Fitzsimmons in 1891.
|Real name||Robert James Fitzsimmons|
The Freckled Wonder
The Fighting Blacksmith
|Height||5 ft 11 1⁄2 in (182 cm)|
|Reach||71 1⁄2 in (182 cm)|
|Born||26 May 1863|
Helston, Cornwall, England
|Died||22 October 1917 (aged 54)|
Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
|Wins by KO||59|
Robert James Fitzsimmons (26 May 1863 – 22 October 1917) was a British professional boxer who made boxing history as the sport's first three-division world champion. He also achieved fame for beating Gentleman Jim Corbett, (the man who beat John L. Sullivan), and he is in The Guinness Book of World Records as the lightest heavyweight champion. Nicknamed "Ruby Robert" and "The Freckled Wonder", he took pride in his lack of scars and appeared in the ring wearing heavy woollen underwear to conceal the disparity between his trunk and leg-development.
- 1 Early life
- 2 Amateur career
- 3 Professional career
- 4 Personal life
- 5 Professional boxing record
- 6 Works
- 7 See also
- 8 Notes and references
- 9 Bibliography
- 10 Further reading
- 11 External links
Robert James Fitzsimmons was born on 26 May 1863 in Helston, Cornwall, England, the youngest of seven boys and five girls born to James and Jane (née Strongman) Fitzsimmons. Not long before his birth, his parents had moved from his father's native Ireland to Cornwall, where his mother came from, in order for his father to find work as a policeman. Fitzsimmons received his early education at the National school in Helston. In 1873, the family moved again; James, Jane and their youngest five children sailed on the Adamant for the 93 day journey to Lyttelton, New Zealand.
They settled in Timaru, a town 147 km (91 miles) south-west of Lyttelton populated mainly by Cornish immigrants, and James Fitzsimmons established a blacksmith's forge in the town. Once Fitzsimmons had completed his education at the Timaru Main School, he took on a range of jobs. He wanted to join the crew of the Isabella Ridley, and do some service as a sailor, hoping that it would toughen him up for a career in boxing, but the ship was badly damaged in storms while still docked in Timaru. Instead, he took on a range of jobs; as a butcher's delivery boy, a carriage painter, striker at an iron foundry, and a decorator, before becoming an apprentice at his family's blacksmith's forge with his brother Jarrett. His time working in the blacksmith's forge helped to develop his upper body, particularly his arms and shoulders. During his time working in the blacksmith's forge, there are stories that Fitzsimmons was not averse to fighting quarrelsome, often drunk, customers, and it was suggested that this even boosted business, as customers returned to the forge, hoping to see a fight.
In the early 1880s Jem Mace, an English bare-knuckle boxer, travelled to New Zealand, and Timaru hosted both his boxing school, and the first boxing championships held in New Zealand. Fitzsimmons entered the tournament, and knocked out four opponents on his way to winning the competition. He successfully defended his title in the subsequent competition.[a] During one of these tournament, it is often suggested that Fitzsimmons defeated Herbert Slade, a professional heavyweight boxer who was touring with Mace, but Slade was touted as being undefeated in 1883, and it is possible that it was Slade's brother that Fitzsimmons beat. After these tournaments, Fitzsimmons boxed at least six times in New Zealand, including some bare knuckle bouts, but it is unclear if he received payment for his fights during this time.
Move to Australia
Boxing record books show Fitzsimmons officially began boxing professionally in 1883, in Australia. He beat Jim Crawford there by getting a knockout in three rounds. Fitzsimmons had his first 28 definite professional fights in Australia, where he lost the Australian Middleweight title to Mick Dooley (rumours spoke of a fixed bout) and where he also won a fight by knockout while on the floor: when Edward Starlight Robins dropped Fitzsimmons to the canvas in round nine of their fight, he also broke his hand and could not continue, therefore the referee declared Fitzsimmons the winner by a knockout.
By this stage, Fitzsimmons had established his own style. He developed a certain movement and caginess from one of the greatest bare-knuckle fighters, Jem Mace. Mace encouraged Fitzsimmons to develop his punching technique, drawing on the enormous power he had gained from blacksmithing. Fitzsimmons delivered short, accurate and occasionally conclusive punches. He soon built up a reputation as by far the hardest puncher in boxing.
Winning the Middleweight title
Moving on to the United States, Fitzsimmons fought four more times in 1890, winning three and drawing one.
