Robert Conley (reporter)
Robert Conley (May 8, 1928 – November 16, 2013) was an American newspaper, television and radio reporter.
Conley was a foreign correspondent for The New York Times in the 1950s and 1960s, bureau chief for NBC News, Africa, as well as foreign correspondent for NBC News' The Huntley-Brinkley Report throughout the 1960s, editor for and contributor to National Geographic magazine in late 1960s to early 1970s, and first host of the groundbreaking and popular Peabody Award winning National Public Radio (NPR) radio news and cultural program All Things Considered in the 1970s. In 2016 the first show of All Things Considered, hosted by Conley, was inducted into the National Recording Registry of the Library of Congress.
The New York Times
Before going overseas for The New York Times, Conley was first based in New York City, reporting on national events, often for the front page. As major news events in Africa began to develop throughout the 1960s, The New York Times made Conley its foreign correspondent for Africa, based in Nairobi, Kenya.
NBC News and The Huntley-Brinkley Report
In the mid 1960s, NBC News asked Conley on as bureau chief of its Africa bureau. From its base in Nairobi, Kenya, Conley travelled across the African continent covering events and filing stories for NBC News and its affiliated programs such as The Huntley-Brinkley Report. Conley's news beat took him from Angola to Zanzibar, a time when overseas news bureaus for the United States were not so ubiquitous as in later times.
NPR and All Things Considered
National Public Radio (NPR) was incorporated on February 26, 1970, following the passage of the Public Broadcasting Act of 1967 (47 U.S.C. § 396), of which Conley was a part of, that established the Corporation for Public Broadcasting and also led to the creation of the Public Broadcasting Service (PBS).
All Things Considered made its debut on May 3, 1971, broadcasting in 32 states, with the program's creator Conley as host. As described in an article by Hal Klopper for the Fall 2006 newsletter of the Carnegie Corporation of New York:
The inaugural broadcast included a report on a 26-year-old woman’s attempts to deal with heroin addiction; a report from Ames, Iowa, on a novel means of supplementing business at a barbershop (shaving women’s legs); a discussion with two NPR reporters and a correspondent from the Christian Science Monitor regarding that day’s massive protest in Washington, D.C., against US involvement in the Vietnam War; the reading of three antiwar poems; and a conversation between the poet Allen Ginsberg and his father about the legality of drugs.
The show began, though, with a remarkable and dramatic 20-minute sound montage of the demonstration in Washington introduced by All Things Considered’s first host, former New York Times staff member and NBC correspondent Robert Conley.
Inaugural broadcast of All Things Considered inducted into the National Recording Registry of the Library of Congress
In 2016 that first show of All Things Considered, hosted by Conley, was inducted into the National Recording Registry of the Library of Congress for its "cultural, artistic and historical importance to American society and the nation’s audio heritage."
“All Things Considered,” first broadcast (May 3, 1971) The National Public Radio flagship news program All Things Considered launched on May 3, 1971, one month after the network itself began broadcasting. With an emphasis on “interpretation, investigative reporting on public affairs, the world of ideas and the arts,” in the words of programming head Bill Siemering, “All Things Considered” aimed to give voice to diverse segments of American society in a relaxed, conversational mode. The first broadcast, however, featuring recorded excerpts from a huge antiwar protest in the nation’s capital that took place the same day, was “raw, visceral, and took listeners to the heart of America’s agonies over the war in Vietnam,” remembered Susan Stamberg, an NPR staffer at the time, who became a co-host of the show the following year. While the inaugural program was broadcast to approximately 90 stations across the nation, reaching only a few hundred thousand listeners, “All Things Considered” has since become, according to NPR, “the most listened-to afternoon drive-time news radio program in the country.”
- "The New York Times Archives".
- "NBC LEARN".
- Conley, Robert A.M. "Locusts: 'Teeth of the Wind.'" National Geographic Magazine, August 1969, pp. 202-26.
- Klopper, Hal. "Soundscapes: The Evolution and Challenges of National Public Radio" (PDF). Carnegie Results (Fall 2006). Carnegie Corporation of New York. p. 6. Retrieved May 3, 2011.
- "Happy 40th To All Things Considered". National Public Radio. 2011. Retrieved May 3, 2011.
- "The National Recording Registry of the Library of Congress".
- "NPR Overview and History". Npr.org. Retrieved 2012-04-24.
- The text of the PBA 1967 at cpb.org.
- "National Recording Registry Press Release March 29, 2017".
- Notice of death of Robert Conley
- Segments from the inaugural broadcast of All Things Considered, and more on NPR's Happy 40th To All Things Considered.
- The National Recording Registry of the Library of Congress, 2016 inductees.