Lowe in 2012
|Born||Robert Hepler Lowe
March 17, 1964
Charlottesville, Virginia, U.S.
|Spouse(s)||Sheryl Berkoff (m. 1991)|
|Relatives||Chad Lowe (brother)|
Robert Hepler "Rob" Lowe (//; born March 17, 1964) is an American actor. He has garnered fame for appearing in such films as The Outsiders (1983), Oxford Blues (1984), St. Elmo's Fire (1985), About Last Night... (1986), Square Dance (1987), Wayne's World (1992), Tommy Boy (1995), Austin Powers: The Spy Who Shagged Me (1999), Austin Powers in Goldmember (2002), Thank You for Smoking (2006) and Sex Tape (2014).
On television, Lowe played Sam Seaborn on The West Wing, Senator Robert McCallister on Brothers & Sisters, and Chris Traeger in Parks and Recreation. 2013 saw him portray both Dr. Jack Starz in the HBO television film Behind the Candelabra and President John F. Kennedy in the National Geographic Channel television film Killing Kennedy. In 2014, he began appearing in a series of DirecTV commercials. From 2015 to 2016, he starred alongside Fred Savage in The Grinder on FOX. In June 2016, Lowe was considered to replace Kelly Ripa's co-host Michael Strahan in the ABC morning talk show Live! with Kelly and Michael after Strahan's departure in May. However, he dropped out of the race in August, leaving CNN host Anderson Cooper, Grinder co-star Fred Savage, and actor Jerry O'Connell as the remaining candidates.
In addition to receiving an Emmy Award nomination in 2001 for his work on The West Wing, Lowe has been nominated for six Golden Globe Awards; his nominations span four of the seven categories for male actors.
Lowe was born in Charlottesville, Virginia, the son of Barbara Lynn (née Hepler; 1939-2003), a schoolteacher and native of Ohio, and Charles Davis Lowe, a trial lawyer. His parents divorced when Lowe and his younger brother, actor Chad, were very young. Lowe also has two half-brothers. Because of a virus during infancy, he is deaf in his right ear (he later played a deaf character in Stephen King's The Stand).
Lowe was baptized into the Episcopal church. He is of German, English, Irish, Scottish, and Welsh ancestry. On the show Who Do You Think You Are?, Lowe found out that one of his ancestors was a Hessian mercenary soldier. His ancestor was fighting under the command of Colonel Johann Gottlieb Rall and was captured at the American Victory at Trenton, New Jersey on the morning of December 26, 1776. As an American POW, his ancestor, Christopher East, was given a choice, and took the option to stay in the USA.
Lowe was raised in a "traditional midwestern setting" in Dayton, Ohio, attending Oakwood Junior High School, before moving to the Point Dume area of Malibu, California, with his mother and brother.
One of Lowe's earliest roles came in the 1983 TV film Thursday's Child, for which he received his first Golden Globe Award nomination for Best Supporting Actor in a Series, Miniseries, or Television Film. His breakthrough role was his big screen debut in 1983, when he and Emilio Estevez were cast in Francis Ford Coppola's The Outsiders. Lowe played the role of Sodapop Curtis, the brother of the main character Ponyboy Curtis (C. Thomas Howell) and Darrel Curtis (Patrick Swayze). Lowe and Estevez reunited in St. Elmo's Fire, making them the two more prominent actors from the group known as the Brat Pack. About Last Night... followed, with Demi Moore (who had starred alongside Lowe in St. Elmo's Fire). He then received his second Golden Globe Award nomination for Best Supporting Actor for his role as the mentally disabled Rory in Square Dance (1987). In August, 1987 he performed on stage, playing Baron Tusenbach in Chekov's The Three Sisters at The Williamstown Theatre Festival. He recalled meeting Paul Newman there, and that the older actor encouraged him to work in the theater, in 1993 when filming a British TV production of the Tennessee Williams play Suddenly Last Summer with Maggie Smith and Natasha Richardson.
