|Extinct as a tribe|
|Regions with significant populations|
|Carolina Algonquian (historical)|
|Tribal religion (historical)|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Croatan, Secotan, Pamlico, Machapunga|
The Roanoke (//), also spelled Roanoac, were a Carolina Algonquian-speaking people whose territory comprised present-day Dare County, Roanoke Island and part of the mainland at the time of English exploration and colonization. They were one of the numerous Carolina Algonquian tribes, which may have numbered 5,000-10,000 people in total in eastern North Carolina at the time of English encounter.
The last known chief of the Roanoke was Wanchese, who traveled to England with colonists in 1584. The smaller Croatan people may have been a branch of the Roanoke or a separate tribe allied with it.
Numerous place names were derived from the Roanoke.
- Algonquian languages
- Algonquian peoples
- European Colonization of the Americas
- Colonial history of the United States
- English colonial empire
- History of North Carolina
- History of the United States
- Pre-Columbian Era
- Genocide of indigenous peoples
- "Indian Towns and Buildings of Eastern North Carolina", Fort Raleigh National Historic Site, National Park Service, 2008, accessed 24 Apr 2010