Robert Atkinson (architect)
1 August 1883|
Wigton, Cumberland, England
|Died||26 December 1952
|Alma mater||University College, Nottingham|
Atkinson was born in Wigton in Cumberland and studied at University College Nottingham, and afterwards in Paris, Italy and America. He was a talented draughtsman and worked for C.E. Mallows from 1905. In turn he illustrated many of the town planning and garden designs of Thomas Hayton Mawson, included in the latter's books The Art and Craft of Garden Making, and Civic Art (1911), to which he contributed a number of skilled perspective views.
Atkinson experimented with various styles, including the American Beaux-Arts and oriental, in search of a new modern style. He is known for his cinema designs in English cities, including the 3,000 seat Regent Cinema, Brighton (built 1919–1923; demolished 1974). Described as the "first luxury cinema on the American model", it was really a recreation centre, in which one could also "take tea", eat or dance. Atkinson is also well known for the art deco interior of the Daily Express Building, London, in 1931-2, which has been described as the "best surviving art deco interior in Britain".
Atkinson did a lot of work in the Art Deco style, but found that commercial considerations meant that he had to forgo his artistic aspirations. Much of his work is not remembered or not well regarded including the government rehousing scheme built in 1946 to 1950 in Gibraltar and government offices in Marsham Street, Westminster, which were actually not built as he intended, as the design was changed after he died.
Atkinson was appointed an OBE in 1951, shortly before his death.
The following is a selection of his works:
- Barber Institute of Fine Arts, University of Birmingham (RIBA Bronze Medal,1946)
- All Hallows Twickenham (incorporating portions moved from All Hallows Lombard Street)
- Eros Cinema, Shaftesbury Avenue, London (demolished)
- Daily Express Building, London (lobby interior)
- Cannon Royal Cinema, Charing Cross Road, London
- Regent Cinema, Brighton (demolished)
- Gresham Hotel, Dublin
- Croydon 'B' power station
- Wallington Town Hall
- Canadian Red Cross Memorial Hospital, Taplow, Bucks (in grounds of Cliveden)
- City Hall, Norwich (site plan)
- Paul Spencer-Longhurst, ‘Atkinson, Robert (1883–1952)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, May 2007 accessed 11 June 2013
- Spencer-Longhurst, Paul, ed. (1989). Robert Atkinson 1883–1952. London: Architectural Association. ISBN 1870890167.
- Robert Atkinson (architect) at the archINFORM database.
- Gresham Hotel at Irish-architecture.com
- List of closed and/or demolished cinemas by Atkinson