Lowe is well known for playing Sam Seaborn in the television series The West Wing from 1999 to 2003 (and briefly in 2006). His performance in the show garnered Lowe a Primetime Emmy Award nomination and two Golden Globe Award nominations for Best Actor in a Drama Series. Lowe was drawn to the role because of his personal love of politics, and his longstanding personal relationship with Martin Sheen, who was cast as President Bartlet. When the show premiered, Seaborn was considered the lead, and the pilot centered on the character. But the acclaimed cast of the show—including Allison Janney, Richard Schiff, Dulé Hill, John Spencer, Bradley Whitford, Martin Sheen (whose President Bartlet was initially scripted as a small role) and Stockard Channing (whose First Lady was initially scripted as a guest role)— were all strong actors and eventually Lowe's character was no longer the lead. Lowe and series creator Aaron Sorkin soon found themselves at odds over the network's meddling with the show, most notably the network demanding changes in the Sam Seaborn character. Eventually, Lowe left the series, not long before Sorkin and director/executive producer Thomas Schlamme unceremoniously quit over a dispute with NBC. During the final season of The West Wing, Lowe returned to his role of Sam Seaborn, appearing in two of the final four episodes. In 2011, Lowe appeared on The Oprah Winfrey Show and stated that he left the show because he did not feel he was being respected, when the other lead characters received a raise and he did not.
After leaving the show, Lowe was the star and executive producer of a failed NBC drama, The Lyon's Den (2003). In 2004, he tried again in a series entitled Dr. Vegas, but it also was quickly canceled. In 2005, he starred as Lieutenant Daniel Kaffee in a London West End production of Sorkin's play A Few Good Men, the first time the two had worked together since The West Wing. Although Lowe had expressed unhappiness about his decreased role on that show at the time of his departure, he has now repeatedly said that any animosity between them is over and that he was pleased to be working once more with Sorkin, whose talents as a writer Lowe highly regards. Lowe passed on the role of Dr. Derek Shepherd of Grey's Anatomy, which eventually went to Patrick Dempsey.
Despite his two canceled TV series and flops like View From the Top and the made-for-TV movie Perfect Strangers during his post–West Wing run, Lowe found success in the TV miniseries genre. 2004 marked his return to this genre; he had appeared in 1994's The Stand, based on Stephen King's book of the same name. In 2004 Lowe starred in the TNT remake of the Stephen King miniseries Salem's Lot which was the highest rated cable program of that summer and the highest ratings TNT original programming had at the time. In 2005 Lowe starred in the miniseries Beach Girls on the Lifetime network, based on the Luanne Rice novel of the same name. The series premiere received the highest ratings for a movie premiere in Lifetime history. In that same year, Lowe filmed his role as a movie agent in the 2006 independent film Thank You for Smoking. In 2006 he filmed The Perfect Day for TNT, in which he took a pay cut to film in New Orleans in order to help the hurricane-ravaged area. That same year, Lowe filmed Stir of Echoes: The Homecoming, the sequel to the 1999 Kevin Bacon thriller Stir of Echoes.
In 2006, it was announced that Lowe would join the cast of Brothers & Sisters for a guest run of several episodes. In January 2007, ABC announced that Lowe would be staying on Brothers and Sisters as a "special guest star" for the rest of Season 1 after Lowe's initial appearance on the show in November 2006 brought the best ratings and demographic showing for the show since its premiere. Soon after ABC announced an early Season 2 renewal for Brother & Sisters in March 2007, Lowe announced he would be returning for the show's second season. He continued to appear in the series until the end of the 2009–2010 season. Unhappy with the stories and his lack of screen time in the fourth season, Lowe announced he would leave. In an episode broadcast on May 16, 2010, his character was part of a multi-vehicle crash involving a large truck and was put into a coma, the storyline was wrapped up in the first episode of the fifth season; Lowe did not appear in the episode.
In June 2006, he was the guest host for an episode in the third series of The Friday Night Project for the United Kingdom's Channel 4. Lowe has also appeared in a televised advertisement for 'Visit California', along with other celebrities including Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger. (In the advertisement campaign, he was usually pictured in a white tee-shirt printed with the California state flag.) Lowe had a supporting role in the 2009 movie The Invention of Lying and a leading role in Too Late to Say Goodbye.
In 2010, he appeared in the biography of the Brat Packers called: Brat Pack: Where Are They Now? He also appeared on The Tonight Show with Conan O'Brien. Lowe is currently teaming up with 44 Blue to produce a reality series entitled Potomac Fever about young adults living in Washington, D.C.
