Robert E. Lee (playwright)
|Robert E. Lee|
October 15, 1918|
July 8, 1994 (aged 75)|
Los Angeles, California
|Notable works||Auntie Mame, Inherit the Wind|
Robert E. Lee (October 15, 1918 – July 8, 1994) was an American playwright and lyricist. With his writing partner, Jerome Lawrence, Lee worked for Armed Forces Radio during World War II; Lawrence and Lee became the most prolific writing partnership in radio, with such long-running series as Favorite Story among others.
Life and career
Lee was born in Elyria, Ohio, the son of Elvira (née Taft), a teacher, and C. Melvin Lee, an engineer. He graduated from Ohio Wesleyan University. Lawrence and Lee turned to the live theatre in 1955 with Inherit the Wind, which remains among the most-produced plays in the American theatre. They are also well known for the plays Auntie Mame and First Monday in October. In 1965, Lawrence and Lee founded the American Playwrights' Theatre, a plan to bypass the commerciality of the Broadway stage, which foreshadowed the professional regional theatre movement. Their wildly successful play, The Night Thoreau Spent in Jail, was produced through the American Playwrights Theatre, and premiered at Lawrence's alma mater, Ohio State University, which also commissioned their play on the life and times of James Thurber, Jabberwock (1972).
In all, they collaborated on 39 works, and, with James Hilton, a 1956 musical adaptation of Hilton's novel Lost Horizon, entitled Shangri-La. They also adapted Auntie Mame into the hit musical Mame with composer Jerry Herman, which won a Tony Award for its star, Angela Lansbury. Less successful was the Lawrence and Lee collaboration with Herman, also starring Lansbury, Dear World, a musical adaptation of Jean Giraudoux's The Madwoman of Chaillot.
Several of Lawrence and Lee's plays draw on events from United States history to speak to contemporary issues. Inherit the Wind (1955) addressed intellectual freedom and McCarthyism by speaking of a fictionalized Scopes Monkey Trial. The Gang's All Here (1959) examined government corruption in the 1920s. The Night Thoreau Spent in Jail (1970) was a Vietnam-era exploration of Thoreau's resistance to an earlier war.
Lee was survived by his wife, voice actress Janet Waldo (the voice of many well-known cartoon characters, including Judy Jetson), and his children, Jonathan Barlow Lee, the production manager for Center Theatre Group's Mark Taper Forum in Los Angeles, and Lucy Lee, who teaches Clinical Management Communication at the Marshall School of Business, University of Southern California, in Los Angeles.
He is buried in Forest Lawn – Hollywood Hills Cemetery.
- Look, Ma, I'm Dancin'! – 1948 (book of musical)
- Inherit the Wind – 1955 (play)
- Shangri-La – 1956 (book & lyrics of musical)
- Auntie Mame – 1956 (play)
- The Gang's All Here – 1959 (play)
- Only in America – 1959 – (play)
- A Call on Kuprin – 1961 – (play)
- Diamond Orchid – 1965 – (play)
- Mame – 1966 – (book of musical based on his play Auntie Mame)
- Dear World – 1969 (book of musical)
- The Night Thoreau Spent in Jail – 1970 (play)
- The Incomparable Max – 1971 (play)
- Jabberwock – 1972 (play)
- First Monday in October – 1978 – (play)
- Eder, Bruce "Robert E. Lee" (Allmovie biography)
- Eisler, Garrett B. (2007), "Lawrence, Jerome (1915–2004), and Robert E. Lee (1918–1994)", in Gabrielle H. Cody & Evert Sprinchorn, The Columbia Encyclopedia of Modern Drama, 1, Columbia University Press, pp. 801–802
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