Robert Bridgeman, 2nd Viscount Bridgeman

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
The Viscount Bridgeman
Born (1896-04-01)1 April 1896
London, England
Died 17 November 1982(1982-11-17) (aged 86)
Allegiance United Kingdom
Service/branch British Army
Years of service 1914–1951
Rank Major General
Unit Rifle Brigade (Prince Consort's Own)
Battles/wars First World War
Second World War
Awards Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire
Companion of the Order of the Bath
Distinguished Service Order
Military Cross
Mentioned in Despatches

Major General Robert Clive Bridgeman, 2nd Viscount Bridgeman KBE, CB, DSO, MC, JP (1 April 1896 – 17 November 1982),[1] styled The Honourable Robert Bridgeman between 1929 and 1935, was a British Army officer and peer.

Background[edit]

Born in London and baptised at St Paul's Cathedral, he was the son of William Bridgeman, 1st Viscount Bridgeman and his wife Caroline Beatrix Parker, daughter of Honourable Cecil Thomas Parker.[2] His youngest brother was Maurice Richard Bridgeman.[2] He was educated at Eton College[3] and in 1935, he succeeded his father as viscount.[4]

Military career[edit]

First World War[edit]

Bridgeman became 2nd lieutenant in the Rifle Brigade (Prince Consort's Own) in 1914 and served during the First World War.[3] He was promoted to lieutenant in 1916,[3] and received the Military Cross in the next year.[5]

For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty, in so skilfully training and-leading his company in an attack as to inflict heavy casualties upon the enemy with hardly any personal losses. He afterwards displayed great resource in keeping his headquarters informed of the situation, in spite of heavy hostile barrage, during which he was wounded, but remained at his post, showing a fine example to all ranks.

After the war, he was private secretary to his father in 1918 and became captain in 1921.[6] He graduated from staff college in 1928 and was then transferred as brevet-major to the 7th Infantry Brigade in 1932.[3] Bridgeman held this command until 1934 and became brevet lieutenant-colonel in the following year, having been simultaneously appointed to the War Office as a general staff officer.[6]

Second World War[edit]

Bridgeman retired on pay in 1937, however was reactivated to the British Expeditionary Force with the outbreak of the Second World War.[6] He was decorated with the Distinguished Service Order in 1940[7] and became first deputy director, then director-general of the British Home Guard as well as the Territorial Army in the next year.[4] In 1942, Bridgeman was promoted to colonel and temporary major-general.[6] He was nominated deputy adjutant-general to the War Office in 1944, a post he held until the end of the war.[4] In 1951, Bridgeman retired, having been granted the rank of honorary major general.[8]

Later years[edit]

Bridgeman was invested as a Companion of the Order of the Bath in the New Year's Honours 1944,[9] and became honorary colonel of the 4th Battalion, King's Shropshire Light Infantry in 1949.[10] He was awarded a Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire in 1954,[11] and was invested a Knight of the Most Venerable Order of the Hospital of Saint John of Jerusalem one year later.[12] Having been before already Deputy Lieutenant,[13] he was appointed Lord Lieutenant of Shropshire in 1951.[14] Representing the county also as Justice of the Peace, he held the Lord Lieutenantcy until 1970.[15] Bridgeman was president of the West Midland Territorial Army and Volunteer Reserve Association in 1968 and the next year.[6]

Family[edit]

Arms of the Viscount Bridgeman

On 12 June 1930, he married Mary Kathleen Lane Fox, second daughter of George Lane-Fox, 1st Baron Bingley, and had by her three daughters.[16] He was succeeded in the viscountcy by his nephew Robin Bridgeman, the son of his younger brother Geoffrey.[16] Lady Bridgeman died in 1981. He died on 17 November 1982 aged eighty-six, and was buried in the churchyard at Hope near Minsterley, Shropshire.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Leigh Rayment – Peerage". Retrieved 15 August 2009. 
  2. ^ a b Fox-Davies, Arthur Charles (1929). Armorial Families. vol. I. London: Hurst & Blackett. p. 213. 
  3. ^ a b c d Who is Who 1963 (87th ed.). London: A. & C. Black Ltd. 1963. p. 353. 
  4. ^ a b c Sir Cuthbert Morley Headlam, Stuart Ball, eds. (1999). Parliament and Politics in the Age of Churchill and Attlee. Cambridge University Press. p. 339. ISBN 0-521-66143-9. 
  5. ^ "(Supplement) no. 30234". The London Gazette. 14 August 1917. p. 8360. Retrieved 15 August 2009. 
  6. ^ a b c d e "Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives – BRIDGEMAN, Maj-Gen Robert Clive, 2nd Viscount Bridgeman". Retrieved 15 August 2009. 
  7. ^ "(Supplement) no. 34893". The London Gazette. 9 July 1940. p. 4261. Retrieved 15 August 2009. 
  8. ^ "(Supplement) no. 39226". The London Gazette. 11 May 1951. p. 2702. Retrieved 15 August 2009. 
  9. ^ "(Supplement) no. 36309". The London Gazette. 31 December 1943. p. 4. Retrieved 15 August 2009. 
  10. ^ "(Supplement) no. 38790". The London Gazette. 23 December 1949. p. 6085. Retrieved 15 August 2009. 
  11. ^ "(Supplement) no. 40188". The London Gazette. 1 June 1954. p. 3266. Retrieved 15 August 2009. 
  12. ^ "no. 40529". The London Gazette. 5 July 1955. p. 3881. Retrieved 15 August 2009. 
  13. ^ "no. 37887". The London Gazette. 21 February 1947. p. 884. Retrieved 15 August 2009. 
  14. ^ "no. 39302". The London Gazette. 3 August 1951. p. 4167. Retrieved 15 August 2009. 
  15. ^ "(Supplement) no. 45068". The London Gazette. 26 March 1970. p. 3524. Retrieved 15 August 2009. 
  16. ^ a b "ThePeerage – Robert Clive Bridgeman, 2nd Viscount Bridgeman". Retrieved 12 November 2006. 

External links[edit]

Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Earl of Powis
Lord Lieutenant of Shropshire
1951–1970
Succeeded by
Arthur Heywood-Lonsdale
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
William Bridgeman
Viscount Bridgeman
1935–1982
Succeeded by
Robin Bridgeman