In July 2010, it was announced that Lowe would be providing the voice for the superhero Captain Marvel in the upcoming animated series, Young Justice. It was also announced in July 2010 that Lowe would become a series regular on the series Parks and Recreation. In 2011, Lowe guest starred in a recurring role on Showtime's comedy Californication. Lowe featured as the troubled but in-demand actor Eddie Nero – a character based upon "about ten people", according to Lowe but somewhat contradicted by sources at Showtime itself – employed to portray Hank in a film version of his book, Fucking and Punching.
In 2014, Lowe narrated, The '90s: The Last Great Decade?, on National Geographic Channel, which aired in July.
Lowe has been a commercial spokesman for DirecTV since fall 2014. Commercials featuring Lowe contrast him with some alternate, less appealing form of Lowe, who instead has cable. The advertisements were pulled in April 2015 after the National Advertising Division, acting on a complaint by Comcast, found DirecTV's claims about its customer satisfaction, quality, and ranking to be less than truthful.
In 2011, Lowe wrote a memoir titled Stories I Only Tell My Friends, which was released in May 2011. During his promotional tour for Stories I Only Tell My Friends, Lowe told Australian radio show The Kyle & Jackie O Show that during his five-day press visit to Australia in 1990, he was so badly affected by the overuse of painkillers that the only two things he remembers from the trip was being at the Sydney Zoo and getting a tattoo, although he states in his book that he does not remember getting the tattoo. In 2014, Lowe wrote a second book titled Love Life, which was released in April that year. He uses stories and observations from his life in a poignant and humorous series of true tales about men and women, art and commerce, fathers and sons, addiction and recovery, and sex and love.
In December 2015, Lowe was honored with a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. His star is located in front of the Musso and Frank Grill on Hollywood Boulevard.
In 2015, Lowe launched Profile™, a men's skincare product line. The line features a collection of five antiaging products specially formulated for men. It is currently sold at Nordstrom stores and online. The product collection includes a cleanser, a shave gel, an aftershave serum, a moisturizer, and an eye serum in the price range of $24.50 to $59.50.
In 2016, Lowe will launch a fragrance product line called 18 Amber Wood with the Profile™ brand.
Family and relationships
Lowe married Sheryl Berkoff in July 1991. They met each other in 1983 on a blind date, and again in 1989 when Lowe was filming Bad Influence. The couple have two sons: Matthew Edward Lowe (b. 1993), and John Owen Lowe (b. 1995).
In 1988, Lowe was involved in a sex scandal over a videotape of him having sex with a sixteen-year-old girl he met in a night-club. They were videotaped the night before the Democratic National Convention in Atlanta, Georgia. As the age of consent is sixteen years in Georgia, both were of legal age to engage in sexual activity, although not to be recorded. At the time, Lowe was campaigning for Michael Dukakis.
Another part of the same tape was leaked at the time, showing Lowe and his friend Justin Moritt both having vaginal and oral sex with a young American model named Jennifer, who was never identified, in a hotel room in Paris. This part of the original tape was sold as one of the first commercially available celebrity sex tapes, damaging Lowe's public image. Eventually, his career rebounded, and Lowe mocked his own behavior during two post-scandal appearances as host of Saturday Night Live.
Nanny lawsuit cases
In April 2008, Lowe filed separate lawsuits against three former employees accusing them of breach of contract, defamation and intentional infliction of emotional distress. Lowe accused an ex‑nanny of engaging in a scheme to hurt the couple by spreading "malicious lies." Another former nanny was accused of falsely claiming to have had a personal and intimate relationship with Lowe, and also repeatedly expressing romantic interest in Lowe, claiming Lowe sexually harassed her and that Sheryl Lowe was an abusive employer. Rob Lowe claimed a former chef engaged in sex on their bed when the family was out of town, stole prescription drugs from the Lowes, broke several security cameras, overcharged them for food, and allegedly made statements to various people that Sheryl was heartless, cold and unclean.
Jessica Gibson, twenty-four-year-old former nanny for Lowe, made twelve allegations against Lowe involving sexual harassment claims and labor-code violations. On June 19, 2008, Santa Barbara, California, Superior Court Judge Denise de Bellefeuille dismissed two allegations regarding labor-code violations due to lack of legal basis. The legal battle ended in May 2009, the press reported that court records showed that lawsuits filed by both nannies and Lowe were dismissed in Santa Barbara. Attorneys for both women and Lowe sought the dismissals.
