Robert P. Descharnes (January 1, 1926—February 15, 2014) was a French photographer, filmmaker, and author. He served as Salvador Dali's secretary and, after the painter's death, administrator of his copyright. He is the author of several books on Dali.
Descharnes was born in Nevers on January 1, 1926. In 1950, he met Dali on a ship while he was the photographer. The two formed a close bond, and collaborated on the experimental film L'Aventure prodigieuse de la dentellière et du rhinocéros, which was never released. He became Dali's personal secretary in 1981, and rescued him from a fire at his apartment in 1984. Descharnes collected over 60,000 negatives of Dali's daily life, a fraction of which Descharnes infrequenty exhibited in art museums.
For over 40 years, he fought to protect's Dali's legacy from forgeries and fakes. He wrote several reference books on the man's life and work. Descharnes was named a Chevalier of the Ordre des Arts et des Lettres in 2011. He died at the age of 88 at his home in Indre-et-Loire on February 18, 2014.
Descharnes is regarded by some Dali experts as a controversial figure. His claims regarding the authenticity of some of Dali's late works have been questioned, as Ian Gibson notes in his definitive biography of the painter,The Shameful Life of Salvador Dali. Of far greater concern was Descharnes's role in persuading the elderly, infirm painter to transfer his copyright, in 1986, for a period of 20 years to a company managed by Descharnes. Gibson writes, "The contract was prepared by [the Madrid lawyer] Miguel Domenech, who has said that at the time Dali, he and [Dali's friend, Antoni] Pitxot were under 'tremendous pressure' from a now power-hungry Descharnes. ... Even when he was well, Dali had never shown any interest in contracts, or any understanding of their small print. ... It is difficult to believe, therefore, that...he could have grasped its exact nature or its potential consequences. The painter, moreover, was in very poor physical condition at this time." Gibson, who calls Descharnes "a very controversial figure in Spain," notes in a 1997 episode of the TV show "Omnibus," about Dali and his work, that "many of Dali's associates are still unhappy about this situation," by which he means the circumstances surrounding the signing of the contract in which Dali assigned his copyright to Descharnes's company.
- Dalí de Gala, Edita, Lausanne, 1962.
- Oui 1 : la Révolution paranoïaque-critique, Éditions Denoël, Paris, 1971.
- Oui 2 : l'Archangélisme scientifique, Éditions Denoël, Paris, 1971.
- Salvador Dalí, Nouvelles Éditions Françaises, Paris, 1973.
- Tadao, Ogura, Salvador Dalí, Shueisha collection l'Art Moderne du Monde, Tokyo ( 25), 1974.
- Salvador Dalí, Bijitsu Shuppan-Sha, Tokyo, 1978.
- Terayama, S., Dalí: The Book of Great Masters, Shogakukan, Tokyo, 1978.
- Dalí, l’œuvre et l’homme, Edita, Lausanne, 1984
- Dalí, L'Héritage Infernal, Éditions Ramsay-La Marge, Paris, 2002.
- "Décès de Robert Descharnes, l'homme qui avait sauvé Salvador Dalí". Le Figaro (in French). February 18, 2014. Retrieved March 7, 2014.
- Ayala, Christina (February 21, 2014). "French artist, Salvador Dali's secretary and biographer Robert Descharnes, dies at age 88". ArtDaily. Retrieved March 7, 2014.
- Carré d'art : Byron, Barbey d'Aurevilly, Dalí, Hallier, Jean-Pierre Thiollet, Anagramme Editions, 2008, p. 261.ISBN 978-2-35035-189-6
- Gibson, Ian (1998) The Shameful Life of Salvador Dali, pps. 669-670.
- Omnibus, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2mMz9JXbCOs.
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