Robert Broadnax Glenn
|Robert Broadnax Glenn|
|51st Governor of North Carolina|
January 11, 1905 – January 12, 1909
|Lieutenant||Francis D. Winston|
|Preceded by||Charles Brantley Aycock|
|Succeeded by||William Walton Kitchin|
|Born||Robert Brodnax Glenn
August 11, 1854
Rockingham County, North Carolina, U.S.
|Died||May 16, 1920
Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
|Alma mater||Davidson College
University of Virginia
Early life and career
A native of Rockingham County, North Carolina, Glenn was born to C. L. Glenn and Annie S. Dodge. He graduated from Davidson College in 1874(?), then attended the University of Virginia law school for a year then studied law under Chief Justice Richmond Mumford Pearson. He began practicing law in Stokes County before moving to Winston-Salem, where he joined the law firm of Glenn, Manly & Henderson, a predecessor firm to the modern-day Womble Carlyle Sandridge & Rice PLLC. In 1885, he became prosecuting attorney for the state's ninth district. From 1893 until 1897, he served as United States Attorney for the Western District of North Carolina. Glenn was elected to the North Carolina Senate in 1898.
Glenn was known as the "Prohibition Governor" for his successful 1908 campaign to ban liquor statewide. Glenn was also interested in conservation, as evidenced by his remark at the National Governors Association meeting of 1908: "our forests are being denuded...the failure of the People throughout the States to protect the great forest industry of our country...is one of the chief sources if not the greatest source of all [natural resource waste]...Our People, regardless of the future, have been living only for the present, thinking of themselves and not of their children and their children's children."
In 1906, a mob in Salisbury, North Carolina lynched five black men who were accused of murdering a white family. Governor Glenn ordered three companies of state militia to the scene, but only after hearing from the Judge, who waited, literally, until the eleventh hour to call for help. Before the companies left their railroad stations, Glenn received word that it was too late; the five were already dead. The next day, Glenn, at the sheriff's request, sent the military companies to Salisbury to guard the jail now holding one alleged lyncher. Glenn went to Salisbury himself two days later to testify in the trial of the soon to be convicted lynching "leader," George Hall. Eventually, the lynch mob leader was tried and sentenced to fifteen years in prison, the first such conviction for lynching in North Carolina history. Hall, however, was pardoned by Governor Kitchin before serving the full term. Public outcry over the lynching and concern about its negative effect on North Carolina's business prospects, prompted Glenn to send out an executive order to all county sheriffs and all state militia companies to inform him immediately of any rumor of a lynching in the future, and to shoot to kill if necessary to guard prisoners threatened by mob violence.
In 1908, while still serving as governor, Glenn was ordained as an elder at First Presbyterian Church (Raleigh, North Carolina), in what was believed to be the first instance of a sitting governor of the state assuming an ordained office in any church.
Glenn was a resident of Winston-Salem, North Carolina. It was precisely one century until another Winston-Salem resident was elected to statewide office (when Richard Burr was elected to the U.S. Senate in 2004). Robert B. Glenn High School in Kernersville, North Carolina is named after the former governor.
- Prominent People of North Carolina: Brief Biographies of Leading People for Ready Reference Purposes. Asheville, NC: Evening News Pub. Co. 1906. p. 2.
- National Governors Association at www.nga.org
- American Law Review
- Jonas, W. Glenn. A Cloud of Witnesses from the Heart of the City. p. 162.
- National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
Charles Brantley Aycock
|Governor of North Carolina
William Walton Kitchin