Robert Emmett Bledsoe Baylor

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Robert Emmett Bledsoe Baylor
R E B Baylor.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Alabama's 2nd district
In office
March 4, 1829 – March 3, 1831
Preceded by John McKee
Succeeded by Samuel W. Mardis
Member of the Alabama House of Representatives
In office
1824
Personal details
Born Robert Emmett Bledsoe Baylor
(1793-05-10)May 10, 1793
Lincoln County, Kentucky
Died January 6, 1874(1874-01-06) (aged 80)
Gay Hill, Texas
Political party Jacksonian

Robert Emmett Bledsoe Baylor (May 10, 1793 – January 6, 1874) was an ordained Baptist minister, district judge, politician and co-founder of Baylor University.[1]

Early life[edit]

Baylor was born on May 10, 1793, in Lincoln County, Kentucky, to Walker and Jane Bledsoe Baylor.[2] He served in the Kentucky militia during the War of 1812. After the war, he studied law under his uncle Jesse Bledsoe and practiced law in Kentucky. He was briefly a member of the Kentucky House of Representatives from 1819 to 1820, before he resigned and moved to Alabama.[1][3]

In Alabama, he practiced law and continued his political career. In 1824, he was elected to the Alabama House of Representatives. Baylor was elected as a Jacksonian to the Twenty-first Congress (March 4, 1829 – March 3, 1831) from Alabama's 2nd congressional district and was an unsuccessful candidate for election in 1830 to the Twenty-second Congress. In 1836, Baylor fought as a lieutenant colonel against the Creek tribe in the Creek War of 1836.[3] In 1839, he converted to Christianity and was ordained a Baptist minister.[1]

Texas career[edit]

At the age of 46, Baylor moved to Texas, where he would live for the rest of his life.[1] He quickly made a name for himself in Texas law as judge of the Third Judicial District of the Congress of the Republic of Texas, and was appointed to the Texas Supreme Court as an associate justice in 1841, a position he would hold until the annexation of Texas in 1845.[3] After Texas attained statehood, Baylor was appointed by Governor J. P. Henderson as judge over the Third Judicial District of the new state, a position he would hold until 1863.[3]

Baylor was one of the first officers of the Texas Baptist Educational Society[4] and, in 1844, along with Reverend William Tryon and Reverend James Huckins, sent a petition to the Congress of the Republic of Texas asking the nation to charter a Baptist university.[5] In response to this petition, The Republic of Texas produced an Act of Congress that was signed on February 1, 1845, by Anson Jones, providing the charter that yielded Baylor University and, later, the University of Mary Hardin-Baylor.

Personal life[edit]

Baylor was a Mason from 1825 until his death.[3] He never married and had no children, although he was close to his nephew John Baylor.[2]

He died on January 6, 1874, and was buried in Independence, Texas, on the original site of Baylor University. In 1917, his remains were exhumed and transferred to the University of Mary Hardin-Baylor in Belton, Texas.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Robert Emmett Bledsoe Baylor Papers, Accession #1362, The Texas Collection, Baylor University
  2. ^ a b "The Naming of Baylor". About Baylor. Baylor University. Retrieved February 10, 2015. 
  3. ^ a b c d e "BAYLOR< ROBERT EMMETT BLEDSOE". The Handbook of Texas. Texas State Historical Association. 
  4. ^ "TEXAS BAPTIST EDUCATIONAL SOCIETY". The Handbook of Texas. Texas State Historical Association. 
  5. ^ "History". About Baylor. Baylor University. Retrieved February 6, 2015. 

External links[edit]

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
John McKee
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Alabama's 2nd congressional district

March 4, 1829 – March 3, 1831
Succeeded by
Samuel Wright Mardis