Robert Cushman Murphy
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Murphy was born in Brooklyn, New York, to Thomas D. Murphy and Augusta Cushman. He was an undergraduate at Brown University, where he graduated in 1911. The author of over 600 scientific articles, he also wrote such books as Logbook for Grace: Whaling Brig Daisy, 1912-1913 and Oceanic Birds of South America. In 1951, Murphy led the expedition that rediscovered the Bermuda petrel, or cahow, a bird believed to have been extinct for 330 years.
After Murphy's retirement to Old Field, New York, in 1957, he, along with other citizens of Long Island including Archibald Roosevelt, unsuccessfully sued to stop the spraying of DDT. Before he died, the Three Village Central School District named the Robert Cushman Murphy Junior High School in his honor.
In 1936 Murphy was awarded the Daniel Giraud Elliot Medal of the National Academy of Sciences. He was elected a Corresponding Member of the Royal Australasian Ornithologists' Union in 1939.
- Gilmore, Richard C. (August 1949). "Review: Log of Grace by Robert Cushman Murphy". Journal of Mammalogy. 30 (3): 319–321. doi:10.2307/1375325. JSTOR 1375325.
- "Review: Oceanic Birds of South America by Robert Cushman Murphy". Geographical Review. 26 (3): 489–495. July 1936. JSTOR 209053.
- Oceanic Birds of South America by Robert Cushman Murphy, illustrated from paintings by Francis L. Jaques, Biodiversity Heritage Library
- "Daniel Giraud Elliot Medal". National Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 16 February 2011.
- Eleanor Mathews, Ambassador to the Penguins: A Naturalist's Year Aboard a Yankee Whaleship, Boston: David R. Godine, 2003 ISBN 1-56792-246-5
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