Robert A. J. Gagnon

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Robert A. J. Gagnon
Robert A. Gagnon.jpg
Born (1958-07-31) July 31, 1958 (age 60)
TitleAssociate Professor of New Testament, Pittsburgh Theological Seminary
Academic background
EducationDartmouth College, Harvard Divinity School, Princeton Theological Seminary (PhD)
ThesisShould we sin? The Romans debate and Romans 6:1-7:6 (1993)
Academic work
DisciplineBiblical studies
Sub-disciplineNT studies
InstitutionsPittsburgh Theological Seminary
Main interestsPauline theology and sexuality
Notable worksThe Bible and Homosexual Practice: Texts and Hermeneutics (2001)

Robert A. J. Gagnon (born July 31, 1958) is an American theological writer and former associate professor of the New Testament at the Pittsburgh Theological Seminary,[1][2] and an elder in the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.).[3] He holds a BA from Dartmouth and an MTS from Harvard Divinity School, as well as a PhD from the Princeton Theological Seminary.[1][2]

Gagnon's primary fields are Pauline theology and sexuality. Gagnon has focused on the issue of The Bible and homosexuality. Gagnon has been described by theologian James V. Brownson as "the foremost traditionalist interpreter" on this topic,[4] and has published several books and articles about the subject.[2]

Gagnon's work on homosexuality is derived from Old and New Testament texts dealing with sexuality. Gagnon's arguments are based on reproductive biology and gender complementarity,[4] in which Gagnon presents and interprets moderns scholarship on the ancient texts.[5] Gagnon's use of arguments based on "natural law" has been criticized by Jack Bartlett Rogers as applying a "nonbiblical standard" and claiming "that all people who are homosexual have willfully chosen that behavior and therefore can successfully change their sexual identity,"[6]

In the coauthored book Homosexuality and the Bible, Gagnon presents a conservative side of the debate on homosexuality and the church, while Dan O. Via, Professor Emeritus of New Testament at Duke Divinity School, presents an opposing view.[7][8]

In his paper Why the 'Weak' at Rome Cannot Be Non-Christian Jews, Gagnon disputes work by Mark D. Nanos,[9][10] who argues that Paul the Apostle was a Torah-observant follower of Judaism.[11]



  • Gagnon, Robert A. J. (1993). Should we sin? The Romans debate and Romans 6:1-7:6 (Ph.D.). Princeton Theological Seminary. OCLC 29423276.[12]


Articles and chapters[edit]

  • ——— (January 2000). "Why the 'Weak' at Rome Cannot Be Non-Christian Jews". Catholic Biblical Quarterly. 62 (1): 64–82.


  1. ^ a b McDermott, Gerald (2011). The Oxford Handbook of Evangelical Theology. Oxford University Press. p. xii.
  2. ^ a b c "Faculty Bio". Pittsburgh Theological Seminary. Retrieved 28 June 2013.
  3. ^ Leonard, Kim (15 March 2009). "Pittsburgh Presbytery rejects gay minister measure". Pittsburgh Tribune-Review. Retrieved 28 June 2013.
  4. ^ a b Brownson, James Victor (2013). Bible, Gender, Sexuality: Reframing the Church's Debate on Same-Sex Relationships. William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. pp. 21, 23.
  5. ^ Harrington, Daniel (11 March 2002). "The Bible and Homosexual Practice: Texts and Hermeneutics". America: the National Catholic Weekly. 186: 8 – via ProQuest.
  6. ^ Rogers, Jack Bartlett (2009). Jesus, the Bible, and Homosexuality: Explode the Myths, Heal the Church. Westminster John Knox Press. pp. 77–79.
  7. ^ Renato, John (2006). "Book Review: 'Homosexuality And The Bible. Two Views'". Feminist Theology. SAGE. 15: 127–128.
  8. ^ Siker, Jeffrey S. (2005). "Book Review: 'Homosexuality And The Bible. Two Views'". Interpretation. SAGE. 59 (1): 90–92.
  9. ^ Harrison, James R. (2003). Paul's Language of Grace in Its Graeco-Roman Context. Mohr Siebeck Verlag. pp. 213–214.
  10. ^ Kinzer, Mark (2005). Postmissionary Messianic Judaism: Redefining Christian Engagement with the Jewish People. Brazos Press. p. 75.
  11. ^ Bird, Michael F. (ed.) (2012). Four Views on the Apostle Paul. Zondervan. p. 166.CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)
  12. ^ "WebVoyáge Holdings Information". Pittsburgh Theological Seminary. 1993. Retrieved 2013-06-25.

External links[edit]