Robert Abercromby of Airthrey

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Sir Robert Abercromby
Robert Abercrombie.jpg
Robert Abercromby painted in 1788 by George Romney
Born 1740
Died 1827 (aged 86–87)
Allegiance Kingdom of Great Britain United Kingdom
Service/branch Flag of the British Army.svg British Army
Rank General
Commands held Bombay Army
Indian Army
Battles/wars French and Indian War
American Revolutionary War
Third Anglo-Mysore War
Awards Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath

General Sir Robert Abercromby GCB (1740–1827), the youngest brother of Sir Ralph Abercromby, was a general in the army, a knight of the Bath, and at one period the Governor of Bombay and Commander-in-Chief of the Bombay Army and then Commander-in-Chief, India.

Military career[edit]

Abercromby served in the French and Indian War, and was promoted captain in 1761. In 1773, he was promoted to lieutenant colonel of the 37th Regiment of Foot. During the American Revolutionary War, he fought at the Battle of Long Island, the Battle of Brandywine, the Battle of Germantown, the Battle of Crooked Billet, the Battle of Monmouth and at the sieges of Charleston and Yorktown, where he commanded the left wing of the British forces. He commanded a battalion of light infantry for most of the war. After the war, he was promoted to colonel. Abercromby served in India from 1790–1797, where he was Governor of Bombay and Commander-in-Chief of the Bombay Army and then, from 1793, Commander-in-Chief, India.

He was promoted lieutenant-general in 1797, elected M.P. for the county of Clackmannan in the place of his brother Ralph in 1798, and was made governor of Edinburgh Castle in 1801—a post he held until his death—and a general in 1802. His increasing blindness made it impossible for him ever again to take active service, and obliged him to resign his seat in parliament in 1802.

Abercromby's niece married James Alexander Haldane, and Abercromby subsequently bought the estate of Airthrey, Stirlingshire from J. A. Haldane's brother Robert Haldane, who was selling his estates to take up missionary work in India. Sir Robert died at Airthrey in November 1827: aged 87, he was the oldest general in the British army. He was succeeded by his nephew, Lord Abercromby, the son of his elder brother, Sir Ralph.

External links[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
William Medows
C-in-C, Bombay Army
1790–1793
Succeeded by
James Stuart
Preceded by
Charles Cornwallis
Commander-in-Chief, India
1793–1797
Succeeded by
Charles Morgan
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Sir Ralph Abercromby
Member for Clackmannanshire and Kinross-shire
1798–1802
Succeeded by
William MacLean-Clephane