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Robert Francis Prevost

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Robert Francis Prevost

Prefect of the Dicastery for Bishops
Prevost in 2014
ChurchCatholic Church
AppointedJanuary 30, 2023
InstalledApril 12, 2023
PredecessorMarc Ouellet
Other post(s)Cardinal-Deacon of Santa Monica (2023-)
President of the Pontifical Commission for Latin America
OrdinationJune 19, 1982
by Jean Jadot
ConsecrationDecember 12, 2014
by James Patrick Green
Created cardinalSeptember 30, 2023
by Pope Francis
RankCardinal Deacon
Personal details
Robert Francis Prevost

(1955-09-14) September 14, 1955 (age 68)
Previous post(s)
Alma mater
MottoIn illo uno unum
Coat of armsRobert Francis Prevost's coat of arms
Styles of
Robert Francis Prevost
Reference styleHis Eminence
Spoken styleYour Eminence
Informal styleCardinal

Robert Francis Prevost, O.S.A. (born September 14, 1955) is an American-born prelate of the Catholic Church, a cardinal who has served as prefect of the Dicastery for Bishops and president of the Pontifical Commission for Latin America since April 12, 2023. He previously served as Bishop of Chiclayo in Peru from 2015 to 2023, and was the Prior General of the Order of Saint Augustine in Rome from 2001 to 2013.

He worked in Peru from 1985 to 1986 and from 1988 to 1998 as a parish pastor, diocesan official, seminary teacher and administrator. Born in Chicago, he spent some of his career there working for the Augustinian Order.

Pope Francis made him a cardinal on 30 September 2023.


Early life[edit]

Robert Francis Prevost was born in Chicago on September 14, 1955. He completed his secondary studies at the minor seminary of the Order of St. Augustine in 1973. Prevost earned a Bachelor of Science degree in mathematics at Villanova University in 1977.[1] He joined the Augustinians on September 1, 1977, took his first vows on September 2, 1978,[2] and took his solemn vows on August 29, 1981.[citation needed] The following year he obtained a Master of Divinity degree from Catholic Theological Union in Chicago.[3]


Prevost was ordained a priest for the Order of St. Augustine in Rome on June 19, 1982. He earned a licentiate and a doctorate degree in canon law from the Pontifical College of St. Thomas Aquinas in Rome in 1984 and 1987, respectively.[1][4]

Prevost joined the Augustinian mission in Peru in 1985 and served as chancellor of the Territorial Prélature of Chulucanas from 1985 to 1986.[2] He spent the year 1987 to 1988 in the United States as pastor for vocations and director of missions for the Augustinian Province of Chicago. He then returned to Peru, spending the next ten years heading the Augustinian seminary in Trujillo and teaching canon law in the diocesan seminary, where he was also prefect of studies. He served as judge of the regional ecclesiastical court and a member of the College of Consultors of Trujillo. He also led a congregation on the outskirts of the city.[5]

Augustinian leadership[edit]

In 1998, Prevost was elected provincial of the Augustinian Province of Chicago and returned to the United States to assume that position on March 8, 1999.[2]

Beginning in 2000, Prevost allowed Father James Ray, a priest then accused of abusing minors whose ministry had been restricted since 1991, to reside at the Augustinians' St. John Stone Friary in Chicago, despite its proximity to a Catholic elementary school. Ray was assigned a monitor while in residence, and the school was not notified. He was moved to a different residence in 2002 when Church officials adopted stricter rules for priests accused on abusing minors.[6][7][a]

In 2001, Prevost was elected to a six-year term as prior general of the Augustinians. He was elected to a second six-year term in 2007. From 2013 to 2014, Prevost was director of formation in the Convent of St. Augustine in Chicago, as well as first councilor and provincial vicar of the Province of Our Mother of Good Counsel, which covers the midwestern United States.[5]

Bishop of Chiclayo[edit]

On November 3, 2014, Pope Francis appointed Prevost as apostolic administrator of the Diocese of Chiclayo and titular bishop of Sufar.[5] He received his episcopal consecration on December 12, 2014.[8] On September 26, 2015, he was named bishop of Chiclayo.[1]

