Robert Gifford, 1st Baron Gifford

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The 1st Lord Gifford. Engraving by Thomas Wright after Abraham Wivell's painting.

Robert Gifford, 1st Baron Gifford, PC (24 February 1779 – 4 September 1826) was a British lawyer, judge and politician.

Gifford was born in Exeter, and entered the Middle Temple in 1800. He was called to the bar in 1808, and joined the Western Circuit.

Gifford was elected to the House of Commons for Eye in 1817, a seat he represented until 1824, and served under the Earl of Liverpool as Solicitor General between 1817 and 1819 and as Attorney General between 1819 and 1824. The latter year he was raised to the peerage as Baron Gifford, of St Leonard's in the County of Devon,[1] and appointed Lord Chief Justice of the Common Pleas. Lord Gifford only held this post for a short time and was then Master of the Rolls from 1824 until his early death in September 1826, aged 47. He was succeeded in the barony by his son Robert.

Coat of arms[edit]

Coat of arms of Robert Gifford, 1st Baron Gifford
Coronet of a British Baron.svg
Coat of arms of the Gifford family
A coronet of a Baron
A Panther's Head couped at the neck and affrontée between two Branches of Oak proper
Azure a Chevron between three Stirrups with Leathers Or within a Bordure engrailed Argent pellety
Dexter: a Bay Horse proper charged on the shoulder with a Portcullis Or; Sinister: a Greyhound Argent charged on the body with three Ermine Spots
Non Sine Numine (Not without God's assistance)


  1. ^ "No. 17997". The London Gazette. 31 January 1824. p. 170.

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Mark Singleton
Sir William Garrow
Member of Parliament for Eye
With: Mark Singleton 1817–20
Sir Miles Nightingall 1820–24
Succeeded by
Sir Miles Nightingall
Sir Edward Kerrison
Political offices
Preceded by
Sir Samuel Shepherd
Solicitor General
Succeeded by
Sir John Singleton Copley
Preceded by
Sir Samuel Shepherd
Attorney General
Succeeded by
Sir John Singleton Copley
Legal offices
Preceded by
Sir Robert Dallas
Chief Justice of the Common Pleas
Succeeded by
Sir William Best
Preceded by
Sir Thomas Plumer
Master of the Rolls
Succeeded by
Sir John Singleton Copley
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Gifford
Succeeded by
Robert Francis Gifford