Robbins, North Carolina
|Robbins, North Carolina|
Central business district of Robbins
|• Mayor||Lonnie B. English |
|• Total||1.3 sq mi (3.3 km2)|
|• Land||1.3 sq mi (3.3 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||440 ft (134 m)|
|• Estimate (2016)||1,180|
|• Density||840/sq mi (330/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||0993441|
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The town, now known as Robbins, actually began in 1795 when gunsmith Alexander Kennedy and his family left Philadelphia to settle along Bear Creek. Kennedy set up a factory, which produced long rifles for American soldiers, near the site of the present day Robbins Water Plant. The Kennedy Rifle Works continued in operation until 1838 and the place became known as Mechanics Hill.
In 1891, the Durham and Charlotte Railroad connected Gulf in Chatham County to Troy in Montgomery County. The railroad reached Mechanics Hill around 1899. Railroad construction added many jobs and greatly increased the number of settlers. The railroad not only created its own jobs, it generated commerce by providing a ready means of transportation for turpentine, talc, pottery, lumber, agricultural products, and passengers. John B. Lennig was President and owner of the company(Frequently misspelled as Lenning). Lennig's tenure with the company was, off and on, for about 12 years. During that time, town lots and streets were designed. A map was registered at the Moore County Register of Deeds Office on March 24, 1900 and the town was named Elise, in honor of Lennig's daughter.(Pronounced A-lise, this is commonly mispronounced as E-lise).
In 1896, the John L. Frye Company, a producer of lumber for the rail and pallet industries, was established. Railroads across the US are supported by cross ties made in Robbins. John Lennig Frye, a past mayor, was named after John B. Lennig, the railroad owner.
Education was a major concern for the citizens of Elise and the surrounding communities. Some local businessmen and Lennig met many times to discuss these concerns. These meetings resulted in the founding of Elise Academy in 1904. The academy had a very proud standing and children from the town, and from other states and countries, made up the first class. Elise Academy operated until 1940, when it was sold to the Moore County Board of Education. Today it is Elise Middle School in the town's center.
In 1890, the inventor Thomas Edison visited the town to take option on gold mining interests in the Carter's Mill area. Between 1923 and 1924, generators were installed at Carter's Mill, along Bear Creek, adjacent to Elise, and the first power was supplied to this area. In 1924 and 1925, William Cowgill built the first textile plant here, operating it as Moore Mills Textiles Plant. Three different companies operated that mill until September 1930, when Karl Robbins (1892-1960), a Russian-American manufacturer and philanthropist, purchased the mill and renamed it Pinehurst Silk Mills.
In 1935, the town's name was changed again. The name was changed to Hemp, to avoid confusion between Elise and another town in North Carolina that had a similar name. The name Hemp came from hemp rope, not from growing cannabis. For a while,the train depot had Elise on the track side and Hemp over the mail room side.
Karl Robbins brought great prominence to Hemp. He was responsible for a modern water treatment plant and a wastewater disposal system being completed in 1937. He also provided for recreational facilities, dial telephone service, a new firetruck, and a baseball park. Robbins started a non profit, Pinelands and gave or loaned the first $400,000.00 for Research Triangle Park to be started just outside of Raleigh, North Carolina at the request of Governor Luther Hodges, who was a close personal friend of Mayor W.P. Saunders.
In honor of Karl Robbins, the citizens of Hemp changed the name of the town to Robbins. The name of the town officially became Robbins in 1943, by act of the North Carolina General Assembly.
Later industries included a poultry processing plant, a mobile home manufacturing plant, and several textile mills. Ithaca Industries was a textile manufacturer that produced women's hosiery. At the height of its operation, the plant employed 1,100 people.
Robbins, like other rural towns in the South, suffered a loss to its manufacturing base that escalated during the 1990s. According to the Employment Security Commission, Robbins has lost 1,447 jobs since 1990. With the loss of jobs and manufacturing the town lost a large portion of its water and sewer customers.
Robbins is located at (35.430024, -79.580284).
Robbins is located on North Carolina Highway 705, the Pottery Highway.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.3 square miles (3.4 km2), all of it land.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,195 people, 423 households, and 286 families residing in the city. The population density was 935.1 people per square mile (360.5/km²). There were 471 housing units at an average density of 368.6 per square mile (142.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 63.60% White, 2.34% African American, 0.33% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.42% Pacific Islander, 32.30% from other races, and 0.84% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 48.37% of the population.