On July 13, 2019, Prevost was appointed a member of the Congregation for the Clergy.[9] On April 15, 2020, he was named apostolic administrator of Callao in Peru.[10] On November 21, 2020, Pope Francis named him a member of the Congregation for Bishops.[11]

Within the Episcopal Conference of Peru, Prevost served on the permanent council for the 2018 to 2020 term.[12] He was elected in 2019 as president of its Commission for Education and Culture. He was also a member of the leadership of Caritas Peru. Prevost had a private audience with Pope Francis on March 1, 2021,[13] fueling speculation of a new assignment either in Chicago or Rome.[14]

Dicastery for Bishops[edit]

On January 30, 2023, Pope Francis appointed him prefect of the Dicastery for Bishops, effective April 12, with the title Archbishop-Bishop Emeritus of Chiclayo.[15]

On July 9, 2023, Pope Francis announced he plans to make him a cardinal at a consistory scheduled for September 30.[16] At that consistory he was made Cardinal-Deacon of Santa Monica degli Agostiniani.[17]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ That Ray was allowed to live at the Friary was first reported by the Chicago Sun Times in 2021, based on documents the Church made public in 2014.[6]


  1. ^ a b c "Rinunce e nomine, 26.09.2015" (Press release) (in Italian). Holy See Press Office. September 26, 2015. Retrieved November 21, 2020.
  2. ^ a b c "Robert F. Prevost nombrado Administrador Apostólico en Chiclayo". Orden de San Agustín (in Spanish). November 3, 2014. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved June 1, 2021.
  3. ^ "Bishop Robert Francis Prevost, OSA". Catholic Theological Union. February 1, 2023. Retrieved February 2, 2023.
  4. ^ "Pope names missionary bishop to head Dicastery for Bishops". Dicasterium pro Communicatione. January 30, 2023. Retrieved February 2, 2023.
  5. ^ a b c "Rinunce e nomine, 03.11.2014" (Press release) (in Italian). Holy See Press Office. November 3, 2014. Retrieved November 21, 2020.
  6. ^ a b Herguth, Robert (February 26, 2021). "Church officials OK'd moving another priest accused of abuse to Hyde Park friary, records show". Chicago Sun Times. Retrieved January 30, 2023.
  7. ^ Pillar, The (March 16, 2021). "Vatican congregation member allowed priest accused of child abuse to live near Catholic school". www.pillarcatholic.com. Retrieved January 30, 2023.
  8. ^ ""Una autoridad debe apartarse de la corrupción, el egoísmo y de enriquecerse a sí mismo"". La República (in Spanish). May 17, 2015. Retrieved November 21, 2020.
  9. ^ "Rinunce e nomine, 13.07.2019" (Press release) (in Italian). Holy See Press Office. July 13, 2019. Retrieved November 21, 2020.
  10. ^ "Rinunce e nomine, 15.04.2020" (Press release) (in Italian). Holy See Press Office. April 15, 2020. Retrieved November 21, 2020.
  11. ^ "Rinunce e nomine, 21.11.2020" (Press release) (in Italian). Holy See Press Office. November 21, 2020. Retrieved November 21, 2020.
  12. ^ "Consejo Permanente". Episcopal Conference of Peru (in Spanish). Retrieved November 21, 2020.
  13. ^ "Audiences, 01.03.2021" (Press release). Holy See Press Office. March 1, 2021. Retrieved May 31, 2021.
  14. ^ "Curial speculation follows papal meetings with bishops". Catholic News Agency. March 6, 2021. Retrieved May 31, 2021.
  15. ^ "Resignations and Appointments, 30.01.2023" (Press release). Holy See Press Office. January 30, 2023. Retrieved January 30, 2023.
  16. ^ "Le parole del Papa alla recita dell'Angelus, 09.07.2023" (Press release) (in Italian). Holy See Press Office. July 9, 2023. Retrieved July 9, 2023.
  17. ^ "Assignation of Titles and Deaconries to the new Cardinals, 30.09.2023" (Press release). Holy See Press Office. September 30, 2023. Retrieved October 1, 2023.

External links[edit]