Then, on 14 January 1891, in New Orleans, he won his first world title from Jack (Nonpareil) Dempsey. Fitzsimmons knocked out Dempsey (from whom the later Jack Dempsey took his name) in the 13th round to become the World Middleweight Champion. Fitzsimmons knocked Dempsey down at least 13 times and by the finish left him in such a pitiable condition that he begged him to quit. Since Dempsey would not do so, Fitzsimmons knocked him out and then carried him to his corner. On 22 July, police broke off his fight with Jim Hall after he had knocked Hall down several times.
Fitzsimmons spent the next two years fighting non-title bouts and exhibitions until giving Hall a chance at the title in 1893. He retained the crown by a knockout in round four. He spent the rest of that year doing exhibitions, and on 2 June, he had scheduled a two-way exhibition where he would demonstrate in public how to hit the boxing bag and then how to box against a real opponent. Reportedly, two freak accidents happened that day: Fitzsimmons hit the bag so hard that it broke, and then his opponent of that day allegedly slipped, getting hit in the head and the boxing exhibition was cancelled.
At a public sparring performance on 16 November 1894 at Jacob's Opera House, Syracuse, New York, Fitzsimmons knocked out sparring partner Con Riordan, who was carried off unconscious and died several hours later. Two months later Fitzsimmons was charged with manslaughter but was acquitted.
Fitzsimmons vs. Sharkey
After vacating the Middleweight title, Fitzsimmons began campaigning at heavyweight (the light heavyweight division did not exist at that time). On 2 December 1896, the San Francisco Athletic Club sponsored a fight at the Mechanics' Pavilion in San Francisco between Fitzsimmons and Tom Sharkey. Unable to find a referee, they called on former lawman Wyatt Earp. He had officiated 30 or so matches in earlier days, though not under the Marquess of Queensberry rules. The fight may have been the most anticipated fight on American soil that year. Fitzsimmons was favoured to win, and bets flowed heavily his way. Earp entered the ring still armed with his customary Colt .45 and drew a lot of attention when he had to be disarmed. He later said he forgot he was wearing it. Fitzsimmons was taller and quicker than Sharkey and dominated the fight from the opening bell. In the eighth round, Fitzsimmons hit Sharkey with his famed "solar plexus punch," an uppercut under the heart that could render a man temporarily helpless. The punch caught Sharkey, Earp, and most of the crowd by surprise, and Sharkey dropped, clutched his groin, and rolled on the canvas, screamed foul.
Earp stopped the bout, ruling that Fitzsimmons had hit Sharkey when he was down. His ruling was greeted with loud boos and catcalls. Earp based his decision on the Marquess of Queensberry rules, which state in part, "A man on one knee is considered down and if struck is entitled to the stakes." Very few witnessed the foul Earp ruled on. He awarded the decision to Sharkey, who attendants carried out as "...limp as a rag.".
Winning the Heavyweight title
In 1896, Fitzsimmons won a disputed version of the World Heavyweight Championship in a fight in Langtry, Texas, against the Irish fighter Peter Maher. On 17 March 1897, in Carson City, Nevada, he knocked out American Jim Corbett, generally recognised as the legitimate World Heavyweight Champion (having won the title from John L. Sullivan in 1892) in round 14. This constituted a remarkable achievement, as Jim Corbett, a skilled boxer, weighed one stone 3 pounds (17 lb) more than Fitzsimmons. He out-boxed Fitzsimmons for several rounds, knocked him down in the sixth round and badly damaged his face with his jab, left hook and right hand, but Fitzsimmons kept coming and Corbett began to tire. In the 14th round, Fitzsimmons won the title with his "solar plexus" punch. Corbett collapsed in agony. Fitzsimmons' "solar plexus" punch became legendary, although he himself may never have used the phrase. The entire fight was filmed by Enoch J. Rector and released to cinemas as The Corbett-Fitzsimmons Fight, the longest film ever released at the time. Using her maiden name, it was covered by Nellie Verrill Mighels Davis, the first woman to report a prize fight.
Fitzsimmons spent the rest of 1897 and 1898 doing stage tours.[clarification needed] In 1899, Fitzsimmons fought James J. Jeffries at the Coney Island Athletic Club near Brooklyn, New York. Most people gave Jeffries little chance, even though at over 15 stones (95 kg) he massively outweighed his opponent and was far younger, but Jeffries lifted the World Heavyweight Championship from Fitzsimmons with an 11th-round knockout.
