Robert E. Horn

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Robert E. Horn (born 1933) is an American political scientist who taught at Harvard, Columbia, and Sheffield (U.K.) universities, and has been a visiting scholar at Stanford University's Center for the Study of Language and Information.[1] He is known for the development of information mapping.[2]


Bob Horn is perhaps best known for his development of information mapping,[3] a method of information development called structured writing suited especially for technical communication.[4]

His latest contributions to the presentation of information have been in the field of visual language.[5] Horn has extended the use of visual language and visual analytics to develop methods—involving large, detailed infographics and argument map murals—for exploring and resolving wicked problems.[6]

Selected publications[edit]

  • Horn, Robert E.; Nicol, Elizabeth H.; Keinman, Joel C.; Grace, Michael G. (1969). Information mapping for learning and reference (PDF). Cambridge, MA; Springfield, VA: Information Resources Inc.; Reproduced by NTIS, United States Department of Commerce. OCLC 7580459.
  • Horn, Robert E.; Cleaves, Anne; Zuckerman, David W. (1980) [1970]. The guide to simulations/games for education and training (4th ed.). Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publications. ISBN 0803913753. OCLC 5310081.
  • Horn, Robert E. (1972). The guide to federal assistance for education. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts. OCLC 308905.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Horn, Robert E. (1989). Mapping hypertext: the analysis, organization, and display of knowledge for the next generation of on-line text and graphics. Lexington, MA: Lexington Institute. ISBN 0962556505. OCLC 21439661.
  • Horn, Robert E. (1998). Visual language: global communication for the 21st century. Bainbridge Island, WA: MacroVU, Inc. ISBN 189263709X. OCLC 41138655.
  • Horn, Robert E. (1999). "Information design: the emergence of a new profession" (PDF). In Jacobson, Robert E. (ed.). Information design. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. pp. 15–34. ISBN 026210069X. OCLC 40693279.
  • Horn, Robert E. (2003). "Infrastructure for navigating interdisciplinary debates: critical decisions for representing argumentaion". In Kirschner, Paul Arthur; Buckingham Shum, Simon J.; Carr, Chad S. (eds.). Visualizing argumentation: software tools for collaborative and educational sense-making. Computer supported cooperative work. London; New York: Springer-Verlag. pp. 165–184. CiteSeerX doi:10.1007/978-1-4471-0037-9_8. ISBN 1852336641. OCLC 50676911.
  • Horn, Robert E. (April 2006). "What we do not know: using information murals to portray scientific ignorance". Futures. 38 (3): 372–377. doi:10.1016/j.futures.2005.07.009.


  1. ^ Kirschner, Paul Arthur; Buckingham Shum, Simon J.; Carr, Chad S., eds. (2003). Visualizing argumentation: software tools for collaborative and educational sense-making. Computer supported cooperative work. London; New York: Springer-Verlag. p. xxiv. doi:10.1007/978-1-4471-0037-9. ISBN 1852336641. OCLC 50676911.
  2. ^ Cross, Jay (2007). "Bob Horn, informal learner extraordinaire". Informal learning: rediscovering the natural pathways that inspire innovation and performance. San Francisco: Pfeiffer/John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 978-0787981693. OCLC 71426792.
  3. ^ Holman, Peggy; Devane, Tom; Cady, Steven, eds. (2007) [1999]. The change handbook: the definitive resource on today's best methods for engaging whole systems (2nd ed.). San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler. p. 582. ISBN 9781576753798. OCLC 66527256.
  4. ^ Romiszowski, A. J. (1986). "Structured writing or 'mapping': an information processing approach". Developing auto-instructional materials: from programmed texts to CAL and interactive video. Instructional development. 2. London; New York: Kogan Page; Nichols. p. 205. ISBN 0893972088. OCLC 11784707. Origins of structured writing: The structured writing techniques, described here, were developed by Robert E. Horn and his collaborators (Horn et al, 1969; Horn, 1973; 1974) under the name of 'Information Mapping'...
  5. ^ "An Interview with Robert E. Horn". New Horizons for Learning, Johns Hopkins University School of Education. 1999. Archived from the original on 8 October 2015. Retrieved 8 October 2015.
  6. ^ Horn, Robert E.; Weber, Robert P. (2007). "New tools for resolving wicked problems: mess mapping and resolution mapping processes" (PDF). MacroVU, Inc. and Strategy Kinetics, LLC.

External links[edit]