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Roath (Welsh: Y Rhath) is a district and community to the north-east of the city centre of Cardiff, capital of Wales. It is mostly covered by the Plasnewydd electoral ward, and stretches from Adamsdown in the south to Roath Park in the north.
Its main shopping streets are Albany Road, City Road, and Wellfield Road. The area is characterised by its several tree-lined avenues and Victorian era terraced streets. Roath houses a very diverse population including a large number of students, being very close to the main university campuses, a large ethnic minority population and many young professionals. Parts of Roath are among the most affluent districts of Cardiff, although subdivision of the large Victorian properties is starting to occur in the areas at the south end of the district.
Y Rhath (Rahat, Raath 13th c.) is likely a development of the Brythonic word for ramparts, cognate with the Irish word ráth (earthwork, fortification), the latinised form of this word (Ratae) appears elsewhere in Roman Britain (such as Ratae Corieltauvorum). This may suggest a pre-existing Iron Age settlement, likely on the site of the old manor house which was surrounded by earthworks and a ditch for centuries.
Roath Court is a nineteenth-century villa on the site of the medieval manor house of Roath. Since 1952 it has been a funeral home. Its Georgian portico, designed by Robert Adam in 1766 for Bowood House, Wiltshire, was moved there in 1956.
Roath contains the Church of Saint Margaret of Antioch, built in 1870 on the site of an earlier Norman chapel and the new Gothic revival church. Designed by Llandaff architect John Prichard on a Greek Cross plan, the latter was financed totally by the third Marquess of Bute, in spite of his conversion to Catholicism in 1868. Inside is an opulent mausoleum housing tombs of nine members of the Bute family, including the First Marquess and his wives. The tower of St Margaret's was finally completed in 1926.
Roath once had a railway station on the South Wales Main Line, but this closed in 1917.
Notable buildings and amenities
- Cardiff University, Engineering Building
- Roath Library
- St Margaret's Church (and the Bute Mausoleum)
- Mackintosh Sports Institute (formerly Plasnewydd)
- The Mansion House, Richmond Road, used as the mayor's residence for much of the 20th century.
- The Gate Arts Centre, Keppoch Street
- James Summers Funeral Home, Roath Court
- Shah Jalal Mosque, Crwys Road (formerly Capel Crwys)
- Trinity Methodist Church
- Albany Primary School
- Roath Park Primary
- St. Martin's Church, Albany Road
- Hodges' Residence and the Dewmisters Crib
- St. Edward's Church, Blenheim Road
- Roath Park
- St. Peters RFC
- Plasnewydd Community Hall
- Saint Peter's RC Primary School
Festivals and events
Since 2009 the annual Made in Roath arts festival has taken place in October. The event showcases art, music, performance and literature in a variety of venues including peoples' homes. Between 2013 and 2016, local organisers Wayne Courtney and Nathan Wyburn have hosted the 'Roath Bake Off' festival in St Andrews United Reformed Church, Roath. In December 2018, the duo announced that the event would be revived for 2019 as part of the campaign to raise funds for the church it is held in.
- William Cope, 1st Baron Cope, politician and international rugby player
- Lionel Fanthorpe
- Peter Finch writer and poet
- Boyd Clack Writer, actor and playwright
- Brian Hibbard Musician
- William Erbery (1604-1654), curate of St Woolos, Newport between 1630 and 1633 then Vicar of St Mary's Church in Cardiff before being forced to leave his post due to his Puritanism. He established the first nonconformist congregation in Cardiff.
- "Cardiff electoral wards map | yourCardiff". yourcardiff.mediawales-1.titaninternet.co.uk. Retrieved 15 February 2018.
- "Welsh Index of Multiple Deprivation". www.cardiff.gov.uk. Retrieved 15 February 2018.
- "Cardiff and District". Some Place Names in South Wales.
- Newman, John (1995). Glamorgan. The Buildings of Wales. London: Penguin. p. 309.
- "James Summers & Son Funeral Directors, Cardiff". Retrieved 8 February 2015.
- "A Roath by any other name would smell just as sweet". Wales Online. 27 February 2009. Retrieved 7 January 2018.
- Graham Henry, 'Made in Roath festival returns', South Wales Echo, 14 October 2011. Retrieved 2012-10-17.
- 'The Great Roath Bake Off 2013', RoathCardiff.net, 18 February 2013. Retrieved 2018-12-14.
- 'Roath Bake Off - 2019 announcement', Facebook - Roath Rocks, 13 December 2018. Retrieved 2018-12-14.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Roath.|
- RoathCardiff.net, Community news and information about Roath in Cardiff
- Geograph.co.uk, photos of Roath and surrounding area
- Roathcardiff.com, History and photos of Roath
- Madeinroath.com, Arts festival and community project in Roath
J. Childs. Roath, Splott and Adamsdown. The History Press. 1995