Robert Eugene Bush

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Robert Eugene Bush
RobertEBush.jpg      A light blue neck ribbon with a gold star shaped medallion hanging from it. The ribbon is similar in shape to a bowtie with 13 white stars in the center of the ribbon.
Robert Eugene Bush
Born (1926-10-04)October 4, 1926
Tacoma, Washington
Died November 8, 2005(2005-11-08) (aged 79)
Olympia, Washington
Place of burial Fern Hill Cemetery, Menlo, Washington
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branch United States Navy
Years of service 1944 - 1945
Rank Hospital Apprentice First Class
Unit G Company, 2nd Battalion 5th Marines, 1st Marine Division
Battles/wars World War II
*Battle of Okinawa
Awards Medal of Honor
Purple Heart Medal

Robert Eugene Bush (October 4, 1926 – November 8, 2005) was a United States Navy hospital corpsman who was awarded the nation's highest military decoration for valor, the Medal of Honor, for his actions above and beyond the call of duty while attached to a Marine Corps rifle company on May 2, 1945 during the Battle of Okinawa, in World War II. At age 18, he was the youngest U.S. sailor to receive the Medal of Honor in World War II.

Biography[edit]

Bush was born in Tacoma, Washington to Carl and Estelle Bush. His father worked as a sawmill logger and his mother was a nurse.[1] After his parents divorced when he was four, he was raised by his mother in Raymond, Washington. He worked in a sawmill with some friends and dropped out of school in 1943.[2]

World War II[edit]

Bush joined the United States Naval Reserve (United States Navy Reserve) at age 17 on January 5, 1944, as an apprentice seaman, Class V-6, at Navy Recruiting Station, Seattle, Washington.[3] After completing recruit training at the Farragut Naval Training Station, at Farragut, Idaho, he was sent to and graduated from the Naval Hospital Corps Schools in Farragut.[4] He was assigned to the Naval Hospital, Seattle, before completing further training at the Field Medical Service School, Fleet Marine Force Training Center, Camp Pendleton, California.[5] During his training, he was advanced to seaman second class then to hospital apprentice second class. On March 1, He was temporarily advanced to hospital apprentice first class.

On February 10, 1945, he was assigned to Headquarters Company, 2nd Battalion, 5th Marines, 1st Marine Division.[6] Afterwards, he was assigned to G Company, 2nd Battalion, 5th Marines during the invasion of Okinawa which began on April 1, 1945. On May 2, he was wounded in action by shrapnel from three enemy hand grenades [7] while attending to his wounded platoon commander and at the same time, firing the lieutenant's rifle to protect the lieutenant, himself, and rest of the platoon during an enemy attack.[8] He was honorably discharged on July 26, 1945.

Bush was presented the Medal of Honor for his heroic actions on May 2, 1945 on Okinawa, by President Harry S. Truman during a ceremony on the South Lawn at the White House on October 5, 1945.[9][10] In total, 18 hospital corpsmen received the medal of honor for their service with the Marine Corps in wartime including seven corpsmen during World War II.

Post-war[edit]

President Truman presenting the Medal of Honor to Robert E. Bush

After the war, Bush returned to marry his high school sweetheart, Wanda Spooner of South Bend, Washington. He later studied business administration at the University of Washington. He founded the Bayview Lumber Company at South Bend, Washington in 1951 and Bayview Redi-Mix at Elma, WA, building both into multi-million dollar businesses. Former NBC News anchor Tom Brokaw wrote a chapter about Bush in his book about World War II, The Greatest Generation (1998).

As well as his business affairs, Bush was active in championing veterans' causes, and served for two years as President of the Congressional Medal of Honor Society (1971-1973).[11] He attended the inaugurations of every president since Dwight D. Eisenhower, excepting that of Lyndon B. Johnson, who didn't invite any Medal of Honor recipient. He is not related to either President Bush.

Robert and Wanda Bush were the parents of three sons and a daughter. He died from cancer on November 8, 2005, in Olympia, Washington, aged 79. His wife predeceased him in 1999, and a son, Larry, died in 1986. At the time of his death he was survived by three children, eight grandchildren, and two great-grandchildren. He was buried in Fern Hill Cemetery, Menlo, Washington.

Medal of Honor citation[edit]

Bush's citation reads:

The President of the United States in the name of The Congress takes pleasure in presenting the MEDAL OF HONOR to

HOSPITAL APPRENTICE FIRST CLASS ROBERT EUGENE BUSH
UNITED STATES NAVY RESERVE

for service as set forth in the following

CITATION:

For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while serving as Medical Corpsman with a rifle company, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Okinawa Jima, Ryukyu Islands, 2 May 1945. Fearlessly braving the fury of artillery, mortar, and machinegun fire from strongly entrenched hostile positions, Bush constantly and unhesitatingly moved from one casualty to another to attend the wounded falling under the enemy's murderous barrages. As the attack passed over a ridge top, Bush was advancing to administer blood plasma to a marine officer lying wounded on the skyline when the Japanese launched a savage counterattack. In this perilously exposed position, he resolutely maintained the flow of life-giving plasma. With the bottle held high in one hand, Bush drew his pistol with the other and fired into the enemy's ranks until his ammunition was expended. Quickly seizing a discarded carbine, he trained his fire on the Japanese charging pointblank over the hill, accounting for six of the enemy despite his own serious wounds and the loss of one eye suffered during his desperate battle in defense of the helpless man. With the hostile force finally routed, he calmly disregarded his own critical condition to complete his mission, valiantly refusing medical treatment for himself until his officer patient had been evacuated, and collapsing only after attempting to walk to the battle aid station. His daring initiative, great personal valor, and heroic spirit of self-sacrifice in service of others reflect great credit upon Bush and enhance the finest traditions of the U.S. Naval Service.[12]

Harry S. Truman

Other honors[edit]

The Robert E. Bush Naval Hospital in Twentynine Palms, California was named in his honor, as was the Bush Health Care Clinic, located at Camp Courtney, Okinawa, Japan. In 1998, a monument depicting his actions on Okinawa was erected in a park named for him in his hometown of South Bend, Washington, which named a street after him as well.

A Golden Palm Star on the Palm Springs Walk of Stars was dedicated to Bush for Veterans Day in 1999, recognizing him as one of five Medal of Honor recipients from the Southern California desert area.[13]

In 2001 he received the Freedom medal.[14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]