In 1901 he published a book Physical Culture and Self-Defense (Philadelphia: D. Biddle). In 1902, he and Jeffries had a rematch, once again with the World Heavyweight Champion at stake. Fitzsimmons battered Jeffries, who suffered horrible punishment. With his nose and cheek bones broken, most would have sympathized with Jeffries had he quit, but he kept going until his enormous strength and youth wore down Bob and he knocked him out cold in round eight.
Winning the Light Heavyweight title
In November 1903, Fitzsimmons made history by defeating World Light Heavyweight Champion George Gardiner (also known as Gardner) by a decision in 20 rounds, becoming the first boxer to win titles in three weight-divisions.
Soon afterward, he went back to the Heavyweights, where he kept fighting until 1914, with mixed results. In 1907 at age 44, Fitzsimmons fought much younger Jack Johnson, during the time period in which reigning champion James J. Jeffries refused to fight Johnson. The bout between Johnson and Fitzsimmons ended in victory for Johnson with a second round knockout.
Although Fitzsimmons became a world champion in each of the Middleweight, Light Heavyweight and Heavyweight divisions, historians do not consider him the first world Light Heavyweight Champion to become World Heavyweight Champion, because he won the Heavyweight title before winning the Light Heavyweight belt. Michael Spinks counts as the first Light Heavyweight World Champion to win the Heavyweight belt as well. However, Fitzsimmons was the first Middleweight Champion to win the Heavyweight title and the only Heavyweight Champion to drop down and win the Light Heavyweight title. Fitzsimmons and later Henry Armstrong were the only men to win undisputed world championships in three different weight classes.
Fitzsimmons had a final professional record of 66 wins with 59 by knockout, 8 losses, 4 draws, 19 no contests and 2 no decisions (Newspaper Decisions: 2–0–0).
Fitzsimmons's exact record remains unknown, as the boxing world often kept records poorly during his era, but Fitzsimmons said he had had more than 350 fights (which could have involved exaggeration on his part).
The statue Peace on the Dewey Arch was modelled on Fitsimmons by the sculptor Daniel Chester French. A statue of Fitzsimmons has also stood in the city centre of Timaru, New Zealand, since 1987. It was commissioned by New Zealand millionaire boxing fan Bob Jones and sculpted by Margriet Windhausen.
He died in Chicago of pneumonia in 1917, survived by his fourth wife. His grave lies in the Graceland Cemetery, Chicago. Having four wives, a gambling habit and a susceptibility to confidence tricksters, he did not hold on to the money he made.
The International Boxing Hall of Fame has made Bob Fitzsimmons a member in its "Old Timer" category.
Fitzsimmons married four times and had six children, four of whom survived infancy.
Professional boxing record
|Professional record summary|
|80 fights||61 wins||8 losses|
|101||NC||–||Jersey Bellew||ND||6||20 Feb 1914||South Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, U.S.|
|100||Win||N/A||KO Sweeney||NWS||6||29 Jan 1914||Athletic Club, Williamsport, Pennsylvania, U.S.||Newspaper Decision|
|99||Loss||61–8–4||Bill Lang||KO||12 (20)||27 Dec 1909||Sydney Stadium, Sydney, Australia||For Australian heavyweight title|
|98||Draw||–||Jim Paul||PTS||3||22 Sep 1908||Benson Mines, New York, U.S.||Not on Boxrec|
|97||Loss||61–7–4||Jack Johnson||KO||2 (6)||17 Jul 1907||Washington S.C., Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.|
|96||Win||61–6–4||Charlie Haghey||KO||4 (6)||31 Jan 1906||Recreation Park, Webster, Massachusetts, U.S.|
|95||Loss||60–6–4||Philadelphia Jack O'Brien||RTD||13 (20)||20 Dec 1905||Mechanic's Pavilion, San Francisco, California, U.S.||Lost lineal light heavyweight title|
|94||Win||–||Philadelphia Jack O'Brien||NWS||6 (6), 1:22||23 Jul 1904||Baker Bowl, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.|
