Captain Robert Ellyson (c.1615 in Lanarkshire, Scotland—1671) was sheriff of Saint Mary's County and James City County, Virginia in the US province of Maryland and colony and dominion of Virginia respectively.
He appears in the Maryland records as early as 1643 as 'barber-surgeon'. After holding the office of sheriff of Saint Mary's County there, he emigrated to Virginia. There, he became high sheriff of James City County and the sergeant-at-arms of the House of Burgesses between 1657 and 1658, and a leading burgess with the rank of captain in 1656, 1659-60, 1660-61, 1663. His daughter, Hannah Ellyson, married Captain Anthony Armistead.
- Virginia, Prominent Families, Vol. 1-4 Chapter I.
- Hardy, Stella Pickett, Colonial Families of the Southern States of America.
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