Lowe was the first male spokesperson for the 2000 Lee National Denim Day fundraiser, which raises millions of dollars for breast cancer research and education. His grandmother and great-grandmother both suffered from breast cancer, and his mother died of the disease in late 2003.
Lowe is a founder of the Homeowner's Defense Fund, a Santa Barbara County non-profit, non-partisan organization dedicated to local control of land-use planning and transparency in government. The average price of tract homes in Santa Barbara in early 2006 was US$1,100,000, which motivated some to propose denser housing on existing lots. While in favor of increasing housing density, Lowe sought to build a 14,260-square-foot (1,325 m2) mansion for himself on an empty lot in Montecito, California. His protest over the appearance of the address of the empty lot in the Santa Barbara News-Press precipitated a mass resignation of senior employees at that newspaper on July 6, 2006.
|1983||The Outsiders||Sodapop Curtis|
|1983||Class||Franklin 'Skip' Burroughs IV|
|1984||The Hotel New Hampshire||John Berry|
|1984||Oxford Blues||Nick De Angelo|
|1985||Go-Go's: Prime Time||Hunk at the dance|
|1985||St. Elmo's Fire||Billy Hixx|
|1986||About Last Night...||Danny Martin|
|1988||Illegally Yours||Richard Dice|
|1990||If the Shoe Fits||Francesco Salvitore|
|1991||The Finest Hour||Lawrence Hammer|
|1991||The Dark Backward||Dirk Delta|
|1992||Wayne's World||Benjamin Kane|
|1993||Fox Hunt||Edison Pettibone|
|1994||Frank & Jesse||Jesse James|
|1994||Stephen King's The Stand||Nick Andros|
|1995||Tommy Boy||Paul Barish||Uncredited|
|1997||For Hire||Mitch Lawrence|
|1997||Austin Powers: International Man of Mystery||Decapitated henchman's friend||Uncredited|
|1997||Living in Peril||Walter Woods|
|1998||One Hell of a Guy||Nick|
|1998||Crazy Six||Billie, a.k.a. Crazy Six|
|1999||Dead Silent||Kevin Finney|
|1999||Austin Powers: The Spy Who Shagged Me||Number Two from 1969|
|2000||The Specials||The Weevil/Tony|
|2002||Austin Powers in Goldmember||Middle Number Two|
|2003||View from the Top||Co-Pilot Steve Bench|
|2005||Thank You for Smoking||Jeff Megall|
|2009||The Invention of Lying||Brad Kessler|
|2009||Too Late To Say Goodbye||Bart|
|2011||I Melt With You||Jonathan|
|2011||Breakaway||Coach Dan Winters|
|2012||Knife Fight||Paul Turner|
|2013||Behind the Candelabra||Dr. Jack Startz|
|2014||Sex Tape||Hank Rosenbaum|
|2014||Pocket Listing||Frank Hunter|
|1979–1980||A New Kind of Family||Tony Flannagan||11 episodes|
|1980||ABC Afterschool Special||Charles Elderberry||Episode: "Schoolboy Father"|
|1981||ABC Afterschool Special||Jeff Bartlett||Episode: "A Matter of Time"|
|1983||Thursday's Child||Sam Alden||Television film|
|1990–2000||Saturday Night Live||Host||3 episodes|
|1993||Great Performances||Doctor Cukrowicz||Episode: "Suddenly, Last Summer"|
|1994||The Stand||Nick Andros||4 episodes|
|1995||The Larry Sanders Show||Himself||Episode: "The Bump"|
|1995||Midnight Man||Sean Dillon||Television film|
|1996||On Dangerous Ground||Sean Dillon||Television film|
|1996||First Degree||Det. Rick Mallory||Television film|
|1998||Stories from My Childhood||Ivan (voice)||Episode: "Ivan and His Magic Pony"|
|1998||Outrage||Tom Casey||Television film|
|1999||Atomic Train||John Seger||Television film|
|1999||Winding Roads||Partygoer||Television film|
|1999–2006||The West Wing||Sam Seaborn||79 episodes|
|2000||Under Pressure||John Spencer||Television film|
|2001||Jane Doe||David Doe||Television film|