|93||Win||60–5–4||George Gardner||PTS||20||25 Nov 1903||Mechanic's Pavilion, San Francisco, California, U.S.||Won lineal light heavyweight title|
|92||Win||N/A||Joe Grim||NWS||6||25 Nov 1903||Southern A.C., Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.||Newspaper Decision|
|91||Win||59–5–4||Con Coughlin||TKO||1 (6), 2:52||30 Sep 1903||Washington S.C., Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.|
|90||Win||58–5–4||Mike Ranke||KO||2 (4), 0:15||27 Dec 1902||Bozeman, Montana, U.S.|
|89||Win||57–5–4||? Steward||KO||1 (4)||19 Dec 1902||Butte, Montana, U.S.|
|88||Loss||56–5–4||James J. Jeffries||KO||8 (20)||25 Jul 1902||The Arena, San Francisco, California, U.S.||For lineal heavyweight title|
|87||Win||56–4–4||Tom Sharkey||KO||2 (25), 2:06||24 Aug 1900||Coney Island A.C., Brooklyn, New York, U.S.|
|86||Win||55–4–4||Gus Ruhlin||KO||6 (25)||10 Aug 1900||Madison Square Garden, New York City, New York, U.S.|
|85||Win||54–4–4||Ed Dunkhorst||KO||2 (25), 2:25||30 Apr 1900||Hercules A.C., Brooklyn, New York, U.S.|
|84||Win||53–4–4||Jim Daly||TKO||1 (6)||27 Mar 1900||First Regiment Armory, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.|
|83||Win||52–4–4||Geoff Thorne||KO||1 (6)||28 Oct 1899||Tattersall's, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.|
|82||Loss||51–4–4||James J. Jeffries||KO||11 (20)||9 Jun 1899||Coney Island A.C., Brooklyn, New York, U.S.||Lost lineal heavyweight title|
|81||Win||51–3–4||Lew Joslin||KO||2 (4)||5 Jun 1897||Leadville, Colorado, U.S.|
|80||Win||50–3–4||James J. Corbett||KO||14||17 Mar 1897||The Race Track Arena, Carson City, Nevada, U.S.||Won lineal heavyweight title|
|79||Loss||49–3–4||Tom Sharkey||DQ||8 (10)||2 Dec 1896||Mechanic's Pavilion, San Francisco, California, U.S.|
|78||Win||49–2–4||Peter Maher||KO||1, 1:35||21 Feb 1896||Coahuila de Zaragoza, Mexico|
|77||Win||48–2–4||Mike Connors||KO||1 (4)||19 Apr 1895||New York City, New York, U.S.|
|76||Win||47–2–4||Al Allich||KO||3 (4)||16 Apr 1895||New York City, New York, U.S.|
|75||Win||46–2–4||Dan Creedon||KO||2 (20)||26 Sep 1894||Olympic A.C., New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.||Retained lineal middleweight title|
|74||Win||45–2–4||Frank Kellar||KO||2 (4)||28 Jul 1894||Driving Park, Buffalo, New York, U.S.|
|73||Draw||44–2–4||Joe Choynski||PTS||5 (5)||18 Jun 1894||Boston Theater, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.|
|72||Win||44–2–3||Jack Hickey||TKO||3 (4)||5 Sep 1893||Caledonian Park, Newark, New Jersey, U.S.|
|71||Win||43–2–3||Dan Coner||KO||1 (4)||30 May 1893||Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.|
|70||Win||42–2–3||Mike Brennan||KO||4 (4)||6 May 1893||Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.|
|69||Win||41–2–3||Joe Godfrey||KO||1 (4)||21 Apr 1893||Academy of Music, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.|
|68||Win||40–2–3||Mike Monoghan||KO||1 (4)||21 Apr 1893||Academy of Music, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.|
|67||Win||39–2–3||Alexander Kilpatrick||KO||4 (4)||21 Apr 1893||Academy of Music, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.|
|66||Win||38–2–3||Jack Sheridan||TKO||1 (4)||15 Apr 1893||Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.|
|65||Win||37–2–3||Dan Curry||KO||2 (4)||12 Apr 1893||Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.|
|64||Win||36–2–3||Hank Smith||KO||2 (4)||12 Apr 1893||Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.|
|63||Win||35–2–3||Alexander Kilpatrick||KO||3 (4)||12 Apr 1893||Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.|
|62||Win||34–2–3||Jack Warner||TKO||1 (4)||31 Mar 1893||Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.|
|61||Win||33–2–3||Phil Mayo||KO||2 (4)||25 Mar 1893||2nd Regiment Armory, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.|
|60||Draw||32–2–3||Dan Bayliff||PTS||4||15 Mar 1893||Indianapolis, Indiana, U.S.|
|59||Win||32–2–2||Jim Hall||KO||4||8 Mar 1893||Crescent City Club, New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.|
|58||Win||31–2–2||Jack Britton||RTD||2 (4)||10 Dec 1892||Newark, New Jersey, U.S.|
