Robert Foley (academic)
Foley in 2011
|Born||Robert Andrew Foley
18 March 1953
|Institutions||University of Durham
University of Cambridge
|Alma mater||Peterhouse, Cambridge|
|Thesis||Human palaeoecology: an analysis of regional artefact density in the Amboseli Basin, Southern Kenya (1975)|
|Notable awards||Fellow of the British Academy (2007)|
Robert Andrew Foley, FBA (born 18 March 1953) is a British anthropologist, archaeologist, and academic, specialising in human evolution. From 1977 to 1985, he was a lecturer in anthropology at the University of Durham. He has been a fellow of King's College, Cambridge since 1987, and Leverhulme Professor of Human Evolution at the University of Cambridge since 2003.
From 1977 to 1985, Foley was a Lecturer in Anthropology at the University of Durham. He then returned to the University of Cambridge to take up a post in the Department of Biological Anthropology. From 1986 to 1998, he was a lecturer in Biological Anthropology. Since 1987, he has been a Fellow of King's College, Cambridge. From 1998 to 2003, he was Reader in Evolutionary Anthropology. He co-founded the Leverhulme Centre for Human Evolutionary Studies in 2001 with Marta Mirazón Lahr, and has been its director since its inception. The Centre was designed to provide a home for the Duckworth Collection, and first class laboratories and facilities to support research in human evolution which integrated genetics, anthropology, and other fields. In 2003, he was appointed Leverhulme Professor of Human Evolution.
Foley has carried out research in many aspects of evolutionary theory, human evolution, prehistory and more recently human evolutionary genetics. His early work was on the Later Stone Age of East Africa, where he developed methods and ideas to study the landscape distributions of artefacts, giving rise to the sub-field of Off-Site Archaeology. In his work on human evolution he has emphasized an evolutionary ecological approach, seeing human adaptations as solutions to the problems faced by hominins in the environments in which they were living. This evolutionary research has also explored the relationship between climate and evolutionary change, the evolution of social behavior (finite social space model), and patterns of hominin diversity. This approach was summarized in two books – Another Unique Species, and Humans Before Humanity.
Since the 1990s, Foley has collaborated with Marta Mirazón Lahr on research relating to the evolution of modern humans and their diversity. Their work has argued for multiple dispersals of early humans out of Africa, and the use of the ‘southern route’. Their approach has emphasized the role of geographical factors in shaping human evolution, and a central role for dispersals as the process by which diversity evolves.
He has co-led expeditions and archaeological excavations with Mirazon Lahr in the Solomon Islands, the Central Sahara, and Kenya, particularly in the Turkana Basin. In Turkana, Foley and Mirazon Lahr study the late Quaternary record of human occupation in the basin, and have recently described a group of 10,000 year-old skeletons from the site of Nataruk that died as part of conflict between hunter-gatherer bands.
In the last decade, Foley has been involved in several aspects of evolutionary psychology and linguistics, exploring questions related to the evolution of human cognition, human language and its use as a mechanism is the evolution of society and social boundaries.
- "FOLEY, Prof. Robert Andrew". Who's Who 2015. A & C Black. November 2014. Retrieved 18 March 2015.
- "Interview with Professor Robert Foley, Part 1". YouTube. Retrieved 18 March 2015.
- "Features of the Leverhulme Centre for Human Evolutionary Studies". University of Cambridge. Retrieved 2012-12-26.
- "Fellows of King’s College, Cambridge". King’s College. Retrieved 2012-12-26.
- Foley, R. A. (1981). "Off-site Archaeology and human adaptations in Eastern Africa". Cambridge Monographs in African Archaeology. 5.
- Foley, R. & Gamble, C. (2009). "The ecology of social transitions in human evolution". Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B. 364: 3267–3279. doi:10.1098/rstb.2009.0136.
- Foley, R. (1994). "Speciation, extinction and climatic change in hominid evolution". Journal of Human Evolution. 26: 275–289. doi:10.1006/jhev.1994.1017.
- Lahr, M. M. & Foley, R. (1994). "Multiple Dispersals and Modern Human Origins". Evolutionary Anthropology. 3 (2): 48–60. doi:10.1002/evan.1360030206.
- Lahr, M. M. & Foley, R. (1998). "Towards a theory of modern human origins: Geography, demography, and diversity in recent human evolution". Yearbook of Physical Anthropology. 41: 137–176.
- Foley, R. & Lahr, M. M. (1992). "Beyond ’Out of Africa’: Reassessing the origins of Homo sapiens.". Journal of Human Evolution. 22: 523–529. doi:10.1016/0047-2484(92)90085-n.
- Lahr, M. Mirazón; Rivera, F.; Power, R. K.; Mounier, A.; Copsey, B.; Crivellaro, F.; Edung, J. E.; Fernandez, J. M. Maillo; Kiarie, C. (2016). "Inter-group violence among early Holocene hunter-gatherers of West Turkana, Kenya". Nature. 529 (7586): 394–398. PMID 26791728. doi:10.1038/nature16477.
- "British Academy Fellows – FOLEY, Professor Robert". British Academy. Retrieved 2012-12-26.
- Foley, R.A (2005), "Species diversity in human evolution: challenges and opportunities", Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa, 60: 67–72, doi:10.1080/00359190509520479
- Lewin, Roger; Foley, Robert (2003), Principles of Human Evolution (Second Edition), Blackwells,UK
- Foley, R.A (2001), "Adaptive radiations and dispersals in hominin evolutionary ecology", Evolutionary Anthropology, Supp 1: 32–37, doi:10.1002/evan.10051
- Foley, Robert (1995), Humans before Humanity, Blackwells,UK
- Foley, R.A; Lee, P.C (1991), "Ecology and energies of encephalization in hominid evolution", Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 334: 223–232, doi:10.1098/rstb.1991.0111
- Foley, Robert; Dunbar, Robin (14 October 1989), "Beyond the bones of contention", New Scientist, 124 (1686): 21–25