Robert E. Horn

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Robert E. Horn (born 1933) is an American political scientist who taught at Harvard, Columbia, and Sheffield (U.K.) universities, and has been a visiting scholar at Stanford University's Center for the Study of Language and Information.[1] He is known for the development of information mapping.[2]


Bob Horn is perhaps best known for his development of information mapping,[3] a method of information development called structured writing suited especially for technical communication.[4]

His latest contributions to the presentation of information have been in the field of visual language.[5] Horn has extended the use of visual language and visual analytics to develop methods—involving large, detailed infographics and argument map murals—for exploring and resolving wicked problems.[6]

Selected publications[edit]


  1. ^ Kirschner, Paul Arthur; Buckingham Shum, Simon J.; Carr, Chad S., eds. (2003). Visualizing argumentation: software tools for collaborative and educational sense-making. Computer supported cooperative work. London; New York: Springer-Verlag. p. xxiv. doi:10.1007/978-1-4471-0037-9. ISBN 1852336641. OCLC 50676911. 
  2. ^ Cross, Jay (2007). "Bob Horn, informal learner extraordinaire". Informal learning: rediscovering the natural pathways that inspire innovation and performance. San Francisco: Pfeiffer/John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 0787981699. OCLC 71426792. 
  3. ^ Holman, Peggy; Devane, Tom; Cady, Steven, eds. (2007) [1999]. The change handbook: the definitive resource on today's best methods for engaging whole systems (2nd ed.). San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler. p. 582. ISBN 9781576753798. OCLC 66527256. 
  4. ^ Romiszowski, A. J. (1986). "Structured writing or 'mapping': an information processing approach". Developing auto-instructional materials: from programmed texts to CAL and interactive video. Instructional development 2. London; New York: Kogan Page; Nichols. p. 205. ISBN 0893972088. OCLC 11784707. Origins of structured writing: The structured writing techniques, described here, were developed by Robert E. Horn and his collaborators (Horn et al, 1969; Horn, 1973; 1974) under the name of 'Information Mapping'... 
  5. ^ "An Interview with Robert E. Horn". New Horizons for Learning, Johns Hopkins University School of Education. 1999. Archived from the original on 8 October 2015. Retrieved 8 October 2015. 
  6. ^ Horn, Robert E.; Weber, Robert P. (2007). "New tools for resolving wicked problems: mess mapping and resolution mapping processes" (PDF). MacroVU, Inc. and Strategy Kinetics, LLC. 

External links[edit]