|57||Win||30–2–2||Millard Zender||KO||1 (4)||3 Sep 1892||Anniston, Alabama, U.S.|
|56||Win||29–2–2||Jerry Slattery||KO||2 (4)||11 May 1892||Miners 8th St Theater, New York City, New York U.S.|
|55||Win||28–2–2||Joe Godfrey||RTD||2 (4)||6 May 1892||Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.|
|54||Win||27–2–2||James Farrell||PTS||2 (4)||29 Apr 1892||Newark, New Jersey, U.S.|
|53||Win||26–2–2||Thomas Robbins||RTD||3 (4)||28 Apr 1892||Newark, New Jersey, U.S.|
|52||Win||25–2–2||Tom Burns||RTD||3 (4)||28 Apr 1892||Newark, New Jersey, U.S.|
|51||Win||24–2–2||James Malone||RTD||2 (4)||27 Apr 1892||Newark, New Jersey, U.S.|
|50||Win||23–2–2||Charles Puff||KO||2 (4)||26 Apr 1892||Newark, New Jersey, U.S.|
|49||Win||22–2–2||Peter Maher||RTD||12||2 Mar 1892||Olympic Club, New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.|
|48||NC||–||Harris Martin||ND||4||1 May 1891||Washington Rink, Minneapolis, Minnesota, U.S.|
|47||Win||21–2–2||Abe Coughle||TKO||2 (3)||27 Apr 1891||Battery D Armory, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.|
|46||Win||20–2–2||Jack "Nonpareil" Dempsey||RTD||13||14 Jan 1891||Olympic Club, New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.||Won lineal middleweight title|
|45||Win||19–2–2||Arthur Upham||KO||9||28 Jul 1890||Audubon Club, New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.|
|44||Win||18–2–2||Billy McCarthy||KO||5||29 May 1890||California A.C., San Francisco, California, U.S.|
|43||Win||17–2–2||Frank Allen||RTD||1 (3)||17 May 1890||California A.C., San Francisco, California, U.S.|
|42||Win||16–2–2||Professor Jack West||KO||1 (4)||1 Mar 1890||Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia|
|41||Win||15–2–2||Edward Starlight Rollins||TKO||9||22 Feb 1890||Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia|
|40||Loss||14–2–2||Jim Hall||KO||4 (20)||11 Feb 1890||Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia||For Australian middleweight title|
|39||Draw||N/A||Edward Starlight Rollins||NWS||4||10 Feb 1890||Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia||Newspaper Decision|
|38||Win||14–1–2||Dave Conway||KO||4 (15)||1 Feb 1890||Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia|
|37||Win||13–1–2||Dick Ellis||RTD||3 (20)||16 Dec 1889||Royal Standard Theatre, Sydney, Australia|
|36||Win||12–1–2||Professor Jack West||KO||1 (8)||30 Nov 1889||Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia|
|35||Draw||N/A||Pat Kiely||NWS||4||26 Nov 1889||Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia||Newspaper Decision|
|34||Win||11–1–2||Jim Hall||RTD||5 (8)||19 Jan 1889||Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia||Won Australian middleweight title|
|33||Win||N/A||McEwan||NWS||3||1 Dec 1888||Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia||Newspaper Decision|
|32||Draw||N/A||Jim Hall||NWS||4||24 Nov 1888||Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia||Newspaper Decision|
|31||Win||N/A||Jim Hall||NWS||4||10 Nov 1888||Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia||Newspaper Decision|
|30||NC||–||Mick Dooley||ND||4||8 May 1888||Amateur Athletic Club, Sydney, Australia|
|29||Draw||N/A||Bill Slavin||NWS||4||24 Nov 1888||Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia||Newspaper Decision|
|28||Draw||N/A||Bill Slavin||NWS||4||17 Mar 1888||Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia||Newspaper Decision|
|27||Win||10–1–2||Bill Slavin||TKO||7 (8)||5 Mar 1888||Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia|
|26||Draw||N/A||Billy McCarthy||NWS||4||11 Feb 1888||Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia||Newspaper Decision|
|25||Draw||N/A||Tom Taylor||NWS||4||26 Jan 1888||Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia||Newspaper Decision|
|24||Draw||9–1–2||Dan Hickey||PTS||4||23 Jan 1888||Sydney, Australia|
|23||NC||–||Frank Slavin||ND||4||1 Jan 1888||Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia|
|22||Win||9–1–1||Dave Travers||KO||3||24 Sep 1887||Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia|
