Robert Allwood (1803–1891) was an English-born cleric and academic in colonial Sydney, who served as rector of St James' Church, Sydney for 44 years.
Allwood was born in 1803 and was the son of Chief Justice Allwood, of Jamaica. He was educated at Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge, where he graduated BA in 1825. He took holy orders and was ordained deacon in 1826 by the Bishop of Bath and Wells and priest in 1827 by the Bishop of Gloucester and Bristol. He was a minor canon of Bristol Cathedral from 1826 to 1839 and curate of Clifton from 1829 to 1839.
New South Wales
Allwood emigrated to New South Wales, arriving in Sydney on 8 December 1839. From 1840 to 1884 he was incumbent of St James' Church, Sydney, where he officiated at many important events in the colony, including at the wedding of Nora Robinson and Alexander Kirkman Finlay in 1878. He was appointed canon of St Andrew's Cathedral in 1852; was chancellor of the Sydney diocese from 1876 to 1884; and Vice-Chancellor of the University of Sydney in 1869. He died on 27 October 1891.
In 1843, he published a brochure entitled "The Papal Claim of Jurisdiction" (in Australia).