Roaring Camp & Big Trees Narrow Gauge Railroad
|Locale||Santa Cruz County, California, USA|
|Dates of operation||1963–present|
|Track gauge||3 ft (914 mm)|
The Roaring Camp & Big Trees Narrow Gauge Railroad is a 3 ft (914 mm) narrow-gauge tourist railroad in California that starts from the Roaring Camp depot in Felton, California and runs up steep grades through redwood forests to the top of nearby Bear Mountain, a distance of 3.25 miles (5.23 km).
Several steam engines date from the 1890s and are some of the oldest and most authentically preserved narrow-gauge steam engines still providing regular passenger service in the United States. (The Cumbres & Toltec Scenic Railroad in Colorado and New Mexico has the oldest steam engines, dating back to 1883.)
Roaring Camp Railroads operations began in 1963 under the guidance of F. Norman Clark (1935–1985), who was the founder and owner. His purpose was to keep a family tradition of constructing railroads and to "bring the romance and color of steam railroading back to America".  In 1958, Clark found the engine Dixiana abandoned near a coal mine in the Appalachian Mountains; he described it as looking like a " rusty pile of junk". Dixiana was reconditioned and began service in 1963 on rails that had been shipped around Cape Horn in 1881. The railway route was laid out so that as few trees as possible would have to be cut on the 170 acres (69 ha) Clark acquired with a 99-year lease of the larger Big Trees Ranch.
The Big Trees Ranch was bought in 1867 by San Francisco businessman Joseph Warren Welch to preserve the giant redwood trees from logging. It was the first property in the state acquired specifically for that purpose. In 1930, the Welch family sold part of the property to Santa Cruz County, which eventually became part of Henry Cowell Redwoods State Park.
The first scheduled train trip was on April 6, 1963 with 44 ticketed passengers.
Clark's wife, Georgiana, Vice President of Operations assumed the ownership and management responsibilities following his death on December 2, 1985.
Originally, two large trestles formed a "corkscrew" loop at Spring Canyon, but these were destroyed by a 1976 fire, the smoke from which could be seen from San Francisco. Within six months, a switchback was constructed to bypass the severed loop and the entire line was returned to service. The switchback has an estimated 9.5% grade, making it the steepest passenger grade still in use.[where?] The length of the tail tracks in the switchback restricts the trains that may be operated to six cars or fewer. Special events are held to raise funds for repair and reconstruction of the trestles and steam locomotives at Roaring Camp. In 2003, the first "Day Out with Thomas" special event was held. The event was the single largest in the 40-year history of Roaring Camp, with an estimated 25,000 participants over a three-day period.
Accidents and incidents
On December 28, 2015, a train collided with a stop block on part of the switchback. Six people were injured. The cause was driver error.
The railroad owns several locomotives in various states of repair. Regular service is typically handled by the railroad's two Shay locomotives, with occasional appearances by the Heisler. 0-4-2 T "Kahuku," the oldest locomotive on the roster, is used in shuttle service on special occasions. Due to its small size, it is not capable of hauling trains up the mountain.
|#1||Dixiana||Lima Locomotive Works||2-truck Shay||#2593||1912||October 1962||Ex-Coal Processing Corp. #3 at Dixiana, Virginia. Operable and in regular service.|
|#2||Tuolumne||Stearns Manufacturing Company||2-truck Heisler||#1041||1899||1963||ex-West Side Lumber Company #3. Operable
Restored 2001 and 2010.
|#3||Kahuku||Baldwin Locomotive Works||0-4-2 T||#10756||1890||1966||ex-Kahuku Plantation #1 "Keana." Operable, and used on special occasions.|
|#4||Waipahu||Baldwin Locomotive Works||0-6-2 T||15321||1897||1977||sold to Western Village theme park, Nikkō, Japan, in 1988. Ex-Oahu Sugar #1)|
|#5||Bloomsburg||Climax Locomotive Works||2-truck Climax||#1692||1928||1975||Ex-Elk River Coal & Lumber Company #3. Acquired from Carroll Park & Western Railroad, Bloomsburg, Pennsylvania. Inoperable, rebuild planned as funds & shop space allow. As of 2017, the locomotive's engine set can turn over on steam.|
|#6||Daisy||Lima Locomotive Corp||2-truck Shay||#2519||1912||1988||ex-WM Ritter #7. Last operated and retired at Daisy, Kentucky. Inoperable.|
|#7||Sonora||Lima Locomotive Corp||3-truck Shay||#2465||1911||1986||ex-West Side Lumber Company #7
Operable and in regular service. Restored 2007–2009.