There were 423 households out of which 33.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.1% were married couples living together, 12.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.2% were non-families. 29.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.81 and the average family size was 3.45.
In the city, the population was spread out with 28.5% under the age of 18, 12.1% from 18 to 24, 28.7% from 25 to 44, 16.2% from 45 to 64, and 14.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 102.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.7 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $28,828, and the median income for a family was $33,523. Males had a median income of $21,346 versus $17,391 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,468. About 18.4% of families and 22.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.1% of those under age 18 and 10.7% of those age 65 or over.
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There are many attractions in the Robbins area, such as the annual Farmers Day celebration and the Northern Moore Fiddlers Convention. The most popular places in Robbins are Milliken (mill-a-ken) Park, Robbins Mill Pond Park, Bear Creek Trails, Bear Creek, Tracy Brown Park, Grill 221, Casa Garcia Mexican Restaurant, Carolina Fried Chicken Restaurant and the Little Village Restaurant. Currently, Robbins is in the middle of restoring its historic Robbins Village Theater (1946) and train depot. It is also home to the Standard Mineral Company, a mine on the outskirts of town that ships pyrophyllite all over the world. Situs, an advisor of global real estate industry is a major employer of Robbins. War Sport Industries is maintaining the towns heritage of gun manufacturing with the opening of gun and ammo manufacturing facilities.
The Town of Robbins currently owns the 12 acre mill site where the Milliken mill burned down. The town was awarded a Brownfield Grant to clean up the debris from the fire and develop it into an industrial site. This site is available to an industry that can hire a certain number of employees and will benefit from town and county tax incentives as an economic development tool. The site is served by Aberdeen, Carolina and Western Railway.
The town board and manager is committed to bringing Robbins back to life by concentrating on economic development, cleaning blight and rebuilding the infrastructure. In 2016, the town was awarded a Community Block Development Grant of 2 million dollars to improve the water system and the board committed another 150,000. for waste water improvements. To improve the visual image of the town, the historic depot is being restored, a green space that will have a future pavilion has been added for community events along with aggressive building code enforcement. In 2017 alone, thirteen dilapidated buildings in the city limits were removed and many others improved. Amazingly, the tax rate has been lowered twice since 2012 while still accomplishing the revitalization efforts. This hard work attracted Minhas, a division of Flair Enterprises that manufactures furniture and will bring 130 jobs by spring 2018.
The new Robbins Fire & Rescue building was built in 2013 with a combined effort of the Town of Robbins, Moore County, USDA and the Robbins Volunteer Fire Association. The building is used by the USDA as a model for other fire departments to build by. The department serves the largest fire/rescue district in Moore County and answers over 600 calls a year with two full-time, several part-time and nearly forty volunteers. Currently the building houses four pumper engines, a brush unit, a heavy rescue vehicle, an ambulance and two quick response vehicles. The Robbins Volunteer Fire Association and the town partners together to sponsor the Annual Farmers Day events as its main fundraiser. This emergency service is also used by the town commissioners as an economic development tool to ensure potential industry that they will have more than adequate facility protection and employee care.
- Karl Robbins (1892-1960) Namesake of Robbins, NC, owned the textile mill that later became Milliken. Donated generously to the town establishing the water plant and water/wastewater infrastructure. He served as chairman of the Research Triangle Committee during its planning stages and donated over 4,000 acres to the state for the site of the research park. He founded a medical school at Yeshiva University in New York City and was a founder of the Federation of Jewish Philanthropies of New York and a patron of the New York University–Bellevue Medical Center. In 1951 he established the Karl Robbins Scholarship Fund at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology to further textile technology.
- Charles E. Brady Jr. (1951-2006), Astronaut, flew on space shuttle STS-78 in 1996 and logged over 405 hours in space.
- John Edwards (1953-), American politician, former US Senator, two-time Presidential candidate, 2004 Vice-Presidential running mate of John Kerry, grew up in Robbins (he was born in Seneca, South Carolina).
- Cam Thomas (1986-), NFL Football player for the Kansas City Chiefs. He played for the Pittsburgh Steelers for 2 seasons after becoming a free agent from the San Diego Chargers. Originally drafted in the 5th round of the 2010 NFL Draft by the San Diego Chargers. Played high school football at North Moore High School, and college football at the University of North Carolina.
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- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.