|21||Loss||N/A||Jim Hall||NWS||4||28 May 1887||Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia||Newspaper Decision|
|20||Win||8–1–1||George Eager||KO||2 (4)||4 Apr 1887||Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia|
|19||Win||7–1–1||Bill Slavin||TKO||5 (8)||21 Mar 1887||Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia|
|18||Win||6–1–1||Dick Sandall||RTD||4 (4)||1 Mar 1887||Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia|
|17||Win||5–1–1||George Seale||PTS||4||15 Feb 1887||Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia|
|16||Win||N/A||Jack Bonner||NWS||4||12 Feb 1887||Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia||Newspaper Decision|
|15||Draw||N/A||Frank Slavin||NWS||4||1 Jan 1887||Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia||Newspaper Decision|
|14||Draw||4–1–1||Jack Malloy||PTS||4||1 Nov 1886||Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia|
|13||NC||–||McArdle||ND||4||9 Oct 1886||Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia|
|12||NC||–||Australian Billy Smith||ND||4||7 Oct 1886||Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia|
|11||Loss||N/A||Tom Lees||NWS||4||25 Aug 1886||Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia||Newspaper Decision|
|10||Win||N/A||McArdle||NWS||4||7 Aug 1886||Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia||Newspaper Decision|
|9||Loss||N/A||Mick Dooley||NWS||4||5 Jun 1886||Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia||Newspaper Decision|
|8||Loss||N/A||Mick Dooley||NWS||4||2 Jun 1886||Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia||Newspaper Decision|
|7||NC||–||Steve O'Donnell||ND||4||22 May 1886||Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia|
|6||Loss||4–1||Mick Dooley||RTD||3 (4)||15 May 1886||Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia|
|5||Draw||N/A||Brinsley||NWS||4||8 May 1886||Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia||Newspaper Decision|
|4||Win||4–0||Pablo Fanque||KO||2 (4)||2 Feb 1886||The Green, Sydney, Australia|
|3||Win||3–0||Jack Greentree||KO||3 (4)||1 May 1885||Sydney, Australia|
|2||Win||2–0||Alf Brinsmead||KO||2 (4)||1 Apr 1885||Sydney, Australia|
|1||Win||1–0||Joe Riddle||PTS||4||1 Mar 1885||Sydney, Australia|
- Fitzsimmons, Robert (1901). Physical Culture and Self-Defense. Philadelphia, PA: Drexel Biddle.
- List of lineal boxing world champions
- List of heavyweight boxing champions
- List of light heavyweight boxing champions
- List of middleweight boxing champions
- List of boxing triple champions
- List of bare-knuckle boxers
Notes and references
- Most modern sources list these tournaments as happening a year apart, in 1880 and 1881. However, contemporary reports in the Timaru Herald suggest that they took place a few months apart in 1882.
- "The Lineal Boxing World Champions". The Cyber Boxing Zone Encyclopedia.
- "Robert Fitzsimmons". Encyclopædia Britannica.
British boxer, the first fighter to hold the world boxing championship in three weight divisions.
- McWhirter, Norris. The Guinness Book of World Records 1997. p.467. " Lightest heavyweight champion Robert James "Bob" Fitzsimmons of Great Britain, weighed 165 pounds when he won the title by knocking out James J. Corbett". Random House Publishing Group, 1997
- Physical Freak Flattened Men "Like Texas Cyclone", The Barrier Miner, (Thursday, 25 November 1954), p.7.
- McMillan, N.A.C. "Fitzsimmons, Robert". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 15 January 2017.
- Ingram 2012, p. 37.
- Baker, Anne Pimlott (2011) . "Fitzsimmons, Robert [Bob]". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/37418.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Brett, Henry (1924). "White Wings (volume I)". Auckland, New Zealand: The Brett Printing Company Limited. p. 152.
- Nicholson 2011, p. 45.
- Nicholson 2011, p. 46.
- Romanos, Joseph (5 September 2013). "Boxing and wrestling – Professional boxing". Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 15 January 2017.