|#40||Plymouth Locomotive Works||14-ton Diesel(model DDT)||ex-Kaiser Steel, Fontana, California
|#50||Davenport Locomotive Works||Diesel||#||ex-D&RGW #50
Operable sold, now at Colorado Railroad Museum, Golden CO
|#50 (2nd)||General Electric||25-ton Diesel Electric||#15816||ex-Bethlehem Steel #14, Los Angeles, California
Operable, sold to Kauai Plantation Railway, Kauai, HI (2010)
|#60||General Electric||56-ton Diesel Electric||#33250||ex-Bethlehem Steel #12, Los Angeles, California
Inoperable sold to Georgetown Loop Railroad, Georgetown CO (2010)
|#?? (30?)||Whitcomb Locomotive Works||ex-Kauai Plantation Railway #10, Kauai, HI
Obtained 2010, sold March 2013 to Redwood Gulch Shortline
|#10||Milwaukee Locomotive Manufacturing Company||Motorcar (formerly "Critter")||ex-West Side Lumber Company.
Historic mechanical engineering landmark
The American Society of Mechanical Engineers collectively designated Roaring Camp's Shay, Climax and Heisler engines National Mechanical Engineering Historical Landmark (#134) on August 1988, as examples of small, slow-speed 19th century geared locomotives.
Dixiana Shay #1
Built in 1912, this engine was originally owned by the Alaculsy Lumber Company, and was used on the Smokey Mountain Railroad in Tennessee. The Dixiana is named for a small narrow-gauge mining railroad, now abandoned, out of Dixiana, Virginia. Notable characteristics include the boiler, which was set left of centerline to compensate for the weight and position of the engine – giving it a lopsided appearance – and the engine design of a three-cylinder exhaust system.
Bloomsburg Climax #5
The Bloomsburg was built in 1928 for the Elk River Coal and Lumber Company in Swandale, West Virginia. Previous owners include W.M. Ritter Lumber Company, Georgia Pacific Railroad, and the Carroll Park and Western Railroad in Bloomsburg, Pennsylvania until bought for Roaring Camp in 1975. It is the last locomotive of its type manufactured by Climax that operated for logging in the west.
Tuolumne Heisler #2
Built in 1899 for the Hetch Hetchy Valley and Yosemite Railroad for use at the sawmill of West Side Flume and Lumber Company near Tuolumne City. First named Thomas S. Bullock after the first general manager of the West Side Flume and Lumber Company, the locomotive was purchased for Roaring Camp in 1962 for $7,000. It is the last steam engine used in the commercial lumber business in Tuolumne, California, and the oldest Heisler still in operation.
- Geared steam locomotive
- List of heritage railroads in the United States
- Logging railroad
- Ocean Shore Railroad
- Santa Cruz, Big Trees and Pacific Railway
- Santa Cruz Railroad
- U.S. common-carrier narrow gauges in the twentieth century
- Roaring Camp website, main page. Retrieved July 9, 2010.
- Brown, Phillip King, The New York Times "California Train Trip into the Past" May 2, 1965
- Roaring Camp History Archived 2011-01-07 at the Wayback Machine
- The Geared Locomotive Collection of Roaring Camp and Big Trees Narrow Gauge Railroad
- Kliment, Jim. ""Part 2: Disaster Strikes"". Discover Live Steam online magazine.
- Prince, Charlene (June 20, 2003). "Day Out with Thomas at Roaring Camp". San Francisco Chronicle.
- "Train Collision with End of Track Felton, California" (PDF). National Transportation Safety Board. February 15, 2017. Retrieved February 27, 2017.
- Trainweb.org "Roaring Camp and Big Trees Railroad". Retrieved July 9, 2010.
- Steam Locomotive.com Archived 2010-07-29 at the Wayback Machine
- "Roaring Camp Railroads Steamfest 2017". YouTube. Treefrogflag Productions. Retrieved 29 March 2018.
- American Society of Mechanical Engineers, list of landmarks, #134.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Roaring Camp Railroads.|
- "Roaring Camp Railroads". Retrieved 2005-11-29.
- "Video Documentary about Roaring Camp Railroads' Narrow Gauge Steam Operations". Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-04-09.
- Roaring Camp Railroads A personal visit in 2006 with photographs