|Born||September 11, 1933
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
|Died||March 26, 2008
Princeton, New Jersey, U.S.
|Occupation||American Professor at Princeton University; Poet|
Robert Fagles (//; September 11, 1933 – March 26, 2008) was an American professor, poet, and academic, best known for his many translations of ancient Greek and Roman classics, especially his acclaimed translations of the epic poems of Homer. He taught English and comparative literature for many years at Princeton University.
Fagles was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the son of Charles Fagles, a lawyer, and Vera Voynow Fagles, an architect. He attended Amherst College, graduating in 1955 with a Bachelor of Arts degree. The following year, he received his master's degree from Yale University. On June 17, 1956, he married Marilyn (Lynne) Duchovnay, a teacher, and they had two children. In 1959, Fagles received his Ph.D in English from Yale and for the next year taught English there.
From 1960 to 1962, Fagles was an English instructor at Princeton University. In 1962 he was promoted to Assistant Professor, and in 1965 became an Associate Professor of English and comparative literature. Later that year he became director of the comparative literature program. In 1970, he became a full professor, and from 1975 was the department chair. He retired from teaching as the Arthur W. Marks '19 Professor of Comparative Literature in 2002, and remained a professor emeritus at Princeton.
Between 1961 and 1996, Fagles translated many ancient Greek works. His first translation was of the poetry of Bacchylides, publishing a complete set in 1961. In the 1970s, Fagles began translating much Greek drama, beginning with Aeschylus's The Oresteia. He went on to publish translations of Sophocles's three Theban plays (1982), Homer's Iliad (1990) and Odyssey (1996), and Virgil's Aeneid (2006). In these last four, Bernard Knox authored the introduction and notes. Fagles' translations generally emphasize contemporary English phrasing and idiom but are faithful to the original as much as possible.
Fagles was nominated for the National Book Award in Translation and won the Harold Morton Landon Translation Award of the Academy of American Poets in 1991 for his translation of the Iliad. In 1996, he received an Academy Award in Literature from the American Academy of Arts and Letters for his translation of the Odyssey. In 1997 he received the PEN/Ralph Manheim Medal for lifetime achievement in translation. Fagles later undertook a new English translation of the Aeneid, which was published in November 2006.
- Bacchylides, Complete Poems (1961)
- Aeschylus, The Oresteia (1975)
- Sophocles, The Three Theban Plays (1982)
- Homer, The Iliad (1990)
- Homer, The Odyssey (1996)
- Virgil, The Aeneid (2006)
- Ian McKellen Reads Book I of Homer's Odyssey on YouTube
- Obituary from Princeton University
- Robert Fagles, Translator of the Classics, Dies at 74. The New York Times. 2008. March 29.
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- "Robert Fagles: Awards & Honors: 2006 NAtional Humanities medalist". National Endowment for the Humanities. 2012. Retrieved November 29, 2012.
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- Edwin Frank, Andrew McCord (Summer 1999). "Robert Fagles, The Art of Translation No. 2". Paris Review.