988). "Up and Away with Aviation/Roanoke Regional Airport". When Past Is Prologue: A History of Roanoke County (1st ed.). Roanoke, VA: Roanoke County Sesquicentennial Committee. pp. 444–450.
- Turner, Joel (August 12, 1990). "Airport designed to reflect valley". The Roanoke Times. pp. D1.
- Caliri, Lois (May 17, 2005). "Control tower dedication finally arrives". The Roanoke Times. pp. C1.
- "RITA BTS Transtats - ROA". www.transtats.bts.gov. Retrieved 20 September 2017.
- "Piedmont Aviation, Flight 22 Aircraft Accident Report" (PDF). NTSB. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 13, 2008. Retrieved February 15, 2008.
- Turner, Joel (July 1, 1991). "Retiring manager got airport off ground". The Roanoke Times. pp. A3.
- Rogers, Christina (July 19, 2007). "Up in the air: The change to "Roanoke International Airport" is still possible". The Roanoke Times. pp. C8.
- Kagey, Deedie (1988). "The Airport Commission". When Past Is Prologue: A History of Roanoke County (1st ed.). Roanoke, VA: Roanoke County Sesquicentennial Committee. p. 607.
- Stewart, Keisha (May 26, 2001). "Roanoke included in new customs boundaries". The Roanoke Times. pp. A7.
- Caliri, Lois (September 7, 2002). "Roanoke offers direct flights to NY". The Roanoke Times. pp. A8.
- Rogers, Christina (November 22, 2006). "Leaving Roanoke to find...cheaper airfare". The Roanoke Times. pp. A1.
- Caliri, Lois (July 17, 2004). "Expert: Not enough traffic to woo carrier". The Roanoke Times. pp. C8.
- Kantor, Eric (May 25, 2006). "Gone to Florida". The Roanoke Times. pp. A1.
- Kantor, Eric (September 29, 2006). "Allegiant takes to Florida's waters". The Roanoke Times. pp. C10.
- Caliri, Lois (September 11, 2003). "Effort to attract AirTran accelerates". The Roanoke Times. pp. A9.
- Flowers, Shanna (November 7, 2006). "Roanoke should speak up to AirTran". The Roanoke Times. pp. B1.
- Adams, Duncan (March 25, 2004). "Airline's plan diverted from Roanoke for now". The Roanoke Times. pp. C8.
- "Eastern Airlines". Archive.com: The Museum of Commercial Aviation. Retrieved February 19, 2008.
- Shuck, Jacqueline (May 26, 1997). "For its size, Roanoke has good air service". The Roanoke Times. pp. B3.
- "Piedmont Airlines". Archive.com: The Museum of Commercial Aviation. Retrieved February 19, 2008.
- The Piedmont Aviation Historical Society. "Milestones in the History of Piedmont Airlines". Retrieved February 25, 2008.
- Edwards, Greg (December 14, 1994). "Airlines stop service: Roanoke loses American Eagle". The Roanoke Times. pp. B8.
- Schnabel, Megan (September 20, 1997). "Continental Express cuts back both daily flights from Roanoke". The Roanoke Times. pp. A5.
- Howes, Daniel (December 5, 1992). "Flights to Newark on the way". The Roanoke Times. pp. A8.
- Turner Jr., James M. (July 30, 2008). "Flights will continue in Roanoke". The Roanoke Times. pp. B4.
- Adams, Duncan (December 4, 2004). "Controllers on cloud nine in new tower". The Roanoke Times. pp. C10.
- DeBell, Jeff (October 26, 1990). "Art comes to airport". The Roanoke Times. pp. B3.
- "Roanoke Regional Airport: Terminal Map". Roanoke Regional Airport Authority. Archived from the original on July 5, 2007. Retrieved February 15, 2008.
- Adams, Duncan (April 3, 2003). "Roanoke airport now internet ready". The Roanoke Times. pp. A7.
- "Roanoke Regional Airport: Arrivals". Roanoke Regional Airport Authority. Archived from the original on July 5, 2007. Retrieved April 11, 2008.
- "Roanoke Regional Airport: Departures". Roanoke Regional Airport Authority. Archived from the original on July 5, 2007. Retrieved April 11, 2008.
- Caliri, Lois (May 15, 2002). "Improvements take off at airport – Construction work resumes at Roanoke Regional Airport". The Roanoke Times. pp. A9.
- FAA Airport Diagram for Roanoke Regional/Woodrum Field (PDF), Federal Aviation Administration
- Taylor, Leslie (August 8, 1996). "Question: Is there a flight at the end of the tunnel?". The Roanoke Times. pp. C1.
- Kojima, Emi (May 5, 2002). "Roanoke's patriotic duty – Air Force pilots sharpen skills at Roanoke Regional Airport". The Roanoke Times. pp. A1.
- Caliri, Lois (February 8, 2004). "Tower power". The Roanoke Times. pp. B1.
- Johnson, Rob (October 31, 2007). "Roanoke airport sees all departure seats booked". The Roanoke Times. pp. C8.
- Sturgeon, Jeff (December 14, 2007). "Potential for delay is gathering at the airport". The Roanoke Times. pp. C8.
- Turner, Joel (January 18, 1990). "Approval given for shuttlebus at airport". The Roanoke Times. pp. B4.
- Caliri, Lois (January 29, 1999). "Traffic, plans soar at airport". The Roanoke Times. pp. A7.
- "Roanoke Regional Airport: Getting Here". Roanoke Regional Airport Authority. Archived from the original on July 31, 2007. Retrieved February 10, 2008.
- "Roanoke Regional Airport: Terminal Services". Car Rental. Roanoke Regional Airport Authority. Archived from the original on July 5, 2007. Retrieved February 17, 2008.
- "The Smart Way Commuter Bus: Schedules". Valley Metro. Retrieved February 10, 2008.
- "Valley Metro: Schedules – Routes 12 & 16" (PDF). Valley Metro. Retrieved February 15, 2008.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Roanoke Regional Airport.|
- Roanoke–Blacksburg Regional Airport, official site
- (PDF), effective November 7, 2019
- FAA Terminal Procedures for ROA, effective November 7, 2019
- Resources for this airport: