Robert Gardner (anthropologist)
Robert Grosvenor Gardner|
November 5, 1925
June 21, 2014 (aged 88)|
|Occupation||Academic, Anthropologist, Documentarian|
Forest of Bliss
|Spouse||Adele Pressman ( - his death)|
|Children||five; six grandchildren|
James Russell Lowell
Charles Russell Lowell III
Robert Traill Spence Lowell
Charles Russell Lowell, Sr.
Robert Grosvenor Gardner (November 5, 1925 – June 21, 2014) was an American academic, anthropologist, and documentary filmmaker who was the Director of the Film Study Center at Harvard University from 1956 to 1997. Starting in 1950s, he is known for his work in the field of visual anthropology and films like Dead Birds, and Forest of Bliss. In 2011, a retrospective of his work was held at Film Forum, New York.
After graduating with a Bachelor of Arts degree from Harvard University in 1947, he became an assistant to the founder of the Byzantine Institute of America, Thomas Whittemore at Harvard's Fogg Museum. This led to travels to Anatolia, Fayum and London working with Coptic textiles and restoring Byzantine art Next, he started teaching medieval art and history at the College of Puget Sound in Washington state. Here, he took to writings of anthropologist Ruth Benedict and he ended up post doing MA in anthropology from Harvard. It was during his graduation period that he took part in an expedition on Kalahari Desert Bushmen, for which he took photographs, films and carried out elementary research work. Thereafter he founded The Film Study Center, a production and research unit at the Peabody Museum at Harvard in 1957. Here it made documentary films till he left the centre in 1997.
- Blunden Harbour (1951)
- Dances of the Kwakiutl (1951)
- Mark Tobey (1952)
- The Hunters (1957)
- Dead Birds (1963)
- Marathon (1964)
- Screening Room (1970s), series includes 9 films
- The Nuer (1971)
- Mark Tobey Abroad (1973)
- Rivers of Sand (1973)
- Altar of Fire (1976)
- Deep Hearts (1981)
- Sons of Shiva (1985)
- Forest of Bliss (1986)
- Ika Hands (1988)
- Dancing With Miklos (1993)
- Passenger (1998)
- Scully in Malaga (1998)
- Good to Pull (Bon a Tirer) (2000)
- Gardner, Robert. 2006. The Impulse to Preserve: Reflections of a Filmmaker. Other Press.
- The Cinema of Robert Gardner, by Ilisa Barbash, Lucien Taylor. Berg, 2007. ISBN 1845207742.
- Harry Tomicek. 1991 Gardner Oesterreichisches Filmuseum. (In German)
- "Bringing Faraway Worlds Closer, And Questioning Western Intrusions". New York Times. November 10, 2011.
- Biographic timeline
- "Robert Gardner Dies at 88; Filmed Cultural Practices" New York Times June 27, 2014 Retrieved July 1, 2014
- Brief Narrative account
- "Stephen Dupont is awarded grand prize in photography". The Australian. March 8, 2010.
- Robert Gardner Profile at The Film Study Center at Harvard University
- An Anthropological Critique Of The Films Of Robert Gardner at Temple University
- Ruby, Jay. Picturing Culture: Explorations of Film and Anthropology. Chicago: U. of Chicago Press, 2000.
- Heider, Karl. Ethnographic Film. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1978.
- Schmitz M. Norbert, Gupta, Susanne. "Robert Gardners "Forest of Bliss" - Dokumentarfilm als visuelle Poesie, UVK Konstanz, 2012. ISBN 978-3-86764-409-9