Robert E. Miles
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Robert E. "Pastor Bob " Miles (January 28, 1925 – August 16, 1992) was a White Supremacist leader from Michigan.
A major "dualist" religious leader, Miles allied himself with various groups that constituted the racist and anti-Semitic political-religious movement known as Christian Identity, including Aryan Nations. According to Miles, Earth was the site of a battle between a true God and a false god, with Jews acting as agents of the false God against the true "chosen people," white Aryans. According to Barkun, "Despite the idiosyncrasies of his theology, the avuncular Miles functioned as a kind of elder statesman of the racial movement."
In 1971, Miles, the former grand dragon of the Michigan Ku Klux Klan, was arrested for conspiring to bomb school buses in an attempt to stop the integration of public schools in Michigan. The media billed it as a "Klan trial" even though Miles had not been associated with the KKK for some time. He was later convicted and served his sentence.
Following the "Greensboro Massacre" of anti-klan communist activists in 1979, "a number of previously antagonistic White Supremacist groups, including the Posse Comitatus and various Neo-Nazi and Klan factions, began having discussions about how they could formulate a common ideology. These different groups also conducted joint activities and even began establishing informal means of communication including computer bulletin boards and cable TV programs. Many of these groups embraced Christian Identity. Gradually, a White racist alliance emerged. Centers of this movement included the Michigan farm of pastor and former Klan leader Robert E. Miles, as well as the Aryan Nations compound in Hayden Lake, Idaho, the site of Identity Pastor Richard Butler's Church of Jesus Christ Christian." In the 1980s, Miles endorsed the Northwest Territorial Imperative, an attempt to establish a separate white state in the Pacific Northwest. Coupled with his increasingly anti-US government position, he was referred to as a "klanarchist".
- Barkun, 1994
- Mattias Gardell, Gods of the Blood: The Pagan Revival and White Separatism, p. 350 (footnote 35).
- Berlet & Lyons, 2000
- Kaza, 1987
- Michael Barkun. 1994. Religion and the Racist Right: The Origins of the Christian Identity Movement. Chapel Hill, N.C.: University of North Carolina Press.
- Chip Berlet and Matthew N. Lyons. 2000. Right-Wing Populism in America: Too Close for Comfort. New York: Guilford Press.
- Kaza, Greg. 1987. "Hitler's Klanarchist". Fifth Estate, #326 (vol. 22, #2), Summer 1987. pp 16, 28.
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