Robert Balfour, 3rd Earl of Balfour

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Robert Arthur Lytton Balfour, 3rd Earl of Balfour (31 December 1902 – 28 November 1968), styled Viscount Traprain between 1930 and 1945, was a Scottish peer.

Balfour was the son of Gerald Balfour, 2nd Earl of Balfour, and the nephew of Arthur Balfour. He was educated at Eton and Trinity College, Cambridge. He rose to the rank of Lieutenant in the service of the Royal Naval Reserve and fought in the Second World War.

On 12 February 1925, he married Jean Lily West Roundel Cooke-Yarborough (1900-1981). They had four children:

From 1952-54, he chaired the Royal Commission on Scottish Affairs, which as a result is also referred to as the Balfour Commission.

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Masonic offices
Preceded by
Norman Orr-Ewing
Grand Master of the
Grand Lodge of Scotland

1939 – 1942
Succeeded by
John Christie Stewart
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Gerald Balfour
Earl of Balfour
Succeeded by
Gerald Balfour