- "[No title]". The Timaru Herald. 13 June 1882. p. 2 – via Papers Past.
- Pollack, Adam (2006). John L. Sullivan: The Career of the First Gloved Heavyweight Champion. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company Inc. p. 65. ISBN 978-0-7864-2558-7.
- Kieza 2015, p. 30.
- "The Lineal Middlleweight Champions". The Cyber Boxing Zone Encyclopedia.
- Box rec.com. boxer: Bob Fitzsimmons
- Toronto Star, 19 January 1895.
- Reilly, Joe. "Born To Uphold The Law: Frank Sulloway's Principles Applied to the Earp-Clanton Feud of 1879–1882" (PDF). Drexel E-Repository and Archive. Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 July 2007. Retrieved 6 June 2011.
- Barra, Alan (26 November 1995). "BACKTALK;When Referee Wyatt Earp Laid Down the Law". New York Times. Retrieved 23 April 2013.
- Rasmussen, Cecilia (4 June 2000). "LA Then and Now: Mrs. Wyatt Earp Packed Her Own Punch". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 29 June 2011.
- Shillingberg, William B. (Summer 1976). "Wyatt Earp and the Buntline Special Myth". Kansas Historical Quarterly. 42 (2): 113–154. Archived from the original on 1 February 2012.
- Sonnichsen, C.L. (1968). Pass of the North: Four Centuries on the Rio Grande. Texas Western Press. pp. 358–362.
- "The Lineal Heavyweight Champions". The Cyber Boxing Zone Encyclopedia. Archived from the original on 3 June 2009.
- "Nellie Mighels Davis". Nevada Women's History Project. University of Nevada, Reno. Retrieved 25 February 2012.
- "The Lineal Light Heavyweight Champions". The Cyber Boxing Zone Encyclopedia.
- Ken Burns, Unforgivable Blackness
- Romanos, J. "Statue of Bob Fitzsimmons, Timaru", Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, 27 January 2015. Retrieved 10 December 2016.
- Ingram, Brian S (2012). Australian Boxing World Champions. Xlibris Corporation. ISBN 978-1-4771-0731-7.[self-published source]
- Kieza, Grantlee (2015). Boxing in Australia. Canberra: National Library of Australia. ISBN 978-0-6422-7874-6.
- Nicholson, Kelly Richard (2011). Hitters, Dancers and Ring Magicians: Seven Boxers of the Golden Age and Their Challengers. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company Inc. ISBN 978-0-7864-4990-3.
- Kiwis With Gloves On by Brian F O'Brien, published 1960, Reed.
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Bob Fitzsimmons|
- Professional boxing record for Bob Fitzsimmons from BoxRec
- A New Zealand tribute site
- Robert Fitzsimmons in the Dictionary of New Zealand Biography
- Biography in the 1966 Encyclopaedia of New Zealand (birth year wrong)
- "FACETIOUS "BOB" SLUGGER-ACTOR". Sacramento Union. 20 May 1908. p. 12. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
- "NURSING BOTTLE DEFEATS FITZ Former Heavyweight Champion Succumbs to Attack by Theater Manager". Sacramento Union. 26 July 1908. p. 12. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
- "HEROES OF THE RING IN DOUBT". Los Angeles Herald. 28 June 1906. p. 10. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
Jim Corbett was a bank clerk. He's an actor at present. Bob Fitzsimmons was a blacksmith. He is running a farm now, doing monologue turns and fighting between times.
- "RING VETERAN TO GIVE VIEWS". San Francisco Call. 27 June 1910. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
After all the contest on July 4 between Jeffries and Johnson will be a fight, and who better than a fighter can convey the idea of the intensity of the struggle, the courage that is required, the force that will be exerted and who better than Bob Fitzsimmons...
- "DEATH OF 'LANKY BOB' SHOCKS LA FRIENDS". Los Angeles Herald. 22 October 1917. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
died in a Chicago hospital early this morning of pneumonia
Nonpareil Jack Dempsey
| World Middleweight Champion
14 January 1891 – 26 September 1894
James J. Corbett
| World Heavyweight Champion
17 March 1897 – 9 June 1899
James J. Jeffries
| World Light Heavyweight Champion
25 September 1903 – 20 December 1905
Philadelphia Jack O'Brien
|Titles in pretence|
| World Heavyweight Champion
21 February 1896 – 2 December 1896