Rob Lockhart

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Sir Rob Lockhart
Rob Lockhart.png
Born 23 June 1893
Died 1981 (aged 87 or 88)
Allegiance Flag of the United Kingdom.svg British Empire
Service/branch  British Indian Army
Years of service 1913–1948
Rank General
Commands held 1st battalion, 12th Frontier Force Regiment
Southern Command, India
Indian Army
Battles/wars First World War
Second World War
Awards Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath
Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire
Military Cross

General Sir Robert McGregor MacDonald Lockhart KCB CIE MC (23 June 1893 - 1981) was an Indian Army general of the Second World War and later a leading member of the Scout Association.

Family[edit]

Lockhart was born in Beith, North Ayrshire, Scotland, the son of Robert Bruce Lockhart, the first headmaster of Spier's School, Beith. His mother was Florence Stuart Macgregor, while other ancestors included Bruces, Hamiltons, Cummings, Wallaces and Douglases. His brother, the writer R. H. Bruce Lockhart, claimed that "There is no drop of English blood in my veins."[1] Another brother, J. H. Bruce Lockhart, was headmaster of Sedbergh School, while his nephews Rab Bruce Lockhart and Logie Bruce Lockhart went on to become headmasters of Loretto and Gresham's.

Military career[edit]

Lockhart was born 23 June 1893 and educated at the Royal Military College, Sandhurst, and was commissioned onto the Unattached List for the Indian Army as a Second Lieutenant on 22 January 1913.[2] He joined the 51st Sikhs on 8 March 1914 and in the First World War served in Egypt, Aden, and Mesopotamia.[3][4] He was promoted to Lieutenant on 22 April 1915, to acting Captain on 13 April 1916, again on 7 October 1916, and to Captain on 22 January 1917.[5][6][7] On 1 January 1918 he was awarded the Military Cross.[8]

Promoted to Major 22 January 1931,[9] Lockhart was brevetted as a Lieutenant-Colonel on 1 January 1933 and appointed as military attache to the Kingdom of Afghanistan from 10 March 1934 to 1 December 1935.[9][10][11] He was Promoted to Lieutenant-Colonel on 8 November 1936,[12] and was given command of the 1st battalion, the 12th Frontier Force Regiment.[13] He was promoted to Colonel on 1 February 1939 (with seniority from 1 January 1936), and appointed Deputy Director of Staff Duties in the India Office.[10][14] from 1 February 1939 to 19 December 1939.[9]

Promoted to temporary Brigadier on 20 December 1939,[15] Lockhart served in the Second World War as Director of Staff Duties in the India Office from 20 December 1939 to 14 December 1941,[16] when he became Military Secretary to the India Office, a position he filled until 9 July 1943.[9][10] He was promoted to acting Major-General on 28 April 1941,[9] to temporary Major-General on 28 April 1942, and to the permanent rank of Major-General on 24 October 1942.[17][18] Promoted to acting Lieutenant-General on 15 April 1945, he was appointed General Officer Commanding Southern Command in India that year, and was promoted to lieutenant-general on 23 November (with seniority from 3 April 1944).[10][19] [20] On 19 June 1947, with the independence of India and Pakistan imminent, he was appointed as acting Governor of the North West Frontier Province.[21]

On 15 August 1947, the day India became independent, Lockhart was appointed as Commander-in-Chief, Indian Army, with the acting rank of General.[22] He was promoted to General on 1 September (with seniority from 1 July 1945).[23] He retired on 1 October 1948 .[24] He was recalled to British forces as Director of Operations during the Malaya Emergency between 1951 and 1952.

Retiring in 1951, he served as Deputy Chief Scout for the Boy Scouts Association from 1951 to 1961. He also served on the World Scout Committee of the World Organization of the Scout Movement from 1953 to 1959, and in 1961 was awarded the Bronze Wolf Award, the only distinction of the World Organization of the Scout Movement, awarded by the World Scout Committee for exceptional services to world Scouting.

References[edit]

  1. ^ R. H. Bruce Lockhart, My Scottish Youth (B&W Publishing, Edinburgh, 1993), ISBN 1 873631 26 X, pp 313–353
  2. ^ London Gazette 21 January 1913
  3. ^ The London Gazette: no. 28849. p. 5455. 14 July 1914. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
  4. ^ January 1941 Indian Army List supplement
  5. ^ The London Gazette: no. 29186. p. 5526. 8 June 1915. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
  6. ^ The London Gazette: no. 30453. p. 163. 1 January 1918. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
  7. ^ The London Gazette: no. 30084. p. 4946. 22 May 1917. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
  8. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 30563. p. 2974. 5 March 1918. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
  9. ^ a b c d e Half Yearly Army List January 1946 p.50
  10. ^ a b c d Sir Robert Lockhart at Generals.dk
  11. ^ The London Gazette: no. 33899. p. 51. 3 January 1933. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
  12. ^ The London Gazette: no. 34360. p. 343. 15 January 1937. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
  13. ^ January 1937 Indian Army List
  14. ^ The London Gazette: no. 34620. p. 2826. 28 April 1939. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
  15. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 34858. p. 3175. 24 May 1940. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
  16. ^ Half Yearly Army List January 1946 p.126
  17. ^ The London Gazette: no. 35883. p. 559. 29 January 1943. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
  18. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 35844. p. 79. 29 December 1942. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
  19. ^ The London Gazette: no. 37118. p. 2908. 8 June 1945. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
  20. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 37462. p. 895. 8 February 1946. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
  21. ^ The London Gazette: no. 38007. p. 3074. 4 July 1947. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
  22. ^ The London Gazette: no. 38041. p. 3739. 8 August 1947. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
  23. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 38134. p. 5636. 25 November 1947. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
  24. ^ The London Gazette: no. 38431. p. 5447. 15 October 1948. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
Military offices
Preceded by
Sir Sydney Muspratt
Military Secretary to the India Office
1941–1943
Succeeded by
George Molesworth
Preceded by
Sir Noel Beresford-Peirse
GOC-in-C, Southern Command, India
1945 – 1947
Succeeded by
Post disbanded
Preceded by
New position.
Replaced the Chief of the General Staff (India)
Commander-in-Chief, Indian Army
1947
Succeeded by
Sir Roy Bucher
Political offices
Preceded by
Sir Olaf Kirkpatrick Caroe
Governor of the North-West Frontier Province
1947
Succeeded by
Sir George Cunningham