|2002||Framed||Det. Mike Santini||Television film|
|2002||The Christmas Shoes||Robert Layton||Television film|
|2003||The Lyon's Den||Jack Turner||13 episodes|
|2004||Dr. Vegas||Dr. Billy Grant||10 episodes|
|2004||Salem's Lot||Ben Mears||2 episodes|
|2004||Perfect Strangers||Lloyd Rockwell||Television film|
|2005||Beach Girls||Jack Kilvert||6 episodes|
|2005||The Christmas Blessing||Robert Layton||Television film|
|2006–2010||Brothers & Sisters||Robert McCallister||77 episodes|
|2006||A Perfect Day||Rob Harlan||Television film|
|2007||Stir of Echoes: The Homecoming||Ted Cogan||Television film|
|2007-2009||Family Guy||Stanford Cordray/Himself (voice)||Episodes: "Road to Rupert" and "Not All Dogs Go to Heaven"|
|2010–2015||Parks and Recreation||Chris Traeger||76 episodes|
|2011||Young Justice||Captain Marvel (voice)||2 episodes|
|2011–2014||Californication||Eddie Nero||6 episodes|
|2012||Drew Peterson: Untouchable||Drew Peterson||Television film|
|2013||Prosecuting Casey Anthony||Jeff Ashton||Television film|
|2013||Behind the Candelabra||Dr. Jack Startz||Television film|
|2013||Killing Kennedy||John F. Kennedy||Television film|
|2013||Franklin & Bash||Himself||Episode: "Shoot to Kill"|
|2015||Beautiful & Twisted||Ben Novack, Jr.||Television film|
|2015||Moonbeam City||Dazzle Novak (voice)||10 episodes|
|2015–2016||The Grinder||Dean Sanderson||22 episodes|
|2015||You, Me and the Apocalypse||Father Jude Sutton||8 episodes|
|2015–present||The Lion Guard||Simba (voice)||3 episodes|
Awards and nominations
- "Monitor". Entertainment Weekly (1251): 25. Mar 22, 2013.
- Behind he Candelabra cast and crew
- "Killing Kennedy". Killing Kennedy - National Geographic Channel.
- Rob Lowe at emmys.com
- Rob Lowe at goldenglobes.com
- "Rob Lowe profile at FilmReference.com". Filmreference.com. Retrieved 2011-11-25.
- Fanshawe, Simon (March 23, 2002). "Pretty witty". The Guardian. London. Retrieved May 22, 2010.
- Stated on Who Do You Think You Are?, April 27, 2012
- Vanity Fair, Rob Lowe on His Early Years as an Actor, His Friendships with the Sheens and Tom Cruise, and the Movie that Launched His Career, The Outsiders March 29, 2011. Retrieved February 8, 2012.
- New York Times, He's Handsome — You Noticed? — but Not Just April 20, 2011. Retrieved February 8, 2012.
- Oprah.com, Stories Rob Lowe Only Tells His Friends April 28, 2011. Retrieved February 8, 2012.
- Lowe, Rob. Stories I Only Tell My Friends. 2011.
- Christian Science Monitor Williamstown turns up the star power for Chekhov by Hilary DeVries. August 28, 1987.
- Los Angeles Times, Williams Play a Different Role for Rob Lowe by Susan King Jan 6 1993
- "Rob Lowe". Television Academy.
- "Rob Lowe on 'West Wing' departure – KARIN TANABE | POLITICO CLICK". Politico.com. April 28, 2011. Retrieved 2011-11-25.
- Keck, William (November 17, 2006). "Lowe back in politics". USA Today. Retrieved May 22, 2010.
- "Rob Lowe to Write Memoir, Produce Reality TV". TVGuide.com.
- CCI: Shazam! Rob Lowe To Voice Captain Marvel In Young Justice « Spinoff Online – Covering TV, Film and Entertainment News Daily. Spinoff.comicbookresources.com (July 22, 2010). Retrieved January 19, 2011.
- Rice, Lynette. (July 30, 2010) Rob Lowe joins 'Parks and Recreation' as a series regular (Inside TV, EW.com). Insidetv.ew.com. Retrieved January 19, 2011.
- "Californication: Rob Lowe on Californication". Californication. Showtime. Retrieved August 11, 2011.
- Porter, Rick. "Rob Lowe IS Brad Pitt on 'Californication'". From Inside the Box. Zap2It. Retrieved August 11, 2011.
- Bierly, Mandi. (April 26, 2010) Rob Lowe to guest on 'Californication': Another reason to be happy he's leaving 'Brothers & Sisters' (PopWatch, EW.com). Popwatch.ew.com. Retrieved January 19, 2011.
- Elavsky, Cindy (February 16, 2014). "Celebrity Extra". King Features. Retrieved May 8, 2014.
- "Rob Lowe to Narrate National Geographic Channel's Miniseries Event 'The '90's: The Last Great Decade?' - Ratings - TVbytheNumbers.Zap2it.com". TVbytheNumbers.
- Grey NY introduces yet another Rob Lowe for DirecTV. Mediabistro.com. Retrieved January 11, 2015.
- Justin Wm. Moyer (April 8, 2015). "Rob Lowe DirecTV ad campaign nixed". Washington Post.
- Wagmeister, Elizabeth. "Fox Orders Rob Lowe Comedy 'The Grinder' To Pilot". Variety.
- "Exclusive: Rob Lowe Opens Up: The Brat Pack, Love, Sex, Scandal, Sobriety". Oprah.com. April 28, 2011. Retrieved 2011-11-25.
- Lowe, Rob (May 31, 2011). Celebrity interview. Interview with The Kyle & Jackie O Show. Today Network. 2DayFM. Sydney, Australia.
- "Lion King spin-off taps Rob Lowe as Simba, Gabrielle Union, James Earl Jones and more". ew.com. August 12, 2015. Retrieved 2015-08-12.
- "Profile 4 Men".
- "Profile 4 Men Skincare Line".
- Naughton, Julie (May 19, 2015). "Rob Lowe Launching Profile Skin Care Line". WWD. Retrieved 2016-01-19.
- "Profile 18 Amber Wood: bois d'ambre - Rob Lowe's Perfume & Hair Evolutions are Meshed". March 1, 2016. Retrieved 2016-06-21.
- "Rob Lowe". Yahoo! TV. Retrieved July 25, 2012.
- Green, Michelle (March 19, 1990), "Rob Lowe's Tale of the Tape", People, 33 (11), pp. 58–65
- Berens, Jessica (July 8, 2001). "Lowe profile". The Observer. Retrieved August 7, 2010.
- Ogunnaike, Lola (March 19, 2006). "Sex, Lawsuits and Celebrities Caught on Tape". New York Times. Retrieved May 15, 2011.
- "Church Chat: Church Lady Spanks Rob Lowe". NBC. 1990-03-17. Retrieved June 2, 2014.
- Dodd, Johnny. (April 7, 2008) Rob Lowe Lawsuit Claims Ex-Employee Had Sex on His Bed, Stole Prescription Drugs. People.com. Retrieved January 19, 2011.
- Lee, Ken (June 19, 2008). "Judge Dismisses Two Claims Against Rob Lowe". People. Retrieved June 19, 2008.
- Rob Lowe Ends Fight With Second Nanny ABC. May 14, 2009
- Merriam, Kan (October 2, 2000). "Millions Join Breast Cancer Crusade Americans to Rally in Denim On Lee National Denim Day(R) October 6th". Retrieved December 29, 2012.
- "How to Cope With Breast Cancer". CNN. September 15, 2000. Retrieved December 29, 2012.
- Santa Barbara County Planning and Development. Applications.sbcountyplanning.org. Retrieved January 19, 2011.
- Rainey, James (July 7, 2006). "5 Editors, Columnist Quit in Santa Barbara". LA Times. Retrieved 29 December 2012.
- Roderick |, Kevin (July 13, 2006). "Dueling versions in Santa Barbara". www.laobserved.com. Retrieved December 29, 2012.
- American Journalism Review, December 2005/January 2006, (archived in WebCite on June 4, 2007)
- Bollywood/Hockey Drama Break Away stars filming with Lowe, Belle Indie Wire. September 28, 2010
- "Rob Lowe driving Monster Trucks". moviehole.net. April 29, 2014. Retrieved April 29, 2014.
- "Rob Lowe Joins 'Monster Trucks'". April 29, 2014. Retrieved April 29, 2014.
- "Beautiful & Twisted". mylifetime.com. January 16, 2015. Retrieved January 16, 2015.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